Browsing by Subject "health-related quality of life"

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  • Pulkkinen, Maria; Jousela, Irma; Sintonen, Harri; Engblom, Janne; Salanterä, Sanna; Junttila, Kristiina (2021)
    Aims: To explore the effectiveness of a new perioperative practice model on anxiety and health-related quality of life in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty under spinal anaesthesia. Design: A randomized clinical trial. Methods: Control group participants (N = 222) received standard perioperative care, meaning they were cared for by various nurses during their perioperative process without postoperative visits. Intervention group participants (N = 231) were assigned one named anaesthesia nurse during their entire perioperative process who visited them postoperatively. Both groups responded to two self-reported questionnaires: the generic 15D health-related quality of life instrument and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) measuring anxiety two to three weeks pre-operatively and three months postoperatively. Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the groups at baseline or at follow-up in health-related quality of life or anxiety.
  • Saarela, R. K. T.; Savikko, N. M.; Soini, H.; Muurinen, S.; Suominen, M. H.; Kautiainen, H.; Pitkälä, K. H. (2019)
    Objectives Poor oral health may complicate eating and deteriorate nutritional status. However, little is known about how the burden of oral symptoms (OS) is associated with the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of vulnerable older people in institutional settings. This study explores how the burden of certain OS (chewing problems, swallowing difficulties, dry mouth) is associated with functioning, morbidity, nutritional status and eating habits. It also examines the association between the OS burden and HRQoL. Design A cross-sectional study in 2017. Setting All long-term care wards in Helsinki, Finland. Participants 2401 older residents (74% females, mean age 83.9). Measurements Nurses assessed the residents and completed questionnaires on the participants' demographics, functional status, diagnoses, OS and eating habits. Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and HRQoL with a 15-dimensional instrument (15D). Results Of the residents, 25.4% had one OS and 16.6% two or three OS. OS burden was associated linearly with poorer cognitive and physical functioning and a higher number of comorbidities, edentulousness without dentures, and less frequent teeth brushing/denture cleaning. OS burden was also associated with malnutrition, lower BMI and eating less during main meals. In the multivariate analyses adjusted for various confounding factors, a higher number of OS was associated with lower HRQoL. OS burden correlated with nearly all dimensions of HRQoL. Conclusion Oral symptoms are associated with generic HRQoL. Therefore, OS should be regularly assessed and managed in daily care.
  • Vähäaho, Niina (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    Background and objectives: Currently in Finland, there are over 66 000 women living with breast cancer. The five-year survival rate is 90.6 %. Breast cancer and its treatments are known to impair patients’ health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The current study is a part of an open prospective randomized Breast cancer and exercise (BREX) -study in Finland conducted to investigate whether supervised exercise training shortly after the adjuvant treatments of breast cancer patients could prevent osteoporosis and improve patient’s quality of life. This master thesis examines cross-sectional and prospective associations between the sense of coherence (SOC) and the HRQoL of breast cancer survivors. Methods: 537 long-term breast cancer survivors and controls who participated in a prospective randomized physical exercise intervention with twelve months of supervised exercise training were followed up five years. 406 participants who finished the 5-year follow-up and filled the SOC questionnaire were included in the final analyzes. The SOC was measured by 13-item Finnish and Swedish short forms of Orientation to life Questionnaire (SOC-13) at 3 years. Cancer-specific HRQoL was measured by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) version 3 and general HRQoL by the 15D. Associations between the SOC and the HRQoL were studied by logistic regression analyze. Results and conclusion: The SOC was associated with the cancer-specific and the general HRQoL at the 3-year (p < .001) and at the 5-year follow-up (p < .001). The relationship was the most significant for the general HRQoL, global health / quality of life and emotional and cognitive functions. Weak SOC increases the risk of low cancer-specific and low general HRQoL after the adjuvant treatments of breast cancer. Strong SOC as an inner resource may serve as a protective psychological factor in the adaptation process of breast cancer survivors. The SOC-13 questionnaire might be useful in targeting patients vulnerable to decrease in the HRQoL and in planning psychosocial interventions.
