Browsing by Subject "censorship"

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  • Kondakov, Alexander (Edward Elgar, 2020)
    This chapter discusses the ways that regulation of sexuality takes in current Russia. Since 2013 when Russian legislature introduced a censorship law on ‘propaganda’ of homosexuality, courts have been tasked with decisions about what published materials or public actions constitute the ‘harmful’ content which this legislation seeks to ban. The following is the analysis of these decisions and other developments of regulation of sexuality that make up political and legal context. The main purpose of the study is to uncover a particular form of sexual subjectivity that judges convey through their texts. The use of Foucauldian discourse analysis helps to discover a split sexual subject who is simultaneously ‘born gay’ and chooses to become one. Such a structure of sexual subjectivity makes it possible to impose regulatory powers of the law.
  • Liu, Xin (2020)
    This short piece concerns the figure of the screen as a boundary object and screening as a boundary-drawing practice during COVID-19. The screen is understood of as a surface that filters, shields, protects, conceals, mediates, intrudes and on which images can be projected and made visible. This text links together and thinks through various instantiations of the figure of the screen, such as digital screens and face masks. In so doing, it makes visible the ways in which the digital, affective and embodied screens and screening practices shape the perception of and response to COVID-19 in various contexts, as well as the multiple and often contradictory ways in which boundaries of spaces and bodies are materialized and undone
  • Talwar, Shalini; Dhir, Amandeep; Singh, Dilraj; Virk, Gurnam; Salo, Jari (2020)
    Sharing of fake news on social media platforms is a global concern, with research offering little insight into the motives behind such sharing. This study adopts a mixed-method approach to explore fake-news sharing behaviour. To begin with, qualitative data from 58 open-ended essays was analysed to identify six behavioural manifestations associated with sharing fake news. Thereafter, research model hypothesizing the association between these behaviours was proposed using the honeycomb framework and the third-person effect hypothesis. Age and gender were the control variables. Two data sets obtained from cross-sectional surveys with 471 and 374 social media users were utilized to test the proposed model. The study results suggest that instantaneous sharing of news for creating awareness had positive effect on sharing fake news due to lack of time and religiosity. However, authenticating news before sharing had no effect on sharing fake news due to lack of time and religiosity. The study results also suggest that social media users who engage in active corrective action are unlikely to share fake news due to lack of time. These results have significant theoretical and practical implications.
  • Pietiläinen, Jukka; Strovsky, Dmitry (2010)
    This article analyses support for censorship in Russia as part of the democratization process. Censorship has been an important part of Russian history and it was strengthened during the Soviet era. After the collapse of the Soviet system formal censorship was banned even though the reality has been different. Therefore it is not strange that many Russians would like to limit the freedom of the media and to censor certain topics. The views of Russians on censorship have been studied on the basis of a survey carried out in 2007. According to the results, three different dimensions of censorship were found. These dimensions include moral censorship, political censorship, and censorship of religious materials. Support for these dimensions varies on the basis of socio-demographic characteristics and media use. The article concludes that many Russians reject new phenomena, while support for the censorship of political criticism is not as high, but political censorship seems to enjoy more support among elites than among the common people.