Browsing by Subject "endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography"

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  • Jokelainen, Jarno; Mustonen, Harri; Kylänpää, Leena; Udd, Marianne; Lindström, Outi; Pöyhiä, Reino (2018)
    Background and aims: There is no consensus on how to assess the depth of sedation for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). This study was carried out in order to evaluate different methods of assessment of depth of sedation: bispectral index (BiS), modified Richmond Agitation/Sedation Scale (mRASS), modified Ramsay Sedation Scale (mRSS) and modified Observer Assessment of Alertness and Sedation (mOAAS) and their applicability to clinical practice.Methods: Two hundred patients were recruited. Sedation was given by standard clinical practice using propofol sedation or patient controlled sedation. Sedation was assessed on all patients using the above-mentioned methods. BiS was considered the reference point for sedation scales. Cronbach's alpha was calculated to determine the consistency of different scales in respect to each other and prediction probability and Spearman's correlation coefficients of sedation scales were calculated to show the relationship between sedation scales and BiS.Results: All scales showed high reliability with overall Cronbach's alpha 0.943. Dropping scales suggested better consistency between mOAAS, mRSS and mRASS than with BiS. Spearman's correlation and prediction probability showed similar results with all tested scales: mOAAS (0.695, 0.739), mRSS (0.673, 0.735), mRASS (0.683, 0.738), p
  • Udd, M.; Kylänpää, L.; Kokkola, A. (2020)
    Chronic pancreatitis is a long-term illness leading to hospital admissions and readmission. This disease is often caused by heavy alcohol consumption and smoking. Patients with chronic pancreatitis suffer from acute or chronic pain episodes, recurrent pancreatitis, and complications, such as pseudocysts, biliary duct strictures, and pancreatic duct fistulas. Pancreatic duct strictures and stones may increase intraductal pressure and cause pain. Endoscopic therapy is aiming at decompressing the pressure and relieving the pain, most commonly with pancreatic duct stents and pancreatic duct stone retrieval. Early surgery is another option to treat the pain. In addition, endotherapy has been successful in treating complications related to chronic pancreatitis. The therapy should be individually chosen in a multidisciplinary meeting. Endoscopic therapy and surgery as treatment options for chronic pancreatitis are discussed in this review.