Browsing by Subject "day care center"

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  • Pihlainen, Kaisa; Reunamo, Jyrki; Kärnä, Eija (2019)
    In Finland early childhood education (ECE) is mainly provided in day care centres and family day care. The purpose of ECE is to support children´s growth, development and learning with high-quality services. Various methods and tools have been developed for evaluating quality in ECE but children have participated in evaluation only a little. In this article we present how ECE in Finland appears when children (1−8 year-old-children, 49,3 % girls) in family day care (N = 371) and day care centres (N = 371) are included in evaluation by telling about their pleasant things in ECE. Children´s interviews were implemented by their parents. Data was analysed using qualitative and quantitative methods. According to the results, children mentioned several positive aspects in ECE settings. Children in day care centres emphasized children´s own and organized activities in ECE. Children in family day care, in turn, mentioned more topics concerning human relations and everyday life situations. The youngest children in day care centres stated persons more in their names and six-year-old children special days and trips. Results indicate that children’s evaluations are a valuable part of the multi-method quality evaluation of early education. Results can be used to develop ECE practices by paying attention to children´s participation and positive aspects that children mention about ECE.
  • Kopperi, Heini-Mari (Helsingfors universitet, 2014)
    Targets. Lately more emphasis than ever before has been given to bringing forth and taking into account children’s perspective in matters that concern them. It is also purpose of this study to give the voice to children and shed light on their perspective. This study is a part of extensive early childhood education development and research project, Orientaatioprojekti, operated by Helsinki University (Department of Teacher Education), ten municipalities in Keski-Uusimaa area and Hämeenlinna. The research is related to the day care quality evaluation (spring 2012). The main interest of the study was to examine things and situations children told they found unpleasant in day care center, also in relation to child’s gender and age. To better understand the results, the narrations and the consistency of the answers as well as children’s general satisfaction towards the day care were also examined. Methods. The research participants were 573 children, ages ranging from 1 to 8. Parents collected the data by interviewing. Two closed and one open-ended questions were analysed in this research and those questions dealt with children’s general satisfaction in day care center and what do they found unpleasant there. Parents recorded the answers to the web form and the data was then transferred to Excel software. Answers of the closed questions were examined through basic descriptive statistics. The unpleasant things and situations in the open-ended question were analysed through qualitative content analysis. Additionally, the appearance of the answers was also analysed. Used methods there were mostly outlined by researcher herself but some features of discourse analyse were also utilized. Results and conclusions. Most of the children stated that they feel mainly comfortable in day care center. The children mentioned different types of unpleasant things and situations and those were explained in various ways. Above all the challenges in peer relationships were on children’s mind. The peer group pointed out significant but the interaction was not always trouble-free. It seems to be important for children to practice and develop their social skills. Besides of these answers many children found the nap time as a single daily routine to be unpleasant. The number of nap time mentions varied a lot between different sexes and ages. There were also some other differences between the answers of children of different sexes and ages. For example, relatively many of the youngest ones did not answer to the open question at all.
  • Korkalo, Liisa; Nissinen, Kaija M; Skaffari, Essi; Vepsäläinen, Henna; Lehto, Reetta; Kaukonen, Riikka Elisa; Koivusilta, Leena; Sajaniemi, Nina; Roos, Eva; Erkkola, Maijaliisa (2019)
    Preschool meals may influence the formation of children's dietary habits and health. We assessed the contribution of preschool meals to the diet of Finnish children. We used food record data from the cross-sectional DAGIS survey and selected recording days which included all three meals (breakfast, lunch, afternoon snack) at preschool. We analyzed the diet of three- to four-year-olds (n = 324) and five- to six-year-olds (n = 233). Preschool meals accounted for 54% of the weekday's energy intake in both age groups, and provided >= 60% of total fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and vitamins D and E. More than 60% of fish dishes but only one third of total daily fresh fruit were consumed at preschool. The mean (SD) percentages of energy from protein and fat at preschool were 17% (3%) and 30% (7%) in the younger and 17% (3%) and 31% (6%) in the older age group, respectively. The mean proportions of energy from added sugar at preschool were below 5% in both age groups. On average, salt intake exceeded recommendations and 60% of salt came from preschool food. Tackling high salt intake should be a future goal of guidance for early childhood education and care food services.