Browsing by Subject "digital divide"

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  • Valimaki, Maritta; Kuosmanen, Lauri; Hatonen, Heli; Koivunen, Marita; Pitkanen, Anneli; Athanasopoulou, Christina; Anttila, Minna (2017)
    Purpose: Information and communication technologies have been developed for a variety of health care applications and user groups in the field of health care. This study examined the connectivity to computers and the Internet among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs). Patients and methods: A cross-sectional survey design was used to study 311 adults with SSDs from the inpatient units of two psychiatric hospitals in Finland. The data collection lasted for 20 months and was done through patients' medical records and a self-reported, structured questionnaire. Data analysis included descriptive statistics. Results: In total, 297 patients were included in this study (response rate =96%). More than half of them (n=156; 55%) had a computer and less than half of them (n=127; 44%) had the Internet at home. Of those who generally had access to computers and the Internet, more than one-fourth (n=85; 29%) used computers daily, and > 30% (n=96; 33%) never accessed the Internet. In total, approximately one-fourth of them (n=134; 25%) learned to use computers, and less than one-third of them (n=143; 31%) were known to use the Internet by themselves. Older people (aged 45-65 years) and those with less years of education (primary school) tended not to use the computers and the Internet at all (P <0.001), and younger people and those with higher education were associated with more active use. Conclusion: Patients had quite good access to use computers and the Internet, and they mainly used the Internet to seek information. Social, occupational, and psychological functioning (which were evaluated with Global Assessment of Functioning) were not associated with access to and frequency of computer and the Internet use. The results support the use of computers and the Internet as part of clinical work in mental health care.
  • Mäensivu, V (Kela, 2002)
    Sosiaali- ja terveysturvan tutkimuksia 71
    Tutkimuksessa selvitetään ikääntyvän väestönosan tämänhetkisiä viestintävalmiuksia uuden, muotoutumassa olevan digitaalisen palvelukulttuurin taustaa vasten. Ikääntyneiden viestintävalmiudet osoittautuivat nuorempia ikäryhmiä heikommiksi kaikilla viestintävalmiuksien osa-alueilla. Viestintävalmiuksien heikkouteen vaikuttavana digitaalisen kahtiajakautumisen riskitekijänä oli ikääntymisen ohella alhainen koulutustaso. Myös pääasiallinen toiminta ja asuinpaikka vaikuttivat viestintävalmiuksiin. Sukupuolella sen sijaan ei ollut merkitsevää yhteyttä viestintävalmiuksiin kokonaisuutena. Ikäihmisille tehdyt teemahaastattelut ja käytettävyystestit osoittivat, että heillä oli valmiuksia oppia uusien viestimien käyttöä. He myös suhtautuivat digitaaliseen viestintään pääosin myönteisesti. Sekä ikäihmiset itse että digitaalisten palveluiden suunnittelun asiantuntijat toivat kuitenkin esiin tärkeyden säilyttää perinteiset asiointimahdollisuudet uusien rinnalla. Ikääntyneistä lähes kaksi kolmasosaa ilmaisi selkeästi asioivansa mieluummin perinteisesti sähköisen asioinnin sijasta, nuoremmista taas noin kolmasosa.
  • Obeng-Odoom, F. (2019)
    The intellectual marginalisation of Africa is often explained in terms of the lack of human capital. However, the peripheralization and systemic neglect of excellent research published in Africa problematise the human capital thesis and, ironically, demonstrate that the appeal to ‘Southern theory’ is not a panacea either. Although these perspectives are quite distinct, both seek to explain, and ultimately redress, Africa’s intellectual marginalisation apart from, not as part of, Africa’s marginalised position in the world system. The growing gulf between the use of knowledge produced in Africa and that in the metropole as well as little metropoles in the continent is patterned after global inequalities–not just differences in levels of human capital or the underappreciation of African knowledge systems. The historical and continuing concentration of the instruments of knowledge production in the hands of elites, the inferiorisation of the contribution of Africans, especially women, and the peripheralization of African outlets of production and dissemination have been central to the creation and persistence of this intellectual marginalisation. Creating structures of dependence and imitative research neither critical of, nor confrontational to, power imbalances is one outcome which, in turn, further legitimises the status quo because its resulting knowledge is unlikely to challenge the hegemony of the global north. This knowledge hierarchy reinforces the privileged status of knowledge produced in the north, while seeking to undermine the potential transformative power of southern knowledge. If so, merely seeking to develop ‘Southern theory’ is an ineffective alternative to the human capital thesis. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.