Browsing by Subject "aktivitetsteori"

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  • Ranki, Marianne (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Purpose. When a child in Finland is diagnosed with cancer, and being treated at the hospital, the school education is provided by the hospital school. Later, education is arranged by the child’s own school. The most common arrangement is that one or more of the pupil’s own teachers visits the child at home, because the child cannot attend regular school because of the high infection risk. Earlier studies show that in a situation like this, school becomes an essential element for the child’s quality of life. The aim of this research is to describe, analyze and interpret how teachers have experienced the interactions and eventual tensions between different cooperation partners in a situation when they have a child with cancer in their class. Threory and methods. This research was conducted as a qualitative study with a phenomenographic research approach and is based on six semi-structured interviews of teachers in Finnish and Swedish-speaking primary schools in three municipalities in Finland. The material was analyzed by using thematic analysis and with activity theory as a theoretical framework. Results and conclusions. Teachers showed a genuine interest in helping the pupils and ful-filled their work with much pride and a sense of responsibility. They saw that the overall health of the pupil and keeping up the social contacts with the rest of the class was more im-portant than academic performances. The teachers had very different experiences of how they needed and obtained support from their principal and colleagues. One of the most im-portant resources for the teachers was the pupil’s family, while there was almost no other cooperation with other partners outside the school. The overall experiences of the education with special arrangements were good. The identified tensions between partners occurred mostly because of lack of open communication and knowledge.
  • Saarentaus, Stella (Helsingin yliopisto, 2017)
    The aim of this study is to explore the experiences of a group of company agents who participated in a training organized by their company, from the perspective of activity theory. Activity theory aims to understand the interaction between the mind and activity, through expansive learning among other things. The subjects of the study are Vainio Oy (pseudonym) and the company agents who took part of the training. A significant amount of studies on organizational learning has been made in different contexts, including organizational management. Studies of internal training and usage of collected data within organizational learning are less frequent, though. Thus, the aim of this study is to increase information concerning the ways of development for organizational training from an activity theoretical perspective. The research is a qualitative study, and the methods used for gathering data were thematic interviews. There were eight company agents from all over Finland who participated in the interviews. All of the informants took part of the company's training. The data were analyzed by using content analysis. A phenomenological hermeneutic approach was applied during the research analysis. The study shows that the training was a success. Significance was given for teachers proficiency, given support and specific educational methods, for instance using online assignments. On the other hand the defined agenda and the company agents' expectations of the training did not meet. The company agents preferred a training with a more sales point of view. It is possible to develop the training from an activity theoretical perspective, either with the help of a process-innovation model or system innovation model. Expansive learning is only fulfilled when the activity system, i.e. the training program, is reformed so that the objectives of the training provider and the participants are integrated.