Browsing by Subject "domestic pig"

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  • Ruusunen, Marita; Puolanne, Eero (Elsevier, 2004)
    This study reports the results of a comparison of the histochemical properties of various types of porcine muscles in wild and domestic pigs. In domestic pigs, the influence of growth rates on these properties were studied in five muscles: longissimus dorsi (LD), semimembranosus (SM), gluteus superficialis (GS), infra spinam (IS) and masseter (MAS). The growth rate was expressed as (i) live weight (LW) at 165 ± 2d and (ii) daily LW gain from day 88 to day 165 (DG) on the experimental diet. LD, SM, GS and IS of wild pigs were found to contain a higher area percentage of oxidative type IIA fibres (type IIA%area) and a lower percentage area of glycolytic type IIB fibres (type IIB%area) than the same muscles of domestic pigs. The capillary density in the light muscles (LD, SM, GS) of wild pigs was twice that of domestic pigs, indicating higher oxidative capacity. In domestic pigs the cross sectional area of type IIB fibres (CSAIIB) was markedly larger than the cross sectional area of type I (CSAI) and IIA (CSAIIA) fibres. The average fibre cross sectional area (CSAfibre) was about the same in the muscles of wild and domestic pigs except in LD and SM, where the average fibre cross sectional area was approximately 25% smaller in wild pigs than in domestic pigs. This difference was caused by the large cross sectional area of type IIB fibres in the light muscles of domestic pigs. In the light muscles of domestic pigs, the cross sectional area of type IIA fibres increased most with increasing growth rate. Growth rate influences muscle fibre properties only in light muscles, not in dark muscles.
  • Olsen, A.; Berg, R.; Tagel, M.; Must, K.; Deksne, G.; Enemark, H.L.; Alban, L.; Johansen, M.V.; Nielsen, H.V.; Sandberg, M.; Lundén, A.; Stensvold, C.R.; Pires, S.M.; Jokelainen, P. (2019)
    Background: Toxoplasma gondii is an important foodborne zoonotic parasite. Meat of infected animals is presumed to constitute a major source of human infection and may be a driver of geographical variation in the prevalence of anti-T. gondii antibodies in humans, which is substantial in the Nordic-Baltic region in northern Europe. However, data on seroprevalence of T. gondii in different animal species used for human consumption are scattered. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of seroprevalence studies and meta-analysis to estimate the seroprevalence of T. gondii in five animal species that are raised or hunted for human consumption in the Nordic-Baltic region: domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus), sheep (Ovis aries), cattle (Bos taurus), wild boars (Sus scrofa), and moose (Alces alces). We searched for studies that were conducted between January 1990 and June 2018, and reported in articles, theses, conference abstracts and proceedings, and manuscripts. Subgroup analyses were performed to identify variables influencing the seroprevalence. Findings: From a total of 271 studies identified in the systematic review, 32 were included in the meta-analysis. These comprised of 13 studies on domestic pigs, six on sheep, three on cattle, six on wild boars, and four on moose. The estimated pooled seroprevalence of T. gondii was 6% in domestic pigs (CI 95% : 3–10%), 23% in sheep (CI 95% : 12–36%), 7% in cattle (CI 95% : 1–21%), 33% in wild boars (CI 95% : 26–41%), and 16% in moose (CI 95% : 10–23%). High heterogeneity was observed in the seroprevalence data within each species. In all host species except wild boars, the pooled seroprevalence estimates were significantly higher in animals >1 year of age than in younger animals. Not all studies provided information on animal age, sensitivity and specificity of the serological method employed, and the cut-off values used for defining an animal seropositive. Conclusions: A substantial proportion of animals raised or hunted for human consumption in the region had tested positive for T. gondii. This indicates widespread exposure to T. gondii among animals raised or hunted for human consumption in the region. Large variations were observed in the seroprevalence estimates between the studies in the region; however, studies were too few to identify spatial patterns at country-level. © 2019