Browsing by Subject "employee engagement"

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  • Sahimaa, Jaakko Viljami (Helsingin yliopisto, 2017)
    Goal Reason for this research is to examine the relationships between psychological basic needs (autonomy, competence, relatedness ) + benevolance, meaningful work, job satisfaction, employee engagement, self-reported performance and extra-role performance. The aim for this research is to find out if there is a mediative role of meaningful work between psychological basic needs and four outcomes. In previous research psychological basic needs and meaningful work has been related to multiple beneficial individual and organizational level outcomes. In this research four of those outcomes are considered Method Data for this research was collected with a web survey via Internet during summer 2017. Data was collected also from a few Finnish companies as a staff questionnaire. Data consisted of 338 participants. Relationships between variables were examined with SPSS Hayes Process Macro's regression analysis and mediation was analysed with bootstrapping method. Results Meaningful work was positively related to all four outcomes. Psychological basic needs and benevolence together were related also to all four outcomes and meaningful work mediated the relationship between psychological basic needs, benevolence and job satisfaction and employee engagement. When psychological basic needs were examined separately qualities of the relationships varied a lot and the mediative role of meaningful work wasn't so clear anymore.
  • Saarinen, Iina Johanna (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    This thesis examines employee perspectives about the concept of employee engagement and dialogical communication’s role in enacting it. It approaches simplistic and instrumentalist views with scrutiny and explores more complex and profound understandings of the definitions, value, outcomes, and antecedents of employee engagement. Employee voice has been largely absent in engagement discourse, and both engagement and communication research have overwhelmingly ignored communication’s role in enacting engagement. To expand these narrow views, the research questions in this thesis investigate how employees understand the concept of employee engagement, the tensions or problems it may entail, and the role of dialogic communication in enacting it. A case study in a Finnish energy company consisted of semi-structured, individual interviews with 10 employees from different units. Qualitative content analysis combining data-driven and concept-driven strategies functioned as the method of analysis for the interview data. The results of the analysis suggest that in addition to genuine opportunities to influence issues in a work community, employees appreciate transparency and open communication about how their voice had an effect. The interviewees considered features of dialogic communication as important antecedents of engagement, but other antecedents were meaningful as well, such as sufficient resources, clear structures and goals, and formal and informal meetings. In addition, the role of self-determination and autonomy were present in accounts of both the definitions and antecedents of employee engagement. The interviewees recognized both beneficial and adverse outcomes of engagement. Therefore, employee perspectives of engagement are more complex and versatile than suggested by previous research or hyperbolic discourses. However, the multiple meanings attached to the employee engagement concept sustains its previous problems of vagueness and indistinctiveness. The thesis highlights the need for expanding the previously narrow views of employee engagement. Demands for dialogic employee engagement challenges organizations to balance between different priorities, such as providing both agency and guidance, and encouraging diverse views while aiming for unity and shared culture.