Browsing by Subject "e-commerce"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-5 of 5
  • Cheng, Yun (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    Furniture is one of the most important necessities in people’s daily life. The development of furniture industry can also be regarded as the progress of society. China is the world’s biggest furniture manufacturer and exporter. After the rapid development in past few decades, the production, technology and quality of furniture has already mature. However, the traditional marketing models are showing disadvantages. It is important for furniture companies to explore profitable marketing models to grasp the market demands and obtain competitive advantages. In recent years, China's e-commerce saw a rapid development and is being used in different sectors such as clothes, shoes, books and beauty products. E-commerce platform is based on the internet, and it decreases the costs and makes shopping more convenient without the limitations on space and time. Chinese Premier Li Keqiang first landed out “Internet Plus” strategy in his government work report in 2015. The aim of this strategy is to promote the transformation of traditional manufacturing industries by using cloud computing, big data and internet of things based on the e-commerce platform. As a new concept, researchers seldom mention the operation of the e-commerce based internet plus strategy in the furniture industry. To fill this gap, this study was based on the perspective of companies, making practical explanations on internet plus and analyzed its application in furniture industry. In the methodology part, the business model canvas was applied to make qualitative analysis on the industrial level. Case study was also adopted to give quantitative support with the market data. Conclusion and discussions raised suggestions for future development and further studies.
  • Parviainen, Simo-Pekka (Helsingfors universitet, 2000)
    Certain software products employing digital techniques for encryption of data are subject to export controls in the EU Member States pursuant to Community law and relevant laws in the Member States. These controls are agreed globally in the framework of the so-called Wassenaar Arrangement. Wassenaar is an informal non-proliferation regime aimed at promoting international stability and responsibility in transfers of strategic (dual-use) products and technology. This thesis covers provisions of Wassenaar, Community export control laws and export control laws of Finland, Sweden, Germany, France and United Kingdom. This thesis consists of five chapters. The first chapter discusses the ratio of export control laws and the impact they have on global trade. The ratio is originally defence-related - in general to prevent potential adversaries of participating States from having the same tools, and in particular in the case of cryptographic software to enable signals intelligence efforts. Increasingly as the use of cryptography in a civilian context has mushroomed, export restrictions can have negative effects on civilian trade. Information security solutions may also be took weak because of export restrictions on cryptography. The second chapter covers the OECD's Cryptography Policy, which had a significant effect on its member nations' national cryptography policies and legislation. The OECD is a significant organization,because it acts as a meeting forum for most important industrialized nations. The third chapter covers the Wassenaar Arrangement. The Arrangement is covered from the viewpoint of international law and politics. The Wassenaar control list provisions affecting cryptographic software transfers are also covered in detail. Control lists in the EU and in Member States are usually directly copied from Wassenaar control lists. Controls agreed in its framework set only a minimum level for participating States. However, Wassenaar countries can adopt stricter controls. The fourth chapter covers Community export control law. Export controls are viewed in Community law as falling within the domain of Common Commercial Policy pursuant to Article 133 of the EC Treaty. Therefore the Community has exclusive competence in export matters, save where a national measure is authorized by the Community or falls under foreign or security policy derogations established in Community law. The Member States still have a considerable amount of power in the domain of Common Foreign and Security Policy. They are able to maintain national export controls because export control laws are not fully harmonized. This can also have possible detrimental effects on the functioning of internal market and common export policies. In 1995 the EU adopted Dual-Use Regulation 3381/94/EC, which sets common rules for exports in Member States. Provisions of this regulation receive detailed coverage in this chapter. The fifth chapter covers national legislation and export authorization practices in five different Member States - in Finland, Sweden, Germany, France and in United Kingdom. Export control laws of those Member States are covered when the national laws differ from the uniform approach of the Community's acquis communautaire.
  • Yigitbasioglu, Ogan (Svenska handelshögskolan, 2008)
    Economics and Society
    As companies become more efficient with respect to their internal processes, they begin to shift the focus beyond their corporate boundaries. Thus, the recent years have witnessed an increased interest by practitioners and researchers in interorganizational collaboration, which promises better firm performance through more effective supply chain management. It is no coincidence that this interest comes in parallel with the recent advancements in Information and Communication Technologies, which offer many new collaboration possibilities for companies. However, collaboration, or any other type of supply chain integration effort, relies heavily on information sharing. Hence, this study focuses on information sharing, in particular on the factors that determine it and on its value. The empirical evidence from Finnish and Swedish companies suggests that uncertainty (both demand and environmental) and dependency in terms of switching costs and asset specific investments are significant determinants of information sharing. Results also indicate that information sharing improves company performance regarding resource usage, output, and flexibility. However, companies share information more intensely at the operational rather than the strategic level. The use of supply chain practices and technologies is substantial but varies across the two countries. This study sheds light on a common trend in supply chains today. Whereas the results confirm the value of information sharing, the contingent factors help to explain why the intensity of information shared across companies differ. In the future, competitive pressures and uncertainty are likely to intensify. Therefore, companies may want to continue with their integration efforts by focusing on the determinants discussed in this study. However, at the same time, the possibility of opportunistic behavior by the exchange partner cannot be disregarded.
  • Basu, Shreya (2021)
    This paper investigates the incentives of e-commerce platforms to show personalized recommendations and its effects on performance. A theoretical framework is developed that characterizes the optimal decision policy of a firm, given current state of shoppers. The key finding is that the firm must always show recommendations to shoppers in the high state above a certain price or value threshold. In the low state, recommending is optimal if the "salience effect" is above a threshold that maximizes discounted future stream of profits. An empirical model provides support to the theoretical findings, highlighting the reputation effects of personalized recommendations, using browsing and purchase data from a Finnish multi-product platform. While recommendations are associated with a 29% increase in firm revenue, relevance of such recommendations potentially boost revenue by a significant 30%. Furthermore, strong evidence is presented that consumer state is endogenous in firm revenue regressions. A three-step IV process extracts the direct effect of consumer state on revenue which shows positive association between reputation effects and firm performance.
  • Kai, Zhan (2003)
    This research is focused on the quality uncertainty and market efficiency in E-commerce. The purpose of this study is to analyse the economics of lemons market in electronic commerce. In addition, I try to find methods to deal with this problem. Electronic commerce is presenting an exciting opportunity to reduce transaction costs, but its future may depend on how non-technological but fundamentally economic issues such as the lemons problems are solved, or it will essentially lead to the market failure. Repeat purchases play an important role in my analysis. In my opinion, one of the main reasons why electronic commerce players are losing money is because high-quality products cannot receive higher prices in high-quality markets. Due to lack of sufficient informed consumers, firms have to spend on dissipative advertising to signal product quality and consumers have to pay higher prices for high-quality products. By so doing, market efficiency cannot achieve. Thus, how to make consumers informed is the core of the problem of resolving lemons problems. I suggest that electronic intermediaries may provide information about product quality to consumers and reduce quality uncertainty. Actually, none of price, advertising and intermediaries is reliable to signal product quality. In order to reduce quality uncertainty and improve market efficiency, sellers are responsible to provide adequate information to buyers. Similarly, buyers should inform their preferences and tastes to sellers. My hope is that lemons could be turned into lemonade.