Browsing by Subject "constructive alignment"

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  • Hyytinen, Heidi (Helsingfors universitet, 2010)
    The aim of this study is to explore by systematic textual analysis the crucial conceptions of constructive alignment and to reconstruct the concept of constructive alignment and examine the relation between conceptual relationships in John Biggs's texts. In this study, I have also analyzed the presuppositions of the concept of constructive alignment and its possible implications. The research material includes Biggs's (1996b; 2003) article entitled Enhancing Teaching through Constructive Alignment and book entitled Teaching for Quality Learning at University. The primary purpose of the systematic textual analysis is to reconstruct concepts and gain access to a new or more profound understanding of the concepts. The main purpose of the constructive alignment is to design a teaching system that supports and encourages students to adopt a deep approach learning. At the center of the constructive alignment are two concepts: constructivism in learning and alignment in teaching. A tension was detected between these concepts. Biggs assumes that students' learning activities are primed by the teaching. Because of this it is not important what the teacher does. At the same time he emphasizes that teaching interacts with learning. The teacher's task is to support student's appropriate learning activities. On the basis of the analysis, I conclude these conceptions are not mutually exclusive. Interaction between teaching and learning has an effect on student's learning activities. The most essential benefit of the model of constructive alignment is that Biggs brings together and considers teaching at the same level with learning. A weakness of Biggs's model relates to the theoretical basis and positions of the concept of constructive alignment. There are some conflicts between conceptions of epistemology in Biggs's texts. In addition, Biggs writes about constructivism also as conceptions of epistemology, but doesn't consider implications of that position or what follows or doesn't follow from that commitment. On the basis of the analysis, I suggest that constructivism refers in Biggs's texts rather to constructivism in learning than philosophical constructivism. In light of this study, constructive alignment doesn't lead to philosophical constructivism. That's why constructive alignment stays out of idealism. Biggs's way of thinking about teachers possibility to confronting students' misconceptions and evaluate and assess students' constructions support a realist purpose in terms of philosophical stance. Realism does not drift toward general problems of relativism, like lack of criteria for assessing or evaluate these constructions.
  • Morselli, Daniele (2018)
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on a course in entrepreneurship education for students studying for a Masters in Educational Sciences at a Finnish university. The course was structured around the principles of constructive alignment and aimed to move beyond reflection on entrepreneurship towards action Design/methodology/approach – The course was delivered in alignment with intended learning outcomes, teaching and learning activities, and assessment. Along with lectures, group work and peer-review activities, students prepared a career development plan as the course progressed, undertook a homework assignment, wrote a reflective journal, and sat the GET2 test twice. Findings – Quantitative and qualitative analysis suggests that students developed more enterprising attitudes as result of participating in the course. This paper makes an argument in favour of entrepreneurship as a subject for all, a transformative experience capable of shaping the mindset in all who participate. Originality/value – This paper shows how a course on entrepreneurial education based on a “through” approach can be taught at a tertiary level in places other than economics faculties or business schools. Most tertiary courses rely on “about” and “for” approaches to entrepreneurial education, are teacher-centred, and follow a behaviouristic or cognitive learning paradigm of knowledge transmission, as opposed to the student-centred constructivist approach deployed and described here.
  • Morselli, Daniele (2016)
    The article on university pedagogy paper presents a course on academic writing for PhD students with English as second language delivered according to Biggs’ theory of constructive alignment. The article starts by reviewing the literature on academic writing and English as second language, and presents the theory of constructive alignment with intended learning outcomes, teaching and learning activities and evaluation applied to academic writing. It argues that peer review and academic writing are two complementary process, and that a course on academic writing focusing on publishing internationally has to embed them both in group activities. The article demonstrates the features of the course and ends by discussing its generativity for research, as it promotes a deep approach thus enhancing research results even in terms of theorization.