Browsing by Subject "gender gap"

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  • van der Wal, Jessica E. M.; Thorogood, Rose; Horrocks, Nicholas P. C. (2021)
    Collaboration and diversity are increasingly promoted in science. Yet how collaborations influence academic career progression, and whether this differs by gender, remains largely unknown. Here, we use co-authorship ego networks to quantify collaboration behaviour and career progression of a cohort of contributors to biennial International Society of Behavioral Ecology meetings (1992, 1994, 1996). Among this cohort, women were slower and less likely to become a principal investigator (PI; approximated by having at least three last-author publications) and published fewer papers over fewer years (i.e. had shorter academic careers) than men. After adjusting for publication number, women also had fewer collaborators (lower adjusted network size) and published fewer times with each co-author (lower adjusted tie strength), albeit more often with the same group of collaborators (higher adjusted clustering coefficient). Authors with stronger networks were more likely to become a PI, and those with less clustered networks did so more quickly. Women, however, showed a stronger positive relationship with adjusted network size (increased career length) and adjusted tie strength (increased likelihood to become a PI). Finally, early-career network characteristics correlated with career length. Our results suggest that large and varied collaboration networks are positively correlated with career progression, especially for women.
  • Sell, Mila; Backman, Stefan; TettehAnang, Benjamin; Niemi, Jarkko K. (2018)
    There is an assumed gap in efficiency between male and female farmers. Identifying the constraints of women farmers causing the gap is essential for improving local food security and well-being. Using stochastic frontier analysis, we compare the efficiency of men, women and jointly managed maize plots in Uganda and look at factors associated with inefficiency of women. Our results show that the average technical efficiency of women is lower than that of men or jointly managed plots. However, in relation to a group-specific frontier, the women are highly efficient. Women's inefficiency is associated with several household features. The overall number of household members has a negative effect on efficiency, suggesting that women are time constrained by the efforts they put into household productive work. There also seems to be an association between efficiency and cash-crop farming, disadvantaging women who more commonly grow crops for household consumption.