Browsing by Subject "folklore studies"

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  • Lukin, Karina; Partanen, Niko (2021)
    Since the 1960s, a unique Komi singing and narrative tradition has been described in the Kolva region. These materials, sung in the Komi language, were beyond doubt born in interaction with Tundra Nenets sung poetry. Indeed, comparable Nenets songs have been documented from all the regions where Nenets is spoken. We use both published and archived materials to compare individual texts in detail, and show various folkloristic and linguistic parallels. We pay particular attention to shared motives and narrative phases, which we consider very important as in the current state of research where exact parallel texts between the languages cannot be found. These detailed parallel concepts, however, serve as an evidence of the shared origin of these narratives, and also tell us how these Nenets conceptualizations have been transformed when integrated into Komi tradition.
  • Savolainen, Ulla (2017)
    On the basis of the September 1944 Moscow Armistice agreement between Finland, the Soviet Union and the UK, the Finnish government was obliged to intern German and Hungarian citizens in Finland. Applying the concepts of “tellability” and “frame”, I examine how individuals (most of them children of German fathers and Finnish mothers) who were interned as minors and young people in Finland in 1944–1946 describe silence and the rupture of silence. In order to understand the interaction and dynamics between individuals’ remembering and public memory, I analyze oral history interviews of ex-internees in relation to public discussion. I argue that bringing together viewpoints of narrative analysis, oral history research and memory studies facilitates understanding of the link between the individual, private and public dimensions of memory construction. Furthermore, I suggest that the analytical concepts of tellability and frame are highly useful in understanding why some experiences and events of the past are narrated and remembered while others are forgotten or silenced.
  • Anttonen, Pertti Juhani (Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura, 2005)
    Studia Fennica, Folkloristica
  • Fingerroos, Outi; Hämäläinen, Niina; Savolainen, Ulla; Tiedekunnan yhteiset; Folkloristiikka (Suomen kansantietouden tutkijain seura, 2020)
  • Bastman, Eeva-Liisa; Kallio, Kati; Lehtonen, Tuomas M. S. (2020)
    This article examines the history of Finnish verse in the light of the concept of the vernacular. During the past decades, the vernacular has become a general term for cultural phenomena that stand in opposition to the institutional and the formal. In linguistics and literary studies, the vernacular has been used to denote the European national languages as opposed to the cosmopolitan Latin and other literary languages of the learned elites, such as Greek. Alexander Beecroft (2015) describes the vernacular as a recurring process in world history, in which culture and written literature are created in a local language, as a reaction to the prevailing cosmopolitan culture of the elites. The concept has also been applied to non-verbal activities, such as architecture and music. Unlike the concepts that include words nation, folk or popular, the vernacular is not tied to a specific group or class, while still recognizing the affiliation between forms of expression and social hierarchies. As a form of speech or as a cultural expression, the vernacular resembles the concept of linguistic register. This article examines the history of the poetic languages in Finnish verse and particularly in the epic poem Ilo-Laulu Jesuxesta by Lutheran clergyman Matthias Salamnius, published in 1690. Ilo-Laulu is a literary poem, composed according to the traditional oral metre, the Kalevala-metre, and it stands in relation to both the local oral tradition and the cosmopolitan literary tradition. By creating a dynamic discussion between the vernacular in literary and folklore studies, we explore the possibilities the concept opens for examining the history and usage of poetic registers as well as the historical dynamics between rhymed, stanzaic verse forms and Kalevala-metric verse. The article focuses on three different aspects or actualizations of the vernacular: 1) the vernacular as literarization and creation of a written poetic language in Finnish; 2) the vernacular as oral popular culture, on which literary culture can build, or which it can use as material or seek to replace; and 3) the vernacular as oral culture, capable of embracing elements from literary culture. Finally, we discuss the metrical and social changes of Finnish verse through the concept of enregisterment.