Browsing by Subject "classroom interaction"

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  • Tammi, Tuure; Rajala, Antti (2018)
    Previous research has identified numerous obstacles that counteract attempts to involve pupils in democratic processes in schools. Drawing from deliberative democratic theory and sociolinguistic research on dialogic teaching we discuss an intervention grounded on the ideas of deliberative communication and decision-making in an elementary classroom in Finland. We show that deliberative communication can provide pupils with opportunities for democratic participation. This process involves altering conventional classroom interactional patterns and the power processes they uphold. The possibilities of expanding deliberative communication from isolated democratic meetings to everyday schooling are considered.
  • Toivanen, Tapio; Pyykkö, Anu Emilia (2012)
  • Holm, Alma (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    Aims. Touch is a part normal human interaction, in school too. By touching, people show for example friendship and empathy to one another. Touch has also a lot of significant positive effects on child's development and human well-being. On the other hand, touching is associated with norms and negative feelings that emerge especially when discussing touching in school. The purpose of this master's thesis was to find out, describe and analyse what kind of touching behaviour there is in the 6th grade interaction and who are the touch initiators. Other purpose of this thesis was also to bring more positive perspective to the discussion about touching in school. Methods. The data for this master's thesis was collected by observing 6th grade's Finnish and mathematics lessons. There were 6 lessons in total and they were recorded on video. The study was a qualitative case study. The analysis was made by applying a combination of quantification and content analysis. The touches that were observed from the videos were calculated and tabulated. After that the touches were categorized and the touch situations were described in detail. Results and conclusions. The physical interaction between pupils was mainly friendly and teasing. There was not any touching behaviour that would refer to bullying or violence. Touching between girls was a little more common than touching between boys, but otherwise there was not much difference in the two genders' touching behaviour. Physical interaction between teacher and pupils was very little. When a teacher touched a pupil, the touch was either encouraging or guiding. Because of the nature of case study, the results cannot be generalized. The results, however, give a good picture of the touching behaviour in the five 6th grade lessons observed.
  • Karvonen, Ulla; Heinonen, Pilvi; Tainio, Liisa (Suomen soveltavan kielitieteen yhdistys AFinLA ry, 2018)
    AFinLA:n vuosikirja : Suomen soveltavan kielitieteen yhdistyksen (AFinLA) julkaisuja
  • Paalanen, Johanna (2020)
    The article examines classroom interaction during a Finnish high school music lesson, using ethnomethodological multimodal conversation analysis as both a theoretical and methodological approach. It explores how artistic action and aesthetic experience become visible in moment-by-moment interaction in a context of everyday school lesson. Embodiment and continuity function as central features in pedagogical process aiming at artistic expression, and emerging both socially and individually. This shows conformity to e.g. John Dewey´s philosophical understanding of aesthetic experience. The analysis demonstrates the multilayeredness of the interaction in school music lesson. In the data extract, student participation in the artistic activity during the lesson is characterized by stylized performances and restrained embodiment. The music teacher orients to these forms of student participation as normal embodied institutional activities, not as students’ resistance towards her artistic or pedagogical activity.
  • Heikonen, Lauri; Toom, Auli; Pyhalto, Kirsi; Pietarinen, Janne; Soini, Tiina (2017)
    Strategies student-teachers employ in classroom interaction with pupils during teaching practice periods are surprisingly understudied, considering that the teaching practicum provides a central arena for student-teachers learning to become teachers. This study investigates the primary strategies student-teachers utilised in classroom interaction and the multiple qualities of these strategies. The data were collected from 31 student-teachers during their teaching practicum through stimulated recall (STR) interviews focusing on challenging and empowering critical incidents that student-teachers chose from their video-recorded lessons. The results showed that in challenging classroom incidents, student-teachers applied predominantly reactive behavioural strategies, whereas in the empowering situations, student-teachers primarily employed proactive cognitive and behavioural strategies. Use of proactive cognitive strategies was typically associated with positive meaningful experiences; hence, they setting the stage for utilising a more diverse set of proactive strategies in the classroom. Implications for teacher education programmes providing student-teachers authentic learning opportunities that promote proactive strategies are discussed.