  • Salminen, K. S.; Suominen, M. H.; Kautiainen, H.; Roitto, H. M.; Pitkala, K. H. (2019)
    Our aim was to investigate how energy intake modifies the association of the stage of dementia with health related quality of life (HRQoL) among institutionalized older people. A cross-sectional sample of 538 older long-term care residents with dementia in Helsinki, Finland were assessed with HRQoL (15D), energy intake (from one to two days), and the stage of dementia by the clinical dementia rating (CDR) scale. The energy intakes were standardized by z-scores to include both men and women in the same analyses. Severity of dementia was associated with HRQoL (15D index in CDR 0.5-1: 0.65 (0.11), CDR 2: 0.60 (0.10), CDR 3: 0.52 (0.10)). When the three groups of dementia severity were divided according to their energy intake quartiles, there was an association between the HRQoL and the stage of dementia (p <0.001) and energy intake (p = 0.013); however, no interaction was observed (p = 0.30). While partial correlation analysis showed that energy intake correlated with HRQoL among residents with very mild/mild or moderate dementia, this was not observed among those with severe dementia. In moderate dementia, the dimensions of mobility and usual activities correlated significantly with higher energy intake. Both energy intake and severity of dementia are associated with HRQoL.
  • Huoponen, Saara; Eberl, Anja; Räsänen, Pirjo; Roine, Risto P.; Sipponen, Taina; Arkkila, Perttu; Blom, Marja (2020)
    Effectiveness, efficacy and safety of biosimilar infliximab (CT-P13) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients has been shown in previous studies. Limited data exist on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of switching originator to biosimilar infliximab (IFX) in IBD patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate impact of switching originator to biosimilar IFX on HRQoL, disease activity, and health care costs in IBD maintenance treatment. In this single-center prospective observational study, all IBD patients receiving maintenance IFX therapy were switched to biosimilar IFX. HRQoL was measured using the generic 15D health-related quality of life instrument (15D) utility measurement and the disease-specific Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ). Crohn Disease Activity Index (CDAI) or Partial Mayo Score (pMayo), and fecal calprotectin (FC) served for evaluation of disease activity. Data were collected at time of switching and 3 and 12 months after switching. Patients' characteristics, clinical background information and costs were collected from patient records and the hospital's electronic database. Fifty-four patients were included in the analysis. No statistically significant changes were observed in 15D, CDAI, pMayo, and FC during 1-year follow-up. IBDQ scores were higher (P = .018) in Crohn disease 3 months after switching than at time of switching. Costs of biosimilar IFX were one-third of costs of originator one. Total costs related to secondary health care (excluding costs of IFX), were similar before and after the onset of biosimilar IFX. HRQoL and disease activity were after switching from originator to biosimilar IFX comparable, but the costs of biosimilar IFX were only one-third of those of the originator one.
  • Orenius, Tage; Kautiainen, Hannu; Louhi, Marja; Montin, Liisa; Bulbena, Antonio; Lindgren, Karl-August (2022)
    Patients with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome, hypermobile type (hEDS) often report a decrease of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), symptoms of anxiety and depression, and show a prevalent incidence of psychiatric disorders. Still, there seems to be a lack of a more thorough analysis addressing the relations between these entities. We studied the HRQoL and its relations with depressive symptoms and subgroups of anxiety in a group of patients with hEDS (n = 81) compared to a comparison group (n = 90) of healthy controls (HC). HRQoL was assessed with the RAND 36-item health survey, depressive symptoms were measured with the 21-item Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and State/trait anxiety inventory (STAI) was used to estimate levels of state and trait anxiety. The hEDS group showed significantly lower scores on total HRQoL, on all subscales as well on calculated subgroups of physical and mental HRQoL than the HC group. Depression, state, and trait anxiety scores were significantly higher in hEDS group than in the HC group. However, both state and trait anxiety showed a lower degree of negative associations with social functioning in the hEDS group when compared to the HC group. Patients with hEDS present with a lower HRQoL and greater psychological distress than healthy individuals. These factors play a significant role in the patients' overall functional capacity and should be noticed when examining and treating patients with hEDS.
