Browsing by Subject "arjen hallinta"

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  • Ripatti, Hannu (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    Objectives. The objective of this study is to discover the meaning of being multi-skilled in everyday life for men, as well as to show how being multi-skilled is manifested and visible in their lives. The issue is topical in the sense that it is by no means a given anymore that it the smooth running of day-to-day life in the family is the responsibility of a woman. In addition, more and more households are formed by only one person. Furthermore, alternative types of housing are an increasingly important alternative to a traditional nuclear family, especially for young men. The basis of the study is a synthesis of skills based on the existing literature. This creates the opportunity to study the day-to-day lives of men from several viewpoints at once, and to create the basis for the concept of being multi-skilled. Methods. The empirical data used in the study was collected by conducting individual, semi-structured, thematic interviews with seven men between the ages of 21 and 59, living in the capital region or western Uusimaa. The data was analysed principally using qualitative methods in a theory-driven analysis with a phenomenographic approach. In order to increase the reliability of the results, the data was also submitted to quantitative analysis. The data collected in the first part of the survey was analysed based on the knowledge gained from source literature. In the second stage of analysis, larger skillsets were formed in order to describe the actual meaning of being multi-skilled. In the third stage of analysis the skills described by the men were organised into a description of what being multi-skilled is. At the same time, the whole concept became visible in their lives. The men interviewed in the course of the study came to be seen as "products" of their national culture, upbringing, education, life experiences, friendships and other aspects of their private lives. Results and conclusions. The results of this master's thesis show that the skills that men need to navigate their everyday lives can be described with the concept of being multi-skilled. The concept includes three individual factors: the skill of being a human, actual productive skills and a vision of skills to be learned in the future. Being multi-skilled appears in the lives of men as various social, functional and cognitive skills. The experience of doing things together and offering and receiving assistance was described as essential. It is possible to conclude that mastering everyday life via being multi-skilled is both the right and the duty of each person regardless of their gender.
  • Mommo, Hanna (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    Goals. The purpose of this study was to gain information on adult education teachers' perceptions of the everyday life of the adult students. The goal was to find out what kind of information the teachers get of the students' everyday life and how it affects their work. The earlier studies have proved the students' every day life often to be busy. Combining work, studies and family life is demanding. Studying is a major part of adult student's everyday life. This study is based on home-economics science and it's everyday life theory. It also examines adult's studies through previous studies and life-span developmental psychology. The teacher's role is viewed from philosophical viewpoint and the theory of teacher's areas of responsibility. The interaction between teacher and student is examined through the theory of the atmosphere of caring. This study will show how the teachers take the everyday life of the students' into consideration in the teaching and the possible needs to develop the practices. Methods. The data of this study is a part of the Tekes-funded Kumous-project's material. It consists of interviews of people working for Itä-Uudenmaan koulutuskuntayhtymä, which offers adult education in the area. Interviews of 12 teachers were chosen for the study and the emphasis was on the fourth theme of the interview, where the everyday life of the student was discussed. Data was analyzed qualitatively using theory sensitive content analysis. Narrative analysis was used with the small stories that the interviewees spontaneously told about the everyday life of the students. Results and conclusions. The teachers gain information about the everyday life of the student abundantly most of the time. The information is gained in official and free interaction with the students. The teachers consider the information to be important for their work, especially for supporting the student in their studies. The everyday life information is gained in the existential area of the teachers' responsibilities and comes up in the atmosphere of caring. That's when the teachers also help the student to solve problems of the everyday life. A teacher focusing to a specialist role is not taking part in students' everyday life. Based on the results it can be emphasized that taking the everyday life of the student into consideration is an essential part of successful studies. Teacher's ability to receive information of the students' everyday life is an essential part of his/her expertise when problems of everyday life form an obstacle for student's ability to study.
