Browsing by Subject "complication"

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  • Tiihonen, R.; Alaranta, R.; Helkamaa, T.; Nurmi-Lüthje, I.; Kaukonen, J.-P.; Lüthje, P. (2019)
    Background and Aims: Reoperations after operative treatment of hip fracture patients may be associated with higher costs and inferior survival. We examined the acute hospital costs, long-term reoperation rates, and survival of patients with a new hip fracture. Materials and Methods: A total of 490 consecutive new hip fracture patients treated at a single center between 31 December 2004 and 6 December 2006 were analyzed retrospectively. Fractures were classified according to Garden and AO. All medical records were checked manually. The costs of reoperations were calculated using the diagnosis-related groups (DRG)-based prices. Survival analysis was performed using the life-table method. The follow-up time was 10 years. Results: In all, 70/490 patients (14.3%) needed reoperations. Of all reoperations, 34.2% were performed during the first month and 72.9% within 1 year after the primary operation. The hemiarthroplasty dislocation rate was 8.5%, and mechanical failures of osteosynthesis occurred in 6.2%. Alcohol abuse was associated with a heightened risk of reoperation. The mean direct costs of primary fracture care were lower than the mean costs of reoperations (euro7500 vs euro9800). The mortality rate at 10 years was 79.8% among non-reoperated patients and 62.9% among reoperated patients. Conclusions: According to our hypothesis, the cost per patient of reoperation in acute care was 31% higher than the corresponding cost of a primary operation. Reoperations increased the overall immediate costs of index fractures by nearly 20%. One-third of all reoperations were performed during the first month and almost 75% within 1 year after the primary operation.
  • Aaronson, Alexander; Viljanen, Antti; Kanclerz, Piotr; Grzybowski, Andrzej; Tuuminen, Raimo (2020)
    Background: To evaluate the learning-curve in performing cataract surgery with respect to developments in technology and different teaching strategies by comparing the incidence of capsular bag-related complications to operator experience. Methods: A review of the registry of 14,520 cataract surgeries carried out at the Ophthalmology Unit of Kymenlaakso Central Hospital, Kotka, Finland, from August 8, 2009 to July 31, 2017. Results: We identified 144 cases with posterior capsule rupture and/or loss of capsular bag support (incidence 0.99% of all surgeries). The mean age of patients was 76.99.1 years and gender distribution ratio 29:71 male:female. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXF; incidence 21%) and small pupil (incidence 14%) were over-represented in complication eyes, especially at the beginning of the study. Capsular bag-related complication rates were reported in 0.36% of surgeries for senior and 7.03% for resident surgeons at the beginning of the study, compared to 0.32% and 1.32%, respectively, at the end of the study. Best-corrected visual acuity at the final post-operative visit was 0.61 +/- 0.16 decimals at the beginning of the study, and 0.81 +/- 0.19 decimals at the end of the study. The mean number of post-operative visits was 4.3 +/- 2.7 and did not show trend over the study period. Conclusions: Real-world evidence suggests PXF and small pupil as significant risk factors in cataract surgery. A gradual decline in the rate complications was noted with increasing surgical experience, also among residents over the follow-up period.
