Browsing by Subject "cord blood"

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  • Lamichhane, Santosh; Ahonen, Linda; Dyrlund, Thomas Sparholt; Dickens, Alex M.; Siljander, Heli; Hyöty, Heikki; Ilonen, Jorma; Toppari, Jorma; Veijola, Riitta; Hyötyläinen, Tuulia; Knip, Mikael; Oresic, Matej (2019)
    Previous studies suggest that children who progress to type 1 diabetes (T1D) later in life already have an altered serum lipid molecular profile at birth. Here, we compared cord blood lipidome across the three study groups: children who progressed to T1D (PT1D; n = 30), children who developed at least one islet autoantibody but did not progress to T1D during the follow-up (P1Ab; n = 33), and their age-matched controls (CTR; n = 38). We found that phospholipids, specifically sphingomyelins, were lower in T1D progressors when compared to P1Ab and the CTR. Cholesterol esters remained higher in PT1D when compared to other groups. A signature comprising five lipids was predictive of the risk of progression to T1D, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) of 0.83. Our findings provide further evidence that the lipidomic profiles of newborn infants who progress to T1D later in life are different from lipidomic profiles in P1Ab and CTR.
  • Laitinen, Anita; Lampinen, Milla; Liedtke, Stefanie; Kilpinen, Lotta; Kerkela, Erja; Sarkanen, Jertta-Riina; Heinonen, Tuula; Kogler, Gesine; Laitinen, Saara (2016)
    Background aims. Cord blood (CB) is an attractive source of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) because of its abundant availability and ease of collection. However, the success rate of generating CB-MSCs is low. In this study, our aim was to demonstrate the efficiency of our previously described method to obtain MSCs from CB and further characterize them and to study the effects of different culture conditions on MSCs. Methods. CB-MSC cultures were established in low oxygen (3%) conditions on fibronectin in 10% fetal bovine serum containing culture medium supplemented with combinations of growth factors. Cells were characterized for their adipogenic, osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation capacity; phenotype; and HOX gene expression profile. The functionality of the cells cultured in different media was tested in vitro with angiogenesis and T-cell proliferation assays. Results. We demonstrate 87% efficacy in generating MSCs from CB. The established cells had typical MSC characteristics with reduced adipogenic differentiation potential and a unique HOX gene fingerprint. Growth factor rich medium and a 3% oxygen condition enhanced cell proliferation; however, the growth factor rich medium had a negative effect on the expression of CD90. Dexamethasone-containing medium improved the capacity of the cells to suppress T-cell proliferation, whereas the cells grown without dexamethasone were more able to support angiogenesis. Conclusions. Our results demonstrate that the composition of expansion medium is critical for the functionality of MSCs and should always be appropriately defined for each purpose.
  • Suarez, Anna; Lahti, Jari; Czamara, Darina; Lahti-Pulkkinen, Marius; Knight, Anna K.; Girchenko, Polina; Hämäläinen, Esa; Kajantie, Eero; Lipsanen, Jari; Laivuori, Hannele; Villa, Pia M.; Reynolds, Rebecca M.; Smith, Alicia K.; Binder, Elisabeth B.; Räikkönen, Katri (2018)
    Objective: Maternal antenatal depression may compromise the fetal developmental milieu and contribute to individual differences in aging and disease trajectories in later life. We evaluated the association between maternal antenatal depression and a novel biomarker of aging at birth, namely epigenetic gestational age (GA) based on fetal cord blood methylation data. We also examined whether this biomarker prospectively predicts and mediates maternal effects on early childhood psychiatric problems. Method: A total of 694 mothers from the Prediction and Prevention of Preeclampsia and Intrauterine Growth Restriction (PREDO) Study provided information on history of depression diagnosed before pregnancy; 581 completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale throughout pregnancy, and 407 completed the Child Behavior Checklist at child's age 3.7 years (SD = 0.75 year). DNA methylation (DNAm) GA of fetal cord blood DNA was based on the methylation profile of 148 selected cytosine linked to guanine by phosphate (CpG) sites. Epigenetic GA was calculated as the arithmetic difference between DNAm GA and chronological GA and adjusted for chronological GA. Results: Maternal history of depression diagnosed before pregnancy (mean difference = -0.25 SD units, 95% CI = -0.46 to -0.03) and greater antenatal depressive symptoms (-0.08 SD unit per I-SD unit increase, 95% CI = -0.16 to -0.004) were associated with child's lower epigenetic GA. Child's lower epigenetic GA, in turn, prospectively predicted total and internalizing problems and partially mediated the effects of maternal antenatal depression on internalizing problems in boys. Conclusion: Maternal antenatal depression is associated with lower epigenetic GA in offspring. This lower epigenetic GA seems to be associated with a developmental disadvantage for boys, who, in early childhood, show greater psychiatric problems.