Browsing by Subject "conceptions of learning"

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  • Jokinen, Sonja (Helsingin yliopisto, 2017)
    The aim of this study was to explore the epistemologies and conceptions of learning upper secondary school students (13-15-year-olds), high school students and their teachers express, and to compare the differences of these epistemologies and conceptions between the three groups. The theory of this thesis is based on earlier research related to epistemologies and conceptions of learning that suggest that epistemologies and conceptions of learning evolve with education and age towards a more sophisticated view of knowledge and learning. The data for this pilot study was collected from a small region in Finland in November 2015. The participants; upper secondary school students, high school students and their teachers (N=380), answered an online survey with two-part Likert-type statements measuring various kinds of epistemologies and conceptions of learning (collaboration, valuing metacognition, deep approach, surface approach and certain knowledge). The data was analyzed through looking at correlations and comparing the results of the three groups using ANOVA. The results of this study partly confirm previous study results of differences in epistemologies and conceptions of learning. Differences between secondary school students, high school students and teachers did occur, older students as well as the teachers tended to have more complex views of knowledge and learning. However, the results of the high school students suggest that they valued certain knowledge too, which is considered a less sophisticated epistemology. The results also show that the teachers valued collaboration and metacognition, but that the students didn't experience these two epistemologies to be practiced in class.
  • Aarnio, Anna (Helsingfors universitet, 2009)
    The starting point for this study was university teaching and teachers and specifically their changing role when confronting the Finnish University Reform and the student-focused theories of learning. Teachers' pedagogical thinking and pedagogical content knowledge were also part of the theoretical framework. In the research of conceptions of and approaches to learning and teaching, the qualitative classifications of Säljö and Marton (1976; 1997), Ramsden (1992), Kember (1997) and Trigwell and Prosser (1999) were utilised. Two study questions were raised (1) What kind of conceptions of and approaches to learning do engineering science teachers have? and (2) What kind of conceptions of and approaches to teaching do engineering science teachers have? The relationship between teachers' conceptions and teaching was also examined. The research material was collected in autumn 2008 by interviewing teachers and by observing teaching in the Department of Energy Technology at Helsinki University of Technology. Altogether two tutorials and ten lectures were observed. Each teacher of the observed lectures was interviewed once. The interviews were carried out as semi-structured theme interviews. In the analysis of the research material phenomenographical approach was adapted. The study revealed many kinds of conceptions of and approaches to learning and teaching in the teachers' speech. On the basis of the research material, the conceptions and approaches that the teachers declare do not always reflect their actions in the teaching situation. The surface approaches to learning and teacher-focused approaches to teaching and conceptions of receiving and transmission of knowledge were parallel. Instead the teachers' declarations of the deep approaches to learning and student-focused approaches to teaching were partly in conflict with how the teacher taught. When striving towards student-centered teaching culture attention should be paid to the development of teachers' pedagogical thinking and pedagogical content knowledge. The culture and the structures of the educational institution should also be considered.