Browsing by Subject "development process"

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  • Ruonala, Henna-Riikka (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    A systematic literature review was conducted to examine the usage of agile methods in game development. A total of 23 articles were found which were analysed with the help of concept matrices. The results indicate that agile methods are used to varying degrees in game development. Agile methods lead to improved quality of games through a prototyping, playtesting, and feedback loop. Communication and ability of the team to take responsibility are also enhanced. Challenges arise from multidisciplinary teams, management issues, lack of training in agile methods, and quality of code.
  • Tanayama, Tanja (2001)
    The aim of this study was to analyse systematic differences in the processes underlying different types of innovations. Innovations were differentiated according to their technological nature, which was measured by the radicalness and the complexity of the innovations. The innovations studied were divided into radical and incremental and into complex and simple innovations. Probit models were used to analyse how the development processes underlying radical versus incremental or complex versus simple innovations differ. The theoretical framework of the study was provided by the literature on different innovation theories. The components of the innovation process in focus can be divided into innovation-specific and firm- or sector- specific factors. Innovation-specific factors were related to the origin of the innovation, collaboration during the development work and the role of public subsidies in the innovation process. Firm- and sector-specific factors in turn consisted of the knowledge base of the innovating firm, the size of the firm and the environment in which the innovation was developed. The starting point for the analysis was a unique innovation database collected by the VTT Group for Technology Studies. The database consists of basic information on some 1600 Finnish innovations commercialised in Finland mainly during the 1980s and 1990s and more detailed survey data on some 800 innovations. The analysis was based on a subgroup of this survey data, consisting of 768 innovations. Patent data and firm-level information were linked to the survey data. The results indicate the importance of scientific and technological knowledge in developing radical or complex innovations. The importance of scientific breakthroughs and new technologies as well as collaboration with universities and research centres was pronounced in the case of radical or complex innovations. On the other hand, innovations originating mainly from competitive pressure were more likely to be incremental. The role of public subsidies in research and development work was highlighted in the development of radical or complex innovations. The results also suggest that the environment in which innovations are developed has an effect on the type of innovative activity. Technological opportunities differ among sectors, which is reflected especially in the complexity of innovation. Favourable demand conditions in turn enhance the development of complex innovations, while at the same time allowing room for incremental innovations through more extensive product differentiation.
  • Wang, Jue (Helsingin yliopisto, 2015)
    Forest carbon offset projects have been growing vigorously in China in the last ten years. It is necessary to form an overall picture of the projects, to analyze the quality of their development processes, and to shed light on the development of upcoming projects. In order to evaluate their development process, a framework of assessment was built up and applied in practical project assessment. In this thesis, firstly, the situation of the global carbon markets and Chinese forest carbon offset projects was introduced. Especially, different international and domestic carbon accounting and other carbon related standards were presented and compared. Secondly, the previous studies about the assessment of sustainable development impacts of the forestry carbon projects were reviewed; the approaches and indicators were compared and summarized. Then, in combination with checklists and multi-criteria approaches, a new assessment framework was established, consisting of a set of indicators and a four-level scoring system. Finally, 16 Chinese forestry projects which have applied different carbon standards were evaluated with this assessment framework. Their performances were compared and analyzed, the characteristics of standards were also compared. According to the results of the assessment, the successfully registered Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects gained higher scores, suggesting their development processes were of higher quality. The projects applying Climate, Community, and Biodiversity Standards (CCBS) in pair with another carbon accounting standard also tended to get higher scores, indicating the positive effect of CCBS on the consideration of sustainable co-benefits. The international standards are stricter than domestic standards, which can be seen from the comprehensiveness and meticulousness of the Project Design Documents (PDDs). The result of the assessment corresponds to the previous understanding about the projects and standards, which supports the validity of the assessment framework.
  • Mäkeläinen, Aleksi (Helsingfors universitet, 2013)
    This paper aims to find out how should a Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system development process be organized in a functional organization in order to make it as efficient as possible. A real global organization and their ERP development process currently in use at their site in Helsinki Finland is being used as an example of the structure and functionality of these systems as well as the challenges which organizations usually face in the post-implementation phase of ERP systems. The name of the company has been classified since the research contains some classified information. The target Company is currently in the post-implementation phase of their new ERP system which went live a few years ago. I will describe the tools currently in use as well as their functionality as accurately as possible. The main objective of this thesis is to find out new ways to organize a development process in a functionally organized organization such as the target Company. One of the biggest challenges for the target Company (considering IT) is change management – how to control all the changes taking place in a constantly evolving business environment where changes in the ERP-system are not limited to one system or one location? The governance model in use at the target Company is being used as an example of the functionality of the development tools which can be used in order to ensure the integration of global and local solutions. Their system is compared to other models found from literature and other real-life organizations. Main references in the theoretical part are theories from the field of sociology as well as especially chosen theories from the field of organizational studies with a sociological twist. The most important referred academics are: Wanda J. Orlikowski, Hyötyläinen & Kalliokoski, Harold J. Leavitt, Shayne C. Kavanagh, Nurminen, Reijonen & Vuorenheimo and McLaughlin & Skinner. In the empirical part ERP implementations are not being studied just as technological changes, they are observed as larger multidimensional social processes involving individual agents, technologies and job requirements as well as other key elements of change. Since answers are sought for questions such as why some people feel the way they do towards the current process, a qualitative method has been chosen as the scientific method of this research. The target Company employee’s general feeling towards the current change process has been concretized by interviewing 18 participants from different organizational functions and several levels of organizational hierarchy. Five general themes typical to each organizational function are lined up. The idea of the qualitative analysis is to find out key discourses and themes of all of the functions, and underline themes and discourses that seem to be universal to the organization in question. After analyzing the discourses and themes on an organizational level, five universal problematic discourses remain. Eventually five 'development ideas' aimed to solve them are presented as the final analytical implications. The development ideas presented in this thesis help the target Company to streamline their current development process, future implementation projects as well as their current management processes related to the ERP development process.