Browsing by Subject "corruption"

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  • Urinboyev, Rustam (The Program on Governance and Local Development at the University of Gothenburg, 2019)
    GLD Working Papers
  • Adams, Laura L; Svensson, Mans; Urinboyev, Rustam (Lexington Books, 2018)
    Contemporary Central Asia: Societies, Politics, and Cultures
    The issue of governance has become a fashionable topic of research in the study of post-Soviet societies. The key argument of this article is that there are multiple paradigms and understandings of ‘good governance’, some of which concur with the global (Western) understanding, while others offer alternative criteria. In this article, we explore the specifics of governance system in Uzbekistan and suggest the notion of ‘everyday life governance’ as shorthand for providing contextual understanding of good governance. This local Uzbek governance system consists of two important interrelated components: a government that heavily relies on coercive infrastructure for maintaining political stability and interethnic peace, but at the same time induces its citizens to engage in informal practices and networks as an alternative (to the formal) source of welfare. This article explores how this system emerged in the post-Soviet period and its impact on societal transformation, governance and development processes in Uzbekistan. These issues will be investigated with reference to observations and informal interviews from post-Soviet Uzbekistan. This study is based on three periods of ethnographic field research between 2009 and 2012 in the Ferghana Province of Uzbekistan.
  • Ollus, Simon-Erik (2005)
    This study investigates the effect of law enforcement in predatory economies. A predatory economy is an economy where long-term growth performance is lower than optimal, due to a high share of predation. The focus is purely economical and strictly on the private economy. A predation trap occurs, which depends on the initial allocations of entrepreneurship in the economy. The economy can find its way out of the trap, if the flow of new entrepreneurs is sufficient. This study amends an existing model of predation by introducing different law enforcement regimes. It shows that it is possible to regulate the parasitic activities through increased law enforcement. The law enforcement changes the initial conditions required for the predation trap to exist, and thus improve long-term growth performance. However, the law enforcement needs to be cost-effective in order to be worth introducing. On low initial levels of entrepreneurship, introducing law enforcement does not necessarily lift the country out from the predation trap. The country still needs a sufficient enough flow of new entrepreneurs into the economy to free it from predation. Hence, this study explains partly why poor countries stay poor.
  • Rommel, Carl Anders Truls (2018)
    This article explores men at a state-owned youth center in Cairo, struggling to cope with uncertainties and change in the aftermath of Egypt's January 2011 Revolution. Conceptually, the article critically engages anthropologist Laura Bear's suggestion that an ethics of productivity saturate neoliberal masculinity. As my ethnographic stories about football coaches and state bureaucrats illustrate, being a good man recurrently surfaced as a problem of how to work productively in and on time: as ambiguities between discordant futures that left material needs, familiar care, and development of football talents difficult to reconcile. Often, my interlocutors linked this conundrum to a wide-ranging opacity, conjured as corruption (fisad). My analysis of this male predicament allows me to spotlight one of the Egyptian revolution's most luring promises: a transparent and meritocratic system, where a man's work would finally be allowed to work on all futures deemed morally and materially significant.
  • Breit, Eric (Hanken School of Economics, 2011)
    Economics and Society - 227
    While extant studies have greatly advanced our understanding of corruption, we still know little of the processes through which specific practices or events come to be labeled as corruption. In a time when public attention devoted to corruption and other forms of corporate misbehavior has exploded, this thesis raises – and seeks to answer – crucial questions related to how the phenomenon is socially and discursively constructed. What kinds of struggles are manifested in public disputes about corruption? How do constructions of corruption relate with broader conceptions of (il)legitimacy in and around organizations? What are the discursive dynamics involved in the emergence and evolution of corruption scandals? The thesis consists of four essays that each employ different research designs and tackle these questions in slightly different theoretical and methodological ways. The empirical focus is on the media coverage of a number of significant and widely discussed scandals in Norway in the period 2003-2008. By illuminating crucial processes through which conceptions of corruption were constructed, reproduced, and transformed in these scandals, the thesis seeks to paint a more nuanced picture of corruption than what is currently offered in the literature. In particular, the thesis challenges traditional conceptions of corruption as a dysfunctional feature of organizations in and of itself by emphasizing the ambiguous, temporal, context-specific, and at times even contradictory features of corruption in public discussions.
  • Quist, Liina-Maija (2010)
    This thesis is about narrative construction of corruption in Tanzanian public health care. The objective of the study is to discuss Tanzanian patients’ group narratives about corruption, which describe corruption as a predatory transaction between a predator state and citizen victims. The study is based on ethnographic fieldwork among rural Makonde in the Mtwara Region of South-Eastern Tanzania. The major part of the research material consists of narratives collected during group interviews. The study argues that patients make use of a folk narrative genre to discuss corruption. The narratives of the study consist of personal and shared narratives which highlight the participants’ collective tendency to represent corruption as a predatory transaction. Applying Ian Hacking’s idea of “making people” through speech and action, the study argues that beside scientific (e.g. Bayart 2009, Blundo et al. 2006) and Tanzanian public discourse about corruption which “make corruption” as a predatory transaction between a predator state and citizen victims, also the study’s participants make corruption in a similar way. Moreover, using the genre this way to make sense and debate the social world of public health care resembles the use of vampire stories and their victims, told in Central and Eastern Africa during and after colonialism (White 2000). The narratives mediate confusion and concern that relate to questions of money, poverty and relations between citizens and state officials. Through the narratives, the participants also question Tanzanian post-colonial health care policies of cost-sharing and express their concerns about a severe lack of resources. Unlike the writings of Bayart (2009), Bayart et al. (1999), Blundo et al. (2006) and Olivier de Sardan (1999), these narratives do not give reason to suggest that culture or “socio-cultural logics” would be focal for understanding corruption in Africa. Instead, they can be interpreted as ordinary people’s means to explicate and question the post-colonial Tanzanian state and its incapacity to meet the needs of its people.
  • Pollack, Ester; Allern, Sigurd; Kantola, Anu Marjaana; Ørsten, Mark (2018)
    All political scandals trigger discussions of trust, but in a competitive commercial media climate, both important and minor legal offences and moral transgressions are regularly treated as scandalous media events. Today, actors in social media and mainstream media organizations can collaborate on cases that might develop into scandal news. In this article, which is based on an analysis of 101 political scandals in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden from 2010 to 2016—and a study of political scandals in the wake of the #MeToo movement in 2017–2018—we show that mediated scandals have become a standard feature of political life in Nordic countries. Compared with earlier decades, there has been an exponential rise in the number of scandals; at the same time, the rate of resignations and dismissals following scandals is lower than before. Offences related to economic affairs, including corruption, and personal behavior scandals, such as accusations of sexual harassment, constitute the most prominent scandal types. However, regarding sexually related behavior scandals, there are interesting differences between the Nordic countries.