Browsing by Subject "drama education"

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  • Toivanen, Tapio; Halkilahti, Laura; Ruismäki, Heikki (2013)
  • Seppänen, Sirke; Toivanen, Tapio; Makkonen, Tommi; Jääskeläinen, Iiro P; Anttonen, Mikko; Tiippana, Kaisa (2020)
    Objectives Teaching involves multiple performance situations, potentially causing psychosocial stress. Since the theater-based improvisation method is associated with diminished social stress, we investigated whether improvisation lessened student teachers’ stress responses using the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST; preparatory phase, public speech, and math task). Moreover, we studied the influence of interpersonal confidence (IC) – the belief regarding one’s capability related to effective social interactions – on stress responses. Methods The intervention group (n = 19) received a 7-week (17.5 h) improvisation training, preceded and followed by the TSST. We evaluated experienced stress using a self-report scale, while physiological stress was assessed before (silent 30-s waiting period) and during the TSST tasks using cardiovascular measures (heart rate, heart rate variability [HRV]), electrodermal activation, facial electromyography (f-EMG), and EEG asymmetry. Hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA-axis) reactivity was assessed through repeated salivary cortisol sampling. Results Compared to the control group (n = 16), the intervention group exhibited less f-EMG activity before a public speech and higher HRV before the math task. The low IC intervention subgroup reported significantly less stress during the math task. The controls showed a decreased heart rate before the math task, and controls with a low IC exhibited higher HRV during the speech. Self-reported stress and cortisol levels were positively correlated during the post-TSST preparatory phase. Conclusions These findings suggest that improvisation training might diminish stress levels, specifically before a performance. In addition, interpersonal confidence appears to reduce stress responses. The decreased stress responses in the control group suggest adaptation through repetition. Keywords: Improvisation; Anticipatory anxiety; Interpersonal confidence; Psychophysiology; Teacher education; Trier Social Stress Test
  • Toivanen, Tapio; Pyykkö, Anu Emilia (2012)
  • Anttila, Rosa (Helsingfors universitet, 2015)
    Objectives. In this study, the aim is to examine pupils' behaviour and behaviour management in drama lessons. Drama education is based on student-centred teaching and experimental learning, which is seen as a challenge for behaviour management and a huge risk for misbehaviour. On the other hand, in drama education pupils learn through creating and producing different solutions in groups, which is not possible in a strictly controlled environment. The aim of the study is also to clarify whether the behaviour management prevents group creativity in drama. At the same time, in this study, the observation tool of The Class Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) and its suitability for analysing the behaviour management of drama will be evaluated. Methods. This study is defined as a qualitative case study. The subject of the study was eight drama lessons for pupils ranging from first to third graders. The research material consisted of secondary video data that had been shot in drama lessons of four class teachers all specialised in drama. The material was analysed by using the behaviour management section of the CLASS tool and by categorising the situations of misbehaviour and the means of behaviour management. The results were then compared to previous study results of creative action in the drama lessons. Results and conclusions. The research shows that the pupils behaved as per the expectations and there were only minor occasions of misbehaviour in the lessons. Pupil behaviour received mainly high grades (6–7 on a scale of 1–7) while the grades of behaviour management were constantly lower (3,5–6 on a scale of 1–7). Behaviour management was based on reactivity instead of proactivity. The results endorse previous information that pupil compliance is supported by persistent prevention including created and sustained drama contract as well as active working for good group relations and positive atmosphere. Pupil behaviour was at its best when the teachers did not constantly control the pupils. Previous research shows that high-quality behaviour management supports group creativity in drama. CLASS tool is seen suitable for analysing behaviour management in drama lessons especially when considering drama elements such as the drama contract and pupil devotion.
  • Toivanen, Tapio; Antikainen, Liisa; Ruismäki, Heikki (2012)