Browsing by Subject "environmental history"

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  • Pál, Viktor; Inal, Onur (2019)
    On the night of 27 May 2013, activists mobilized via social media to save the trees at Gezi Park, near Taksim Square, one of the last public green spaces left in the main center of Istanbul on the European side. This green patch was to be destroyed in order to make way for a shopping mall. Fewer than a dozen activists managed to halt the bulldozers and prevented the park from demolition. Following severe police intervention, citizens poured into the streets to support environmental activists, and events turned into the largest resistance movement Turkey had seen for decades. The Gezi Park uprising had bitter consequences: eleven people were killed and more than 8,000 were injured. But eventually, the protesters saved the trees.
  • Pihkala, Panu (2016)
    The 1941 Malvern Conference included significant environmental statements, which have gradually been forgotten. In this article I point out their relevance and discuss their possible influence. I analyse the background of these environmental statements and suggest that British theology has probably played a stronger role in environmentalism than has previously been understood. I analyse the ecotheological positions of Malvern and William Temple in the context of a typology of ecotheological stances as developed by Willis Jenkins. While the exact influence of Malvern is difficult to assess, I refer to sources which show that its environmental content was noticed by certain prominent thinkers and contributed, for its part, to the development of ecumenical ecotheology.
  • Pihkala, Panu Petteri (2016)
    In this article, I examine the early history of Christian environmentalism (“ecotheology”) in the twentieth century. I delineate four strands of early ecotheology: agrarian ecotheology; social Christianity; British contributions; and “post-liberal” foundations for later ecotheological movements. I show that ecotheology was a slowly-rising movement, which had notable proponents. I argue that these early ecotheologians are significant for several reasons. First, these writings support the view that there are momentous roots of environmentalism in the late 19th and early 20th Century. Second, these texts reveal important information about the relation of Christian and other environmentalism. Third, early ecotheologians contributed to discussion about themes which would later form distinctive environmental disciplines, such as environmental aesthetics, education, ethics, history and philosophy. Their thoughts offer interesting reflections pointing to these fields. Fourth, the contributions by the early ecotheologians are not only historically interesting, but they have relevance for the current discussion. These theologians were in a special position to notice the major changes brought by technological development in the twentieth century and they provided important critical reflections about these issues. Because they developed their thought independently, they display creative thinking, although often in an unfinished manner.
  • Hannikainen, Matti O. (2019)
    In the early 1960s, Finland was a rapidly urbanizing country which as a process increased the amount of all sorts of waste materials produced in the growing cities. The city of Helsinki as well as the neighbouring township of Espoo experienced difficulties in locating suitable sites for their mounting waste. As a solution, Espoo proposed Laajalahti bay located between Helsinki and Espoo as a site for a new sanitary landfill. The city of Helsinki accepted the proposal setting up a joint committee to plan the landfill site in October 1963. The planning progressed slowly however given crucial changes in legislation over water conservation and in attitudes about waste management and nature conservation before the planning of the site was abandoned in May 1973. This article on environmental history analyses the conflicting perspectives over the proposed landfill site. Hence, it sheds new light on the growing impact of nature conservation as well as environmental awareness in the municipal governance in Finland.