  • Marttila, E.; Thoren, H.; Törnwall, J.; Viitikko, A.; Wilkman, T. (2018)
    The aim of this retrospective study was to analyse the incidence of complications and loss of flaps after primary reconstructions for oral cancer in 191 patients at our hospital over the five years 2005-2010. The patients' clinical and personal details, characteristics of the tumours, types of microvascular flap, complications, and outcomes were recorded. The soft tissue flaps used most often were the fasciocutaneous radial forearm free flap (RFFF) (n = 86, 45%) and the anterolateral thigh free flap (ALTFF) (n = 48, 25%) while the most commonly used osseous flap was the deep circumflex iliac artery flap (DCIA) (n = 25, 13%). There were postoperative complications that required intervention in a quarter of the patients, most often in the age group 41-50 years (p = 0.018). Older age was not associated with the development of complications. The overall survival of all free flaps was 181/191 (95%), and the only significant individual predictor of loss of a flap was reconstruction with a DCIA (p = 0.016), five of the 25 of which were lost. We conclude therefore that DCIA free flaps are associated with an increased risk of failure; the method of osseous reconstruction for maxillofacial reconstruction should be selected carefully; and carefully chosen older patients do not seem to be at increased risk of morbidity. (C) 2018 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Miettinen, S. S. A.; Mäkinen, T. J.; Mäkelä, K.; Huhtala, H.; Kettunen, J. S.; Remes, V. (2018)
    Background and Aims: Large-diameter head total hip arthroplasty and hip resurfacing arthroplasty were popular in Finland from 2000 to 2012 for the treatment of hip osteoarthritis. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the mid-term survival of large-diameter head total hip arthroplasty patients operated on in three university hospitals and to compare these results to the survival of hip resurfacing arthroplasty patients. Material and Methods: A total of 3860 hip arthroplasties (3029 large-diameter head total hip arthroplasties in 2734 patients and 831 hip resurfacing arthroplasties in 757 patients) were operated on between January 2004 and December 2009. The mean follow-up was 4.3years (range: 0.3-8.0years) in the total hip arthroplasty group and 5.1years (range: 1.7-7.9years) in the hip resurfacing arthroplasty group. Cox multiple regression model and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were used to study the survival of the total hip arthroplasties and the hip resurfacing arthroplasties. Intraoperative complications and reasons for revisions were also evaluated. Results: In Cox regression analysis, the hazard ratio for revision of hip resurfacing arthroplasty was 1.5 compared with large-diameter head total hip arthroplasty (95% confidence interval: 1.0-2.2) (p=0.029). The cumulative Kaplan-Meier survival rate was 90.7% at 7.7years for the large-diameter head total hip arthroplasty (95% confidence interval: 86.8-94.6) and 92.2% at 7.6years for hip resurfacing arthroplasty (95% confidence interval: 89.9-94.6). There were a total of 166/3029 (5.5%) intraoperative complications in the large-diameter head total hip arthroplasty group and 20/831 (2.4%) in the hip resurfacing arthroplasty group (p=0.001). Revision for any reason was performed on 137/3029 (4.5%) of the arthroplasties in the large-diameter head total hip arthroplasty group and 52/831 (6.3%) in the hip resurfacing arthroplasty group (p=0.04). Conclusion: The mid-term survival of both of these devices was poor, and revisions due to adverse reactions to metal debris will most likely rise at longer follow-up. There were more intraoperative complications in the large-diameter head total hip arthroplasty group than in the hip resurfacing arthroplasty group.
  • Hackenberg, T.; Mentula, P.; Leppaniemi, A.; Sallinen, V. (2017)
    Background and Aims: The laparoscopic approach has been increasingly used to treat adhesive small-bowel obstruction. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of a laparoscopic versus an open approach for adhesive small-bowel obstruction. Material and Methods: Data were retrospectively collected on patients who had surgery for adhesive small-bowel obstruction at a single academic center between January 2010 and December 2012. Patients with a contraindication for the laparoscopic approach were excluded. A propensity score was used to match patients in the laparoscopic and open surgery groups based on their preoperative parameters. Results: A total of 25 patients underwent laparoscopic adhesiolysis and 67 patients open adhesiolysis. The open adhesiolysis group had more suspected bowel strangulations and more previous abdominal surgeries than the laparoscopic adhesiolysis group. Severe complication rate (Clavien-Dindo 3 or higher) was 0% in the laparoscopic adhesiolysis group versus 14% in the open adhesiolysis group (p = 0.052). Twenty-five propensity score-matched patients from the open adhesiolysis group were similar to laparoscopic adhesiolysis group patients with regard to their preoperative parameters. Length of hospital stay was shorter in the laparoscopic adhesiolysis group compared to the propensity score-matched open adhesiolysis group (6.0 vs 10.0 days, p = 0.037), but no differences were found in severe complications between the laparoscopic adhesiolysis and propensity score-matched open adhesiolysis groups (0% vs 4%, p = 0.31). Conclusion: Patients selected to be operated by the open approach had higher preoperative morbidity than the ones selected for the laparoscopic approach. After matching for this disparity, the laparoscopic approach was associated with a shorter length of hospital stay without differences in complications. The laparoscopic approach may be a preferable approach in selected patients.
