Browsing by Subject "genome skimming"

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  • Poczai, Péter; Amiryousefi, Ali; Hyvönen, Jaakko (2017)
    In this study, we announce the complete chloroplast genome sequence of Nicotiana attenuata. The genome sequence of 155,941 bp consists of two inverted repeat (IRa and IRb) regions of 25,438 bp each, a large single-copy (LSC) region of 86,513 bp and a small single-copy (SSC) region of 18,524 bp. The overall GC content is 37.9% and the GC contents of LSC, IRs, and SSC are 36%, 43.2%, and 32.1%, respectively. The plastome with 129 annotated unique genes includes 84 protein-coding genes, 37 tRNA genes, and 8 rRNA genes. Using the whole chloroplast genome sequences alignment of 16 Solanaceae species a phylogenetic hypothesis is presented validating the position of N. attenuata within Nicotianeae.
  • Sablok, Gaurav; Amiryousefi, Ali; He, Xiaolan; Hyvönen, Jaakko Tapani; Poczai, Péter (2019)
    We report the first plastome sequence of giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida); with this new genome information, we assessed the phylogeny of Asteraceae and the transcriptional profiling against glyphosate resistance in giant ragweed. Assembly and genic features show a normal angiosperm quadripartite plastome structure with no signatures of deviation in gene directionality. Comparative analysis revealed large inversions across the plastome of giant ragweed and the previously sequenced members of the plant family. Asteraceae plastid genomes contain two inversions of 22.8 and 3.3 kb; the former is located between trnS-GCU and trnG-UCC genes, and the latter between trnE-UUC and trnT-GGU genes. The plastid genome sequences of A. trifida and the related species, Ambrosia artemisiifolia, are identical in gene content and arrangement, but they differ in length. The phylogeny is well-resolved and congruent with previous hypotheses about the phylogenetic relationship of Asteraceae. Transcriptomic analysis revealed divergence in the relative expressions at the exonic and intronic levels, providing hints toward the ecological adaptation of the genus. Giant ragweed shows various levels of glyphosate resistance, with introns displaying higher expression patterns at resistant time points after the assumed herbicide treatment.
  • Amiryousefi, Ali; Hyvönen, Jaakko; Poczai, Péter (2017)
  • Amiryousefi, Ali; Hyvönen, Jaakko; Poczai, Péter (2017)