  • Lehtomäki, Kaisa; Stedt, Hanna P.; Osterlund, Emerik; Muhonen, Timo; Soveri, Leena-Maija; Halonen, Päivi; Salminen, Tapio K.; Kononen, Juha; Kallio, Raija; Algars, Annika; Heerva, Eetu; Lamminmaki, Annamarja; Uutela, Aki; Nordin, Arno; Lehto, Juho; Saarto, Tiina; Sintonen, Harri; Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, Pirkko-Liisa; Ristamäki, Raija; Glimelius, Bengt; Isoniemi, Helena; Osterlund, Pia (2022)
    Simple Summary Metastatic colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of cancer death. Long-term survival and cure can be achieved after intensive treatments, including metastasectomy, i.e., the removal of all metastases. We wanted to clarify whether a patient health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was reduced by treatments that aimed to maximise metastasectomy rates, and whether HRQoL of treated patients is comparable to the general population. In a cross-sectional study of 444 patients (1751 questionnaires) in the RAXO-study population, we show that HRQoL of intensively treated patients, sometimes with multiple and multisite metastasectomies-usually combined with systemic therapy-remains at a high level during and after curative treatment and when compared with the general population. Good HRQoL was also seen during non-curative treatment from first- to later-lines, with an impaired HRQoL only at end-of-life. Thus, we should aim at maximising metastasectomies since they give long-term survival and sometimes cure with a high HRQoL. Metastasectomy and/or local ablative therapy in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients often provide long-term survival. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) data in curatively treated mCRC are limited. In the RAXO-study that evaluated repeated resectability, a multi-cross-sectional HRQoL substudy with 15D, EQ-5D-3L, QLQ-C30, and QLQ-CR29 questionnaires was conducted. Mean values of patients in different treatment groups were compared with age- and gender-standardized general Finnish populations. The questionnaire completion rate was 444/477 patients (93%, 1751 questionnaires). Mean HRQoL was 0.89-0.91 with the 15D, 0.85-0.87 with the EQ-5D, 68-80 with the EQ-5D-VAS, and 68-79 for global health status during curative treatment phases, with improvements in the remission phase (disease-free >18 months). In the remission phase, mean EQ-5D and 15D scores were similar to the general population. HRQoL remained stable during first- to later-line treatments, when the aim was no longer cure, and declined notably when tumour-controlling therapy was no longer meaningful. The symptom burden affecting mCRC survivors' well-being included insomnia, impotence, urinary frequency, and fatigue. Symptom burden was lower after treatment and slightly higher, though stable, through all phases of systemic therapy. HRQoL was high in curative treatment phases, further emphasizing the strategy of metastasectomy in mCRC when clinically meaningful.
