Browsing by Subject "akateeminen prokrastinaatio"

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  • Utriainen, Elisa (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    The aims of the study. Academic procrastination is a prevalent problem among students whose everyday life is often filled with deadlines. As up to 95 % of procrastinating students would like to decrease their delaying behaviour, and procrastination has many negative outcomes, it is important to study antecedents of procrastination and develop interventions. The current study employs Klingsieck's (2013) definition of procrastination which states that procrastination is "the voluntary delay of an intended and necessary and/or personally important activity, despite expecting potential negative consequences that outweigh the positive consequences of the delay". The purpose of the present study is to extend the current knowledge about motivational and volitional psychology perspective of procrastination, and the following research questions were answered: 1. What factors influence the study motivation of the procrastinating students? 2. What kind of interest do the procrastinating students express in their studies? 3. How do the procrastinating students perceive their self-efficacy to perform their studies? 4. What kind of volitional factors do the procrastinating students mention? Methods. The data consists of transcripted interviews of eight students identified as procrastinators in a previous study. The study is conducted as a qualitative, data-driven content analysis including the development of a category system for each research question. Additionally, these categories are used to create a student profile for each informant. Results and conclusions. The results indicate that procrastinating students had several factors which motivated them to study and they also expressed interest towards their studies. However, only two students expressed strong individual interest. Procrastinating students had doubts about their ability to succeed in their studies and found especially the beginning of their studies difficult due to insufficient skills to study at university. Finally, some of the students had self-regulative problems, and the profiles revealed that students' motivational and volitional features differed from each other. This study supports the view that students have individual patterns for the antecedents of procrastination and for that reason also different kinds of interventions should be available to them.
  • Åkerlund, Melissa (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    Prolongation of studies is a particular challenge in generic humanities studies. Supporting the development of organised studying skills is important, as the challenges faced in studies effect the study progress and the well-being of students. Organised studying skills are related to study progress, faster completion of studies, and coping with the challenges of academic studies. University students face challenges in the form of procrastination and stress, among other things. Good organised studying skills gives students the tools they need to cope with these challenges by managing their own behaviour, time and environment. The topic is topical due to the current pandemic, due to which university studies have become distance learning. Studying requires students to have the ability to organize their own studies, and studying can be challenging with weak organised studying skills. More research is needed on the intervention courses that support organised studying skills in the university context. The aim of the study was, firstly, to find out how first-year university students assess their own organised studying skills, their tendency to procrastinate, and stress prior and after the online intervention, and secondly, students' views on the effects of an online intervention on above issues. The data of this study consist of questionnaires (n = 18) conducted at the beginning and the end of the intervention, as well as preliminary assignments and learning reports (n = 22). The research material was obtained from The Centre for University Teaching and Learning (HYPE). The material was collected in the spring of 2019 from an online intervention course that supports organised studying and time management skills. The material was analysed quantitatively and qualitatively. The change after the intervention was observed by repeated measures t-test and students' views were observed with theory-guided content analysis. Students who participated in the online intervention course rated their own organised studying skills as weak and the procrastination they experienced as high in the beginning of the course. After the course, students reported that their organised studying skills increased, and procrastination as well as stress decreased. During the course, students’ awareness increased, and they learned a variety of ways to manage time, procrastination, and stress. The results provide an indication that students experience challenges in their studies and that it is possible to support students’ organised studying skills through online intervention.