Browsing by Subject "focalization"

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  • Huotari, Lea M K; Määttä, Simo Kalervo (Société Néophilologique de Helsinki, 2019)
    Mémoires de la société néophilologique de Helsinki
    L’article se propose d’étudier le lien entre empathie et changement de point de vue à travers le changement de sujet grammatical en traduction littéraire finnois-français-finnois. L’analyse se concentre sur trois exemples de représentation écrite du discours direct où le sujet change entre le texte source et son texte cible. La première partie de cet article définit les notions de point de vue et d’empathie en se basant sur la littérature existante dans trois domaines distincts : la traductologie, la narratologie et la linguistique. Elle montre en outre pourquoi le sujet grammatical représente un objet d’étude privilégié pour mettre au jour le changement de point de vue. L’analyse du changement de sujet en traduction faite en deuxième partie de l’article s’appuie sur ces trois approches. La troisième partie fait le lien entre le changement de point de vue observé dans les exemples analysés et la notion d’empathisation. L’analyse de ce lien montre la complexité des rapports entre point de vue et empathie lorsque l’objet d’étude est la traduction de textes littéraires.
  • Polvinen, Merja Kristiina; Mäkelä, Maria (2018)
    Any new narratological theory faces the test of being applicable to much-analyzedclassics of prose fiction and of yielding new insights into narratives that have served as textbook examples of narrative strategies for decades. This essay is a constructed dialogue between imaginary narratologists who are paradigmatic proponents of two schools of thought in postclassical narratology: the cognitive and the unnatural. The two narratologists juxtapose their respective concepts and methodologies in an analysis of William Golding's late modernist classic The Inheritors, especially the narrative dynamics of "alien" Neanderthal focalization versus "naturalizing" Homo sapiens narration. Ultimately, The Inheritors reminds the cognitivist of how language-bound the readerly effects of estrangement and integration in internal focalization can be. Conversely, the same novel serves as an example for the unnaturalist of the paradoxical necessity for perceptual and emotional familiarization in our attempts to understand fundamental alterity. The parameters of cognitive and unnatural narratology may seem divergent at the outset, but in this essay their representatives find a common ground in an estranging reading of the enactive immersion in The Inheritors. Here the extraordinary embodiedness of the Neanderthal focalization is a key to a literary-allegorical reading of the Neanderthal mind as imagined by Golding. This reading, accomplished through a constructed debate between two paradigms, reflects the actual positions of the authors of this essay: Makela and Polvinen are both proponents of an approach that acknowledges the inherent syntheticity and linguistic overdeterminedness of a literary narrative as well as its "natural" enactivist pull toward bodily immersion.
  • Mikkonen, Kai (Routledge, 2017)
    By placing comics in a lively dialogue with contemporary narrative theory, The Narratology of Comic Art builds a systematic theory of narrative comics, going beyond the typical focus on the Anglophone tradition. This involves not just the exploration of those properties in comics that can be meaningfully investigated with existing narrative theory, but an interpretive study of the potential in narratological concepts and analytical procedures that has hitherto been overlooked. This research monograph is, then, not an application of narratology in the medium and art of comics, but a revision of narratological concepts and approaches through the study of narrative comics. Thus, while narratology is brought to bear on comics, equally comics are brought to bear on narratology.