  • Kyrölä, K.; Kautiainen, H.; Pekkanen, L.; Mäkelä, P.; Kiviranta, I.; Häkkinen, A. (2019)
    Background and Aims: Adult spinal deformity surgery has increased with the aging population and modern surgical approaches, although it has high complication and reoperation rates. The permanence of radiographic correction, mechanical complications, predictive factors for poor patient-reported outcomes, and patient satisfaction were analyzed. Material and Methods: A total of 79 adult patients were retrospectively analyzed at baseline and 1-9 years after adult spinal deformity correction between 2007 and 2016. Patient-reported outcomes (Oswestry Disability Index, visual analog scale, and Scoliosis Research Society-30 scores), changes in radiographic alignment, indications for reoperation, predictors of poor outcomes according to the Oswestry Disability Index and Scoliosis Research Society-30 scores, and patient satisfaction with management were studied. Results: Oswestry Disability Index and visual analog scale scores (p = 0.001), radiographic correction of thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, and pelvic retroversion (p
  • Koskinen, Tuomas (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    BACKGROUND: Complication rates following neck dissection (ND) have been assessed in many studies, but only few of those have incorporated a well-established grading system for severity. Our aim was to assess the incidence and the severity of ND complications using the Clavien-Dindo Classification of Surgical Complications (CSC) and to review possible risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Documents of the patients (n=194) who underwent ND at the Helsinki University Hospital in 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Seventy-six patients were identified for further review as they were operated on by the same otorhinolaryngology surgery team without coinciding microvascular transfer. CSC was used to evaluate the severity of complications related to ND for the first 30 postoperative days. Statistical analyses were performed to assess possible risk factors. RESULTS: One quarter (27.6%) of the patients recovered from ND without any deviation from normal postoperative course (CSC Grade 0). More than half (57.9%) of the patients received CSC Grade I and II interventions postoperatively. Postoperative surgical intervention in the operation room (CSC Grade IIIb) was required for 14.5% of the patients. There were no life threatening complications or deaths. No statistically significant patient-related risk factors were identified. Dissection of fewer neck levels was associated with fewer complications. DISCUSSION: Complication rates were higher in this study than in other studies focusing on ND, partly due to careful registration and classification of all complications. However, infection rates were lower than in other studies and there were no life threatening complications, suggesting a good competence level of surgical management.
  • Udd, Marianne; Lyytinen, Jukka; Eerola-Rautio, Johanna; Kenttämies, Anu; Lindström, Outi; Kylänpää, Leena; Pekkonen, Eero (2017)
    Background: Continuous levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) diminishes daily off time and dyskinesia in patients with advanced Parkinsons disease (PD). Complications are common with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy with a jejunal extension tube (PEG-J). Aim of the Study: To report the clinical outcome of LCIG in patients with advanced PD in the years 2006-2014 at Helsinki University Hospital. Patients and Methods: Levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel treatment started following PEG-J placement in patients with advanced PD after successful in-hospital LCIG trial with a nasojejunal tube. Demographics, PEG-J procedures, discontinuation of LCIG, complications and mortality were retrospectively analyzed. Results [mean (SD)]: Sixty patients with advanced PD [age 68(7) years; duration of PD: 11(4) years] had LCIG treatment for 26(23) months. The majority of patients with advanced PD were satisfied with the LCIG treatment. For 51 patients (85%), the pump was on for 16hr a day, and for nine patients (15%) it was on for 24hr a day. After 6months, the levodopa-equivalent daily dose (LEDD) had increased by 30% compared to pre-LCIG LEDD. Sixty patients underwent a total of 156 PEG-J procedures, and 48 patients (80%) had a total of 143 complications. Forty-six patients (77%) had 119 PEG-J or peristomal complications, and 22 patients (37%) had a total of 25 other complications. The most common complications were accidental removal of the J-tube in 23 patients (38%) and 5% weight loss in 18 patients (30%). Fifteen patients discontinued the LCIG after 21 (21) months. At the end of the follow-up period of 33(27) months, 38 patients were still on LCIG and nine (15%) had died. Conclusion: Most patients were satisfied with LCIG treatment. A few patients lost weight whereas the majority had complications with PEG-J. When LCIG treatment is carried out, neurological and endoscopic units must be prepared for multiple endoscopic procedures.