  • Koistinen, M. (Helsingin yliopisto, taloustieteen laitos, 2005)
  • Haapa, Anna Talvikki (Helsingin yliopisto, 2017)
    Following a gluten-free diet is continually more common. Previous research has shown that following a gluten-free diet significantly affects the everyday life and quality of life of an individual. The aim of the research was to find out how following a gluten-free diet affects the everyday control and quality of life of an individual. The aim was also to find out how motivational aspects are linked to the following of the diet. The research results were to be viewed from the point of view of self-determination theory and theory of planned behaviour. The research aims to collect information that will help to understand the factors that affect the everyday life control and quality of life of those following the gluten-free diet. The research was carried out as a quantitative cross-sectional study. The data collected through Helsinki university E-form was comprised of answers to 55 questions. The questionnaire was completed by 356 persons. The data were analysed using IBM SPSS -statistics 23 and AMOS Graphics 24. The data were analysed using independent samples t-test, 2 independents samples tests, Kruskal–Wallis test, One-Way ANOVA, Jonckheere–Terpstra test, Principal components' analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Spearman and Pearson correlation coefficients were also calculated. The gluten free diet affected the every day functions and social situations in many ways. Those with coeliac disease found following the diet easier than those with other dietary restrictions. The easiness of following the diet lessened avoidant behaviour, stress during lunch and the occurrence of negative feelings. The feeling of adequate support from social environment affected positively the quality of life and everyday life control of the subjects, and the feeling of adequate support from the inner circle was connected with precise following of the diet. Motivational factors were connected to several coping strategies and factors affecting the quality of life. Precise following of the diet didn't necessarily ensue the knowledge of the significance of the diet. This intention-behaviour gap reflected the subjects' lack of motivation.
  • Hietaniemi, Marjut (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    This research investigates “Supporting the everyday life of families with children” activity provided by the Martha organization. The activity consists of home visits arranged by household experts, which aim to facilitate the wellbeing and everyday life of families with children. The aim of the research is to explore how home visits facilitate the fluency of everyday life and how they support the development of household skills. In addition, the re-search aims to deepen understanding of the everyday life of families with children by investigating what type of burdening factors families face and what type of supporting factors appear in the everyday life of families. The research was qualitative by nature, and its material was obtained by conducting semi-structured theme interviews. That is, six parents and four household experts were interviewed for the research. The research material was analyzed using the theory-guided con-tent analysis method. Based on the research results, parents experience everyday life as busy and full of work. Especially the schedules set by work burden everyday life. Household experts experienced that difficult life situations and the lack of household skills and everyday life patterns burden families. The research shows that families need concrete help and support. Some of the interviewed parents felt that their need for support had been left unrecognized. Based on the material, anticipation and daily routines proved to be important supporting factors for everyday life. Parents felt that the home visits contributed to the fluency of everyday life in many aspects and that doing things together was the concrete and significant way of contribution. Household experts viewed that the purpose of home visits was to discover the families’ own way of handling everyday life and that the visits were the right way of strengthening household skills. According to the research, household advice and visits provided by household experts in addition to other support forms provided by different organizations and the society are worth the support for the everyday life of families with children. The understanding of the needs for everyday life and its support for families with children enables the development of family-oriented support forms.
  • Pöllänen, Ilona (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    Former studies have shown that everyday workload has increased in Finland. However, their focus has been on families’ point of view, but young childless adults’ views have stayed in the shadows. According to the studies adolescents are even prone to serious health issues caused by loaded everyday life. The goal of this thesis is, firstly, to study what young childless adults think about loaded everyday life and, secondly, to analyse ways how young adults try to ease their everyday workload. The research approach is qualitative. The data was collected with an e-questionnaire that included open ended questions. The study participants were chosen by discretionary and snowball sampling. The data consists of 29 young childless adults who experienced periods of transition in their lives and who also experienced loaded everyday life on a scale of daily to monthly. The data was analysed by using a data-driven content analysis. Everyday workload of young childless adults relates to the challenges of everyday well-being and performance. The former was emphasized among those who were affected by loaded everyday life most strongly and the latter among those who were less burdened by everyday life. Young adults tried to make their loaded everyday life easier via time management and by taking care of their well-being. It turned out that workload experience can be facilitated and managed by means suitable for oneself, so that is possible to secure and increase mastery of everyday life and well-being. The experience of everyday workload turned out to be a personal experience which was related to several different factors and individual needs. The number of things to be looked after, activities, or leisure time did not predict the quality of loaded everyday life experience.
  • Laine, Heini (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    Children's hobbies affect families' everyday life structure and time schedules. According to recent studies the hobby culture has changed in Finland within last decades. Children are actively taking part in different kinds of hobbies. At the same time public discussion about families' everyday life is focused on the challenges of consolidating work and family. One of the major challenges is time and its' sufficiency. Families report they experience lack of time in their everyday life. The aim of this study was to research how children's hobbies influence the everyday life. The study is based on home economics science which emphasizes the interactional and experimental features of parenting/nurturing and functioning in everyday life. The study was a qualitative case study with ethnographical scientific approach. The family studied has six family members. Both parents are working full time. All children participate supervised hobby activity weekly. The data was collected by observing family's everyday life and by interviewing all family members in December 2016. The collected data was analyzed by using Grounded Theory methodology. The main finding in the study was that hobbies have mainly positive effects on the everyday life of the family studied. According to all family members the hobbies brought positive content to children's life. Time schedules of children's hobbies affected everyday life structure but also brought challenges. Hobby culture was criticized for being binding, goal-directed or adult focused in some cases. The emerged phenomenon of the study was time – its' sufficiency or the lack of it. All family members were satisfied with everyday life as a result of the solution family had come to for time management. The parents' weekly turns in taking care of household duties were a solution for everyday life management which also enabled leisure activities during busy everyday life. The most significant result of the study involves the formula for reorganizing everyday life functions. This arrangement can be seen as a reflection of rebirth or transformation in family culture.
