Browsing by Subject "edema"

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  • Oksa, Marko; Haapanen, Aleksi; Furuholm, Jussi; Thoren, Hanna; Snäll, Johanna (2021)
    The authors' aim was to evaluate the effect of perioperative systemic dexamethasone (DXM) administration on postoperative pain, edema, and trismus in mandibular fracture patients. The authors conducted a prospective randomized study of 45 patients with one or 2 noncomminuted fractures of the dentate part of the mandible. All patients underwent surgery for intraoral miniplate fixation. Patients in the study group were given a total of 30 mg DXM, while patients in the control group received neither DXM nor placebo. Only paracetamol and opioids were served as analgesics. Pain severity was assessed using the visual analog scale. The effect in facial swelling was measured in centimeters and analyzed as percentage change. Trismus was evaluated as the difference in maximal mouth opening by measuring interincisal distance in millimeters. The Mann-Whitney U test was applied to determine the statistical significance of differences between the groups. Thirty-four patients were included in the statistical analysis. The visual analog scale score was significantly lower in the study group than in the control group at 18 hours postoperatively (P = 0.033). Significant differences in edema or trismus were not found postoperatively between the DXM and control groups. In conclusion, perioperative DXM decreases postoperative pain in mandibular fracture patients when nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are not used, but it does not seem to be effective in reducing edema or trismus.
  • Wu, Teddy Y.; Putaala, Jukka; Sharma, Gagan; Strbian, Daniel; Tatlisumak, Turgut; Davis, Stephen M.; Meretoja, Atte (2017)
    Background-Hyperglycemia may be associated with worse outcome after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We assessed the association of early glycemic trajectory on ICH mortality and edema growth. Methods and Results-We included patients from the Helsinki ICH study with glucose measurements at least once between both 0 to 24 and 24 to 72 hours from onset. Hyperglycemia was defined as blood glucose >= 8 mmol/L (144 mg/dL) based on the local threshold for treatment. Glycemic trajectory was defined on maximum values 0 to 24 and 24 to 72 hours after ICH: (1) persistent normoglycemia in both epochs; (2) late hyperglycemia (only between 24 and 72 hours); (3) early hyperglycemia (only before 24 hours); and (4) persistent hyperglycemia in both epochs. Logistic regression with known predictors of outcome estimated the association of glycemic trajectory and 6-month mortality. A generalized linear model assessed the association of glycemic trajectory and interpolated 72-hour edema extension distance. A total of 576 patients met eligibility criteria, of whom 214 (37.2%) had persistent normoglycemia, 44 (7.6%) late hyperglycemia, 151 (26.2%) early hyperglycemia, and 167 (29.0%) persistent hyperglycemia. Six-month mortality was higher in the persistent (51.1%) and early (26.3%) hyperglycemia groups than the normoglycemia (19.0%) and late hyperglycemia (3.6%) groups. Persistent hyperglycemia was associated with 6-month mortality (odds ratio 3.675, 95% CI 1.989-6.792; P <0.001). Both univariate (P=0.426) and multivariable (P=0.493) generalized linear model analyses showed no association between glycemic trajectory and 72-hour edema extension distance. Conclusion-Early hyperglycemia after ICH is harmful if it is persistent. Strategies to achieve glycemic control after ICH may influence patient outcome and need to be assessed in clinical trials.