Browsing by Subject "difference"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-5 of 5
  • Louvrier, Jonna (Hanken School of Economics, 2013)
    Economics and Society – 259
    In many countries diversity management has become an increasingly common way of treating differences between people in the world of work. Companies may sign diversity charters to show their engagement in promoting diversity, design and implement diversity management programmes, and communicate about their diversity initiatives to internal and external stakeholders. But what does diversity in the workplace mean? Who is defined as being different? And what do those defined as being different think about diversity and difference in work? By addressing these questions this book sheds light on the complex meanings of diversity management. The meanings of diversity management have long been developed and discussed in relation to equality and anti-discrimination policy and practice. A key question has been whether diversity management is a better way to enhance equality between organisational members or, on the contrary, is it diluting the results of equality approaches. The scope of this study is broader and shows that meanings of diversity management are constructed by drawing on not only knowledge about equality and anti-discrimination, but also understandings of society, the organisation, the individual, and the nature of differences. The study is informed by poststructuralist theory and based on interview data produced with 23 diversity managers and 52 ethnic minority employees in diversity promoting organisations in Finland and France. The findings contribute to the field of diversity management in several ways. First of all, the results show that there is no unitary meaning of diversity, difference and diversity management, but a number of discourses together forming the complexity and variety of what diversity management can come to mean in a given context and at a given point of time. Secondly, the findings challenge the idea that diversity management initiatives would be based solely on essentialist views of difference. However, the findings also show that even when differences are seen to be socially constructed, the organisation is not seen as participating in the construction of differences and in the production of related inequalities. Thirdly, the findings show that ethnic minority employees rarely draw on their differences as positive resources in work, and that they often are left alone to manage challenging situations related to difference, even in organisations promoting diversity. Lastly, the study highlights the importance of being attentive to national societal context, as discursively constructed, throughout the research process.
  • Nieminen, Pekka J.; Saksman, Eero (2004)
  • Varava, Margarita (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    This thesis critically engages with various approaches to political inclusion. I show that certain difficulties in their perspectives on language as a candidate for conveying representation and recognition of new agents in public space can be observed. I focus on the moral limitations of these approaches, particularly the issue of articulating identities as a form of suppression; confining the political performance of individuals to frames of political identities; the problematic engagement of excluded agents in existing discourses that are embedded in particular power structures; and normative justification of moral permissibility concerning political agendas of new political agents. In the first chapter, I analyze the normative foundations of inclusion in the theories of Luce Irigaray (‘I-you’-identities), Chantal Mouffe and Ernesto Laclau (‘we-them’-identities), as well as the cosmopolitan political project (‘we’-identities) in detail. In the second chapter, I critically investigate and analyze strategies of inclusion by means of articulation in these approaches. Finally, the third chapter outlines problematic moral implications of these approaches in order to close a gap within the current scientific debate on this topic and provide foundations of possible future research. Questions addressed there include: Why favor inclusion at all? Which mechanisms of inclusion would be better than the existing ones? Should inclusion aspire to allow for differences and inclusion on terms that are insensitive to differences?
  • Ciulinaru, Dragos (Helsingfors universitet, 2011)
    This thesis approaches a mass media campaign against urban rudeness as a form of public deliberation. The goal is to examine the structuring role of politics of difference and modern media on a person’s participation in public sphere. The theoretical framework is based on Jurgen Habermas’s normative concept of public sphere, and on the revisions brought to it so that it better accommodated issues of difference and that it responded to the evolutions in the field of media and communication. The media campaign chosen for study used the internet extensively. The public had a substantial input in producing the content. None the least, the initiators envisaged the campaign as a space of regrouping and retaliation for a particular category of urban inhabitants. By using an analysis method based on the discourse-historical approach, the stories of encounter with the 'urban rude' are examined as discursive practices intended to warrant a particular version of the relations between Bucharest’s groups of dwellers. Through these practices are justified systems of classification and practices of division. The findings point to particular groups being constructed in terms of deviations from the norms. These groups’ presence in the urban public space and in the public sphere is relegated. A privately owned media organization’s interest exacerbated differentiation and had a major impact on the qualities of public deliberation. Despite their potential to enhance democratic validity of the concept of the public sphere in what difference is concerned, use of modern interactive media and the formation of counter-discursive arenas resulted in anti democratic and anti egalitarian outcomes.
  • Goater, Georgina (2019)
    This thesis is the written component of artistic-pedagogical event Patella-floating bone that was created in collaboration with Theatre Pedagogy peer Elina Sarno, and performed over a four-night season in the Spring of 2018 at the Theatre Academy of Helsinki. My research is an enquiry into the relational in-between spaces of a diverse artistic working group with dance and theatre practices as the frame for sensory exploration and making. Disability and difference as diverse embodied perceptions come to interrelate in a co-creative, process-oriented and practice-based mode of making, within a landscape of nonhuman material things as equal agents in opening other relational spaces and embodiments to sense with. The research examines the phenomena in and of the process, how artistic practice and the ecology of interdependence emerge, interweave and inform creative art pedagogy in action. The work studies the performative experience of practice and audience experiences within a cohabited immersive setting. The main question that mobilised this research is: how does interrelational sensing occur between divers embodied perceptions and mobilise processes of art making and learning? The work suggests that through artistic practice which privileges embodied sensory exploration in the context of diversity and the call of materiality, the in-between spaces become foregrounded as fields of events unfolding, arising phenomena and knowledge-making. The group’s diversity of embodied perceptual differences informs and develops artistic enquiry through engaging in practice, co-creation and performance, harnessing pedagogical value in the very seeds of process. The group ecology of the shared in-between spaces becomes the generator for these relational experiences in the making. The research in the thesis engages philosophical and artistic theories with particular reference to Erin Manning’s understanding of agencement, and to disability discourse in dance by Ann Cooper Albright, to reflect and critique broader societal frames of dominant structures. Dialogical pedagogy theories and self-reflective research, as pedagogue and facilitator of emerging unknowns within the group ecology, move through a phenomenological landscape of knowledge-making processes. The performance outcome becomes a motor of playful exploration, yet in itself not an outcome but a practice in process within a cohabited shared space, in which audience are invited to participate through sensory perceptual ways to the in-betweenness of the diverse group embodiment, dissolving nonhuman / human dichotomies along with ableist dichotomies. I intend a mode of facilitation that opens to collaboration, that surrenders the pedagogy to a group artistic agent and to an immanent directionality in art, while honouring the role.