  • Heino, Riina (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    Aims: New forms of food services appear in the food market constantly as consumers are looking for new ways to ease their everyday lives. One new form of food services is a grocery bag service. With one delivery consumers may receive recipes and groceries to use for meals for several days. The aim of this study was to find out the impact of Anton & Anton's grocery bag service on the everyday life of its users. Another goal of this study was to explore the themes that lead to the choice to use of the service. The research questions are as follows 1) Why do consumers use grocery bag services, and 2) How does the grocery bag service affect to the everyday life management of the household. The theoretical framework of this study is based on earlier studies of consumer's food choice, and the concept of everyday life management by Liisa Haverinen (1996) Data and methods: The study was conducted with qualitative research. The data was collected with a questionnaire utilizing Typeform Internet application in March 2016. The participants were regular customers of Anton & Anton's grocery bag service. 109 answers were received to the questionnaire. 93% of respondents were female and only 7% male. The largest group of respondents (57) were between age of 30 to 45, the second largest were 45-65 year olds with 31 responses and the next were the 18-30 year olds with 15 responses. There were only six respondents aged over 65. Almost 60% of the respondents lived in a household with one or several children. The analysis of the data was conducted by content analysis and thematic analysis. Results and discussion: The results of the study suggest that the use of grocery bag services had many types of effects on the everyday lives of its users. The effects were perceived as mainly positive. According to the experiences of the users, the grocery bag service made their everyday life easier. The service developed the users' cooking skills and encouraged them to try new experiments in the kitchen. The users told that the use of the grocery bag service developed their diet to be more healthy and diverse. The service also made their grocery shopping more economical and systematic, and the shopping experience became more pleasant. The service directed the users to voluntarily make time and effort towards cooking. On the other hand the service decreased shopping time, which freed plenty of time in the users' everyday lives. The quality of the users' lives seemed to improve with successful cooking experiences as well as with distinguishing their own values in their food choices. According to the users, positive aspects of the grocery bag service also include decrease of food waste, increase of the use of vegetables and fish and decrease in unnecessary purchases, which save money.
  • Paakkinen, Maritta (Helsingin yliopisto, 2015)
    Aims: Community supported agriculture (CSA) belongs to the alternative food networks that have become more prevalent in recent years. Common features for CSA are local food, support for environmentally friendly agriculture and communality. The aim of this study is to clarify the effects of CSA on the everyday life of the members. The research questions are 1) how the membership of CSA and the weekly vegetable box affect the management of the household food economics and 2) how the membership of CSA does affect the everyday life management of households. The study was carried out among the members of the Herttoniemi Food Co-operative. This urban farm in an applied version of the CSA. The theoretical framework of this study consists of the concept of everyday life management of Liisa Haverinen (1996) and of the previous studies on CSA. Data and methods: This study is a qualitative study. The research data was collected by means of three focus group discussions. There were 16 Herttoniemi Food Co-operative members participating in total. The data was analyzed using thematic content analysis. Results and discussion: The results showed that the membership of the food co-operative has many kinds of effects on the everyday life. In cooking, the members tended to be more creative, open-minded and inventive. Cooking from scratch increased. The time used for cooking seemed to increase. The members used vegetables in greater quantity and with more versatility than before. The members' skills in vegetable processing and recognition developed. Further, the membership did improve knowledge of the food chain in general and members' food literacy. In families with children the membership had a special educational focus. Local food, also organic food in some families, and the knowledge of the origin of food seemed to improve satisfaction of life. The membership had increased the valuing of food generally. It appears that the membership of food co-operative has extensive effects on the members' everyday life. It seems that implementing one's own values in food supply will increase satisfaction in everyday life. The membership is likely to increase ethical reflection related to food choices.
  • Kettunen, Henna (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Earlier research has found that management of everyday life includes confidence to cope with new everyday circumstances. This is important because daily life cannot be predicted and neither working life or work-life balance appears in a very positive light in the public debate. Especially restaurant trade students may be worried about work-life balance because work in the field is stressful and the working hours are irregular. However, studies suggest that young people do not learn all everyday skills at home as they once did. The aim of this study is to explore how restaurant trade students’ management of everyday life is connected to their expectations about work-life balance and working life. The data (N=101) were collected in spring 2020 by using an electronic questionnaire. The participants were final stages students on restaurant trade in Finnish vocational schools. The questionnaire contained both structured and open-ended questions that were analysed by using quantitative (cross-tabulation, Mann-Whitney U test) and qualitative (content analysis) methods. The participants experienced both their inner (life management) and external (coping everyday chores) dimension of management of everyday life comparatively good. About half of the participants evaluated work-life balance optimistically and the rest pessimistically. The expectations did not vary according to any of the measured background variables. Instead, most of the participants expected their future working life optimistically, although they were quite worried about many things involved in the working life. The expectations about working life were more pessimistic among those who estimated that their own study success was good or satisfactory than those who estimated that their own study success was excellent. Statistically significant connections were found between students’ management of everyday life and their expectations about work-life balance and working life, but only in the inner dimension of management of everyday life. The expectations were more optimistic among those whose management of everyday life was good than those whose management of everyday life was reasonable at the most. In the former case the transition from studentship to working life may feel easier, which can increase one’s satisfaction towards life. The research results can be utilized in developing education and workplace activities.
  • Kontinen, Emmi (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    The everyday life of families with children is seen as a fertile micro community from emotions point of view. Many emotions are being experienced and transferred there. The everyday life is being described as cyclic and multilevel unity, which consists of routines, that are repeated daily and weekly. The food choice is part of everyday life activity and the emotions that impact on food choice in everyday life are previously been researched rather slightly. The research shows, that in addition to positive emotions lots of negative and contradictory emotions are being related to everyday life of families with children. The purpose of this research is to find out, what kind of emotions parents experience in family's food choice situations and into what kind of situations are the positive and negative emotions being attached to. Furthermore, the purpose of this research is to find out, how mother's and father's emotions about food choice differ and what kind of contradictions mother's and father's emotions cause in family's everyday life. The research was executed as a qualitative research and research data was collected by diary approach. Four families with toddler-aged children took part in research and both mothers and fathers completed the diary (n=8). The data was organized by content analysis and analyzed by theme analysis and typology. The results showed that various emotions are being connected with every day life's food choice. Mother's and father's emotions differed clearly. Fathers felt positive emotions when dinner was ready after work and guilt from not making it home early enough or from not being there to impact on food choice. Mothers felt emotions of success inter alia when they became aware that their food choice promoted health or when the child agreed to eat what was offered. Negative emotions were experienced when weekdays were busy and there wasn't enough time to impact on food choice. This research gave a different point of view to observe the everyday life of families with children and an opportunity to understand reasons behind parents emotions better. On the other hand, this research gave a new, emotions acknowledging angle also on nutrition promotion.
  • Peltokorpi, Terhi (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    Aims. Vision of good motherhood is culturally dependent and standardized. Adolescent motherhood is not common and many times it is considered negative. Young mothers ability to cope with children and everyday life is questioned many times. The purpose of this Master's thesis is to describe adolescent mothers' views on motherhood and their daily life and to find out how peer group could be used to support their everyday life. The theoretical background is based on theory of mastery of everyday life in home economics science (Haverinen, 1996) and research of everyday life and peer groups. The main research questions are for example: what is young maternity, how do mothers define the mastery of everyday life in their own lives and how peer groups of young mothers supported the other adolescent mother and helped them in the mastery of everyday life? Methods. The data of this study were collected by interviewing nine 20-22 years old one child mothers, who were taking part of young mothers peer support group in Tyttöjen talo in Helsinki and two registered midwifes, who were working as mentor in these groups. The classification of research data were .. data-based. The data were analysed in Atlas.ti –qualitative analysis program using content analysis. Results and conclusions. Most of the mothers thought that becoming a mother at a young age separates them quite strongly from the other youth. In the peer group the mothers got many friends who were in the similar life situations. Adolescent mothers considered the group support and the social relationship very important to themselves. They felt that they could be accepted characterized by themselves too. Group activities were effective and helped mothers to keep the rhythm in their everyday life. Discussions with the other mothers, the practical advice and the work in the peer groups cause positive effects to young mothers mastery of everyday life. Peer counselors' and mothers' views on the importance of the activities for the mothers were similar. The results of this study give information on adolescent mothers everyday life and mastery of it. Findings can be used for planning activities and organizing young mothers peer groups. Peer group effectiveness can also be researched with longitudinal studies following the same families throughout the period of participation in peer group activities. When developing the activities it would be necessary to do further research on how adding more functionality to the groups and the cooperation assists the mothers mastery of everyday life.