  • Laurikka, Pilvi; Kivelä, Laura; Kurppa, Kalle; Kaukinen, Katri (2022)
    Background The best-known symptoms of coeliac disease are related to the gastrointestinal tract, but the disease may also present with various systemic manifestations outside the intestine. Some of these consequences may remain permanent in undiagnosed individuals or if the diagnostic delay is prolonged. However, for many of the systemic manifestations, the scientific evidence remains scant and contradictory. Aims and Methods We conducted a narrative review of the most thoroughly studied and clinically relevant systemic consequences of coeliac disease, especially those that could be prevented or alleviated by early diagnosis. The review is intended particularly for physicians encountering these patients in daily clinical practice. Results The possible systemic consequences of coeliac disease extend to multiple organ systems, the best studied of which are related to skeletal, reproductive, cardiovascular and neurological systems. Furthermore, the disease is associated with an elevated risk of psychiatric comorbidities, non-Hodgkin lymphomas and intestinal adenocarcinoma. Conclusions The various systemic consequences of coeliac disease play a significant role in the overall health of patients. Early diagnosis and treatment with a gluten-free diet appear to be beneficial for most, but not all of these conditions. The possible negative metabolic and psychosocial effects of the diet should be acknowledged during follow-up.
  • Back, Johan; Sallinen, Ville; Kokkola, Arto; Puolakkainen, Pauli (2022)
    Introduction: Gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy is considered standard treatment in gastric cancer (GC). Among Western patients, morbidity and mortality seem to increase in D2 relative to D1 lymphadenectomy. As elderly patients with co-morbidities are more prone to possible complications, it is unclear whether they benefit from D2 lymphadenectomy. This study aims to compare the short- and long-term results of D1 and D2 lymphadenectomy in elderly patients undergoing gastrectomy for GC. Methods: All elderly (> 75 years) patients undergoing gastrectomy with curative intent for GC during 2000-2015 were included and grouped according to the level of lymph node dissection into the D1 or D2 group. Short-term surgical outcome included the Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI) and 30-day mortality. Long-term outcomes comprised overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and disease-free survival (DFS). Cox regression was used in multivariable analyses. Results: In total, 99 elderly patients were included in the study (51 in D1 group, 48 in D2 group). The median follow-up was 32.5 months. Patients in the D1 group were older and had a higher American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) score. Both groups had similar burden of postoperative complications (CCI 20.9 versus 22.6, p = 0.26, respectively) and 90-day mortality (2% for both groups). The OS, DSS, and DFS were similar between groups. Multivariable analysis adjusted for potential confounders detected no difference in the survival between the D1 and D2 groups. Conclusions: Gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy can be performed with low postoperative morbidity and mortality suggesting its use also in the elderly. Long-term outcomes seem similar but need further studies.
  • Räihä, Juulia; Ortiz, Fernanda; Mannonen, Laura; Loginov, Raisa; Lempinen, Marko; Lautenschlager, Irmeli; Helanterä, Ilkka (2021)
    Cytomegalovirus continues to be a concern after transplantation despite prophylaxis regimens. Our aim was to analyse post-prophylaxis primary cytomegalovirus infections among kidney transplant recipients after 6-month valganciclovir prophylaxis and to determine the usefulness of surveillance after prophylaxis. Data from all cytomegalovirus D+/R- kidney transplant recipients from January 2004 to October 2018 at our center who received 6-month prophylaxis with valganciclovir were retrospectively analysed (N = 481). Detailed analyses were performed for 136 patients who were monitored every 2-4 weeks for DNAemia after the discontinuation of prophylaxis. Post-prophylaxis primary cytomegalovirus infection occurred in 182/481 (38%) patients median 264 days after transplantation (IQR: 226-367) and median 84 days after the end of prophylaxis (IQR: 46-187). In 49% patients, cytomegalovirus infection occurred over 3 months after the end of prophylaxis. Cytomegalovirus infection was not associated with lower patient or graft survival and no independent risk factors for infection were found. From patients monitored closely, 71/136 (52%) patients developed post-prophylaxis primary cytomegalovirus infection. Altogether, 52/136 (38%) patients were diagnosed with probable post-prophylaxis cytomegalovirus disease and 19/136 (14%) patients had asymptomatic CMV infection. Recurrent infection occurred in 38/71 (39%) patients. The incidence of post-prophylaxis primary cytomegalovirus infection among D+/R- kidney transplant recipients remains high despite 6-month prophylaxis. Surveillance after prophylaxis was challenging as a considerable portion of the infections occurred late and already symptomatic.
  • Koljonen, V.; Tuimala, J.; Haglund, C.; Tukiainen, E.; Vuola, J.; Juvonen, E.; Lauronen, J.; Krusius, T. (2016)
    Introduction: Burn anemia represents a common complication following a burn injury. Burn anemia etiology carries distinct features occurring at each stage of the post-injury and treatment periods resulting from different causes. We aimed to analyze the use of blood components in Finnish burn victims and to identify patient- and injury-related factors influencing their use. Methods: To study the use of blood products in burn patients, we used data collected from the Optimal Use of Blood registry, developed through co-operation between 10 major hospital districts and the Finnish Red Cross Blood Service. Burn patients 18years treated at the Helsinki University Hospital between 2005 and 2011 with an in-hospital stay 1day who received at least one transfusion during their hospital stay were included in this study. Results: Among all 558 burn patients, 192 (34%) received blood products during their hospital stay. The transfused cohort comprised 192 burn patients. The study cohort received a total of 6087units of blood components, 2422units of leukoreduced red blood cells, 1728units of leukoreduced platelets, and 420units of single-donor fresh frozen plasma or, after 2007, 1517units of Octaplas((R)) frozen plasma. All three types of blood components were administered to 29% of patients, whereas 45% received only red blood cells and 6% received only Octaplas. Transfused patients were significantly older (p Discussion: We show that Finnish adult burn patients received ample transfusions. The number of blood components transfused varied according to the anatomical location of the injury and patient survival. Whether the additional mortality is related directly to transfusions or is merely a manifestation of the more severe burn injury remains unknown.
  • Lund, Lars; Nisén, Harry; Järvinen, Petrus; Fovaeus, Magnus; Gudmundsson, Eirikur; Kromann-Andersen, Bjarne; Ljungberg, Börje; Nilsen, Frode; Sundqvist, Pernilla; Clark, Peter E.; Beisland, Christian (2018)
    Purpose: To examine the variation in venous thromboembolism prophylactic treatment (VTEP) among renal cancer patients undergoing surgery. Materials and methods: An Internet-based questionnaire on renal tumor management before and after surgery was mailed to all Nordic departments of urology. The questions focused on the use of VTEP and were subdivided into different surgical modalities. Results: Questionnaires were mailed to 91 institutions (response rate 53%). None of the centers used VTEP before surgery, unless the patient had a vena caval tumor thrombus. Overall, the VTEP utilized during hospitalization for patients undergoing renal surgery included early mobilization (45%), compression stockings (52%) and low-molecular-weight heparin (89%). In patients undergoing open radical Nx, 80% of institutions used VTEP during their hospitalization (23% compression stockings and 94% low-molecular-weight heparin). After leaving the hospital, the proportion and type of VTEP received varied considerably across institutions. The most common interval, used in 60% of the institutions, was for a period of 4 weeks. The restriction to the Nordic countries was a limitation and, therefore, may not reflect the practice patterns elsewhere. It is a survey study and, therefore, cannot measure the behaviors of those institutions that did not participate. Conclusion: We found variation in the type and duration of VTEP use for each type of local intervention for renal cancer. These widely disparate variations in care strongly argue for the establishment of national and international guidelines regarding VTEP in renal surgery.