  • Virkki, Ella N.; Oksanen, Hanna; Diarbakerli, Elias; Helenius, Linda; Pape, Bernd; Pajulo, Olli; Gerdhem, Paul; Helenius, Ilkka (2020)
    Study Design. A prospective study on the clinical, radiographic, and the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes in adolescents with spondylolisthesis undergoing instrumented circumferential spinal fusion compared with age and sex matched controls. Objective. To determine the outcomes of pediatric spondylolisthesis patients minimum 2 years after surgery and to compare their HRQOL with age and sex matched controls. Summary of Background Data. There is limited evidence of the HRQOL of adolescent spondylolisthesis patients after surgery and no studies comparing it with healthy controls. Methods. Twenty-six consecutive adolescents (mean age 14.7 yr, range 10-18 yr) undergoing instrumented reduction with intercorporeal spinal fusion for spondylolisthesis (11 low-grade, 15 high-grade) by a single orthopedic surgeon were included to this study cohort and matched by age and sex with two controls. The HRQOL was measured with Scoliosis Research Society-24 (SRS-24) questionnaire before surgery, 6 months and 2 years after the surgery. Results. The mean (SD) vertebral slip in the low-grade patients was 25% (13%) and 67% (15%) in the high-grade patients and 6% (7%) and 21% (25%) postoperatively, respectively (P
  • Nobre, Nuno; Pereira, Marco; Roine, Risto P.; Sutinen, Jussi; Sintonen, Harri (2018)
    We examined how HIV-related self-stigma was associated with different domains of quality of life (QoL), as measured by the World Health Organization Quality of Life in HIV-infected persons instrument (WHOQOL-HIV-Bref), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as measured by the generic 15D (15-dimensional measure of HRQoL), to identify the factors associated with self-stigma of people living with HIV (PLWH). The study sample included 440 patients living with HIV followed at the Infectious Disease Clinic of Helsinki University Hospital. Participants with more severe self-stigma reported significantly lower QoL and HRQoL. Male gender, cohabiting with a partner, and disclosure of HIV status were associated with less self-stigma; high education level and financial difficulties were associated with greater self-stigma. Having lived longer with HIV, being unemployed, and living alone were also predictors of self-stigma via financial difficulties. The findings suggest that self-stigma is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon that impacts the HRQoL of PLWH. Psychosocial interventions to enhance the well-being of PLWH are increasingly needed. Copyright (C) 2017 Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
  • Välimäki, Tarja H.; Martikainen, Janne A.; Hongisto, Kristiina; Väätäinen, Saku; Sintonen, Harri Pekka (2016)
  • Haaramo, Anu; Alapulli, Heikki; Aine, Liisa; Tuokkola, Jetta; Saarnisto, Ulla; Roine, Risto P.; Pitkäranta, Anne; Kolho, Kaija-Leena (2019)
    Background: Up to 50% of pediatric patients with Crohn's disease (CD) report oral manifestations, but less is known about their oral health when they become adults. Goals: Our aim was to provide detailed descriptions of the presence of oral and otorhinolaryngological manifestations in patients with pediatric onset CD once they reached adulthood, to look for predisposing factors and to compare the findings to matched controls. Study: Adult patients diagnosed with CD in childhood at the Children's Hospital, University of Helsinki, Finland, after 2000 were invited for a follow-up appointment in 2016 and 24 were examined by a dentist and otorhinolaryngologist. They were compared with 22 matched controls from the Population Register Centre. The participants completed questionnaires about their general health, any special diets, and their health-related quality of life. Their nutrition was evaluated from food records. Results: Patients with CD had minor oral manifestations at a median of 9 years after their childhood diagnosis and the most common was angular cheilitis, which affected 6 patients and 1 control, but was not statistically significant (P=0.0984). CD with perianal abscessing disease correlated to orofacial findings (P=0.0312). Most of the patients had normal otorhinolaryngological findings. Subjects with oral lesions had lower mean health-related quality of life scores than subjects without oral findings and the differences were clinically but not statistically significant. Oral manifestations were not associated with differences in energy intake. Conclusions: Oral manifestations in adult patients with pediatric onset CD were mild and were not associated with otorhinolaryngological pathology.
  • Oksanen, Hanna Mari; Jalanko, Tuomas; Helenius, Ilkka J. (2021)
    Background and Aims: Posterolateral hemivertebrectomy with monosegmental instrumentation at an early age is an established method to correct congenital scoliosis but is associated with a relatively high risk of instrumentation failure and health-related quality of life outcomes are not available. We aimed to investigate the effects hemivertebrectomy with postoperative hip spica cast on complications and health-related quality of life in small children with congenital scoliosis. Materials and Methods: A follow-up study of 30 children (at mean age = 3.4 years, range = 1.0-8.5 years) undergoing posterolateral hemivertebrectomy and short pedicle instrumentation. Children were immobilized postoperative with hip spica cast for 6 weeks and immobilization for 4 months using a rigid thoracolumbosacral orthosis. The Caregivers filled out Scoliosis Research Society 24 outcome questionnaire preoperatively, at 6 months, and at final follow-up visit on behalf of their child. Standing radiographs were obtained preoperatively, postoperatively in the cast, and standing at final follow-up. Results: Mean major curve was 41 degrees (range = 26 degrees-87 degrees) preoperatively and was corrected to 14 degrees (4.0 degrees-35 degrees) at final follow-up. Eight (27%) children had postoperative complications, including three (10%) deep surgical site infections. The Scoliosis Research Society 24 back domain showed an improvement from a mean of 3.8 preoperatively to 4.4 at final follow-up (p < 0.001). Function from back condition domain showed a significant deterioration from 4.2 preoperatively to 3.7 at 6 months (p = 0.020) but improved back to baseline at final follow-up (4.2, p = 0.0022 6 months vs final follow-up). Conclusion: Hemivertebrectomy with short instrumentation resulted into 64% correction of scoliosis and improved health-related quality of life in back pain and function domains.
  • Rauma, Ville; Salo, Jarmo; Sintonen, Harri; Räsänen, Jari Veli; Ilonen, Ilkka (2016)
    Background: This study presents a retrospective evaluation of patient, disease, and treatment features predicting long-term survival and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients who underwent surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: Between January 2000 and June 2009, 586 patients underwent surgery at the Helsinki University Hospital. The 276 patients still alive in June 2011 received two validated quality of life questionnaires (QLQ): the generic 15D and the cancer-specific EORTC QLQ-C30 + QLQ-LC13. We used binary and linear regression analysis modeling to identify patient, disease, and treatment characteristics that predicted survival and long-term HRQoL. Results: When taking into account patient, disease, and treatment characteristics, long-term survival was quite predictable (69.5% correct), but no long-term HRQoL (R-2 between 0.041 and 0.119). Advanced age at the time of surgery, male gender, comorbidity (measured with the Charlson comorbidity index), clinical and pathological stages II-IV, and postoperative infectious complications predicted a lower survival rate. Features associated with poorer long-term HRQoL (measured with the 15D) were comorbidity, postoperative complications, and the use of the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) technique. Conclusions: Long-term HRQoL is only moderately predictable, while prediction of long-term survival is more reliable. Lower HRQoL is associated with comorbidities, complications, use of the VATS technique, and reduced pulmonary function, while adjuvant therapy is associated with higher HRQoL.
  • Kosola, Silja; Relas, Heikki (2021)
    Objectives. Transition of adolescents with chronic diseases from paediatric healthcare to adult care requires attention to maintain optimal treatment results. We examined changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and disease activity among JIA patients with or without concomitant psychiatric diagnoses after transfer to an adult clinic. Methods. We prospectively followed 106 consecutive patients who were transferred from the New Children's Hospital to the Helsinki University Hospital Rheumatology outpatient clinic between April 2015 and August 2019 and who had at least one follow-up visit. HRQoL was measured using 15D, a generic instrument. Results. The patients' median age at transfer was 16 years and disease duration 4.0 years. Patients were followed for a median of 1.8 years. Disease activity and overall HRQoL remained stable, but distress (dimension 13 of 15D) increased during follow up (P=0.03). At baseline, patients with at least one psychiatric diagnosis had lower overall 15D scores [mean 0.89 (S.D. 0.14) vs 0.95 (S.D. 0.05), P Conclusion. Transition-phase JIA patients with psychiatric diagnoses had lower HRQoL than other JIA patients. Despite reduced disease activity and pain, HRQoL of patients with psychiatric diagnoses remained suboptimal at the end of follow-up. Our results highlight the necessity of comprehