Browsing by Subject "energia-ala"

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  • Ruggiero, Salvatore; Kangas, Hanna-Liisa; Annala, Sari; Lazarevic, David (Elsevier, 2021)
    Environmental Innovation and Societal Transition 39
    Demand response (DR) is an innovation emerging at the intersection of the energy and information and communications technology sectors. This paper aims to investigate the drivers of—and differences in—business model innovation (BMI) behaviours of firms operating in these two interacting industries. Results from 22 semi-structured interviews with representatives of Finnish DR companies show that external drivers of BMI include regulation, competition, and the demise of the telecom industry following the fall of Nokia. Whereas technology start-ups and companies from adjacent industries are motivated by entrepreneurial opportunities, incumbent energy companies are driven by the threat of losing their existing customers and need to increase efficiency. The BMI behaviours observed do not fall neatly into the often-used dichotomous categories of niche/new entrant and regime/incumbent, as firms show behaviours from both extremes. To overcome this binary thinking, we propose a morphological box model that represents the extreme states of firm BMI while allowing for flexibility.
  • Kirkinen, Johanna; Martikainen, Antti; Holttinen, Hannele; Savolainen, Ilkka; Auvinen, Osmo; Syri, Sanna (Finnish Environment Institute, 2005)
    Finnish Environment Institute Mimeographs 340 (Suomen ympäristökeskuksen moniste 340)
    Climate change is expected to have notable impacts on the energy sector. Several general-level studies exist on the plausible impacts on energy resources and exploitation of the resources, on energy production, on demand of energy and on the reliability of energy supply. This report presents a literature review on these impacts and discusses the possible adaptation measures. Energy sources considered were hydropower, wind power, bioenergy, peat, solar power, fossil fuels and nuclear power. The most notable impacts of climate change on energy sector are due to changes in precipitation, temperature, wind speed and unusual weather conditions. The main focus of the work was Finland, but due to the limited amount of available studies, the work was extended to cover also other world regions. The main impacts of climate change on energy sector in Finland are: - Moderate increase of renewable energy resources (hydro, wind, biomass). Changes in seasonal distribution of hydro inflow are likely to impact operational practice of hydropower production. The electricity system can be adapted by taking into account the changes in the availability of various resources and adding new capacity, if needed. - Possible increase in extreme weather conditions may increase faults in electricity distribution network. To minimize network faults, design requirements and management practices for electricity distribution networks should be adapted to the new conditions. - Temperature increase will lower the heating demand and increase the cooling demand. Seasonal differences in electricity demand will slightly decrease. The adaptation of the energy sector to climate change needs additional investigations. Especially renewable energy sources, the robustness of facilities, the demand of cooling energy and adaptation to extreme weather events are topics which need more studies.
  • Kinnunen, Kaisa (Kuluttajatutkimuskeskus, 2003)
    Kuluttajatutkimuskeskus. Työselosteita ja esitelmiä 79