Browsing by Subject "bicyclo[1.1.1]pentane"

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  • Bär, Robin M.; Langer, Lukas; Nieger, Martin; Bräse, Stefan (2020)
    Abstract Herein we present the first synthesis of bicyclo[1.1.1]pentyl (BCP) sulfoximines from the corresponding sulfides. Both BCPs and sulfoximines are bioisosteres used in medicinal chemistry and therefore desirable motifs. The access to BCP sulfides was enabled by the thiol addition to [1.1.1]propellane as published before. A broad scope with specific limitations was discovered for the sulfoximination. To diversify the sulfoximines, N-acylations and N-arylations were performed. As the N-arylation was low yielding we optimized the copper(I) catalyzed reaction. A wide range of aryl iodides could be deployed and competitive reactions showed that aryl bromides react equally fast. In a scale-up we prepared a suitable precursor for a BCP drug analogue. In this work several molecular structures could be determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction.
  • Bär, Robin M.; Heinrich, Gregor; Nieger, Martin; Fuhr, Olaf; Bräse, Stefan (2019)
    Herein we present the synthesis of symmetrically and unsymmetrically substituted 1,3-bissulfanylbicyclo[1.1.1]pentanes from disulfides and [1.1.1]propellane. Bicyclo[1.1.1]pentanes (BCPs) recently gained interest as rigid linkers and as bioisosters of parasubstituted benzene and alkyne moieties. The most promising precursor for BCPs is [1.1.1]propellane (1). The available methods to synthesize BCPs are quite limited and many groups contribute to the development of novel methods. The insertion of 1 into disulfide bonds is known, but has never been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we show that an UV initiated radical reaction can be used to synthesize symmetrically and unsymmetrically substituted BCP sulfides by reaction of [1.1.1]propellane (1) with disulfides. Depending on the ratio of 1 to the disulfide, only the BCP product (with up to 98% yield) or a mixture of BCP and [2] staffane can be obtained. The reaction tolerates functional groups such as halogens, alkyl and methoxy groups. The separation of the corresponding BCP and [2] staffane products is challenging but possible by column chromatography and preparative TLC in most cases. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis confirms the rod-like structure of the [2] staffanes that is often required in material applications.
  • Bär, Robin M.; Gross, Patrick J.; Nieger, Martin; Bräse, Stefan (2020)
    Abstract Herein, we present the synthesis of the bench-stable sodium bicyclo[1.1.1]pentanesulfinate (BCP-SO2Na) and its application in the synthesis of bicyclo[1.1.1]pentyl (BCP) sulfones and sulfonamides. The salt can be obtained in a four-step procedure from commercially available precursors in multigram scale without the need for column chromatography or crystallization. Sulfinates are known to be useful precursors in radical and nucleophilic reactions and are widely used in medicinal chemistry. This building block enables access to BCP sulfones and sulfonamides avoiding the volatile [1.1.1]propellane which is favorable for the extension of SAR studies. Further, BCP-SO2Na enables the synthesis of products that were not available with previous methods. A chlorination of BCP-SO2Na and subsequent reaction with a Grignard reagent provides a new route to BCP sulfoxides. Several products were analyzed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction.