Browsing by Subject "flipped classroom"

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  • Mehtälä, Karri (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    The aim of this Master's thesis is to study the use of videos in education. The main focus is on teachers who produce their own videos. Due to the exponential growth of audio-visual communication in social media and the internet, today's youth consume videos more than ever. In many ways schools continue to operate in the same way they have in previous decades and fail to utilize the full potential of the new medium. The theory section of this thesis consists of two chapters, which examine the use of videos in schools and the Flipped Classroom method, which is based on the idea of student-centred learning. Previous studies have shown, that the Flipped Learning method can improve student satisfaction and in some cases test results. Research findings on the qualities of a good instructional video are available. The research method chosen for this paper is one of theory-guided, qualitative content analysis. The theme-centred interview consists of three Finnish upper secondary school teachers, who had several years of experience in the making of instructional videos. Based on analysis of the semi-structured interview, three main categories were formed: videos in education, making of videos and teaching with videos. Case study as a research strategy helped to answer the main questions of why and how videos are used in schools. The study reveals, that teachers produce videos, because they want to teach in their own specific way. The teachers used other online videos only as additional material and they did not receive much collegial support. According to teachers, the Flipped Classroom method, which relies on videos as learning material, improved student and teacher satisfaction at school. It shifted the work from teaching towards guiding. The production of the videos was considered time consuming, but the student feedback was positive. Often students did not watch the videos at home, which was a problem for the teachers. In the future, the teachers want to develop and support students to produce their own videos. This could help them to understand the students' thinking processes and replace some of the written exams. Increasing the use of video at school could help develop students' media literacy, support different learning styles, encourage creativity, improve school satisfaction and narrow the communication gap between students and teachers. The findings can be applied by those who wish to produce their own instructional videos or try the Flipped Classroom method.
  • Kontinen, Marjut (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    This thesis focuses on the usage of prestudy materials in EFL teaching in Finnish basic education and the relation between this usage and the learners’ attitudes towards learning English. The research questions are the following: 1) what kinds of attitudes Finnish pupils have towards learning English, 2) what do the pupils and the teacher think about the usage of prestudy materials, and 3) does the usage of prestudy materials relate to the pupils’ attitudes towards learning English and if so, how? The study was conducted as an intervention study. The participants were in the fifth and eighth grade of Finnish basic education. There were 14 participants from each grade. The pupils’ attitudes towards learning English were measured with a questionnaire both before and after the intervention. During the intervention, both grades used prestudy materials as follows: before taking up a new unit in their textbooks in class, the teacher gave the pupils prestudy materials prepared by the researcher to be done as homework. The prestudy materials familiarised the pupils with the theme and vocabulary of the upcoming unit. In addition to measuring the pupils’ attitudes, the post-intervention questionnaire also included a section inquiring about the pupils’ experiences of the prestudy. The teacher was interviewed both before and after the intervention. The results of the study show that the pupils mainly have positive attitudes towards learning English. No clear relation between the usage of prestudy materials and the pupils’ attitudes towards learning English was found. However, the results show that the fifth graders think that the prestudy materials were beneficial. They reported being more active in class and stated that it was easier for them to understand the texts after having done the prestudy exercises. Based on the results it seems that the usage of prestudy materials is more beneficial if the subject is difficult for the learners. In contrast to the fifth graders, the eighth graders’ textbooks already included prestudy exercises, which they did in class. Based on the results, the eighth graders think that these exercises are sufficient and they do not think they need prestudy materials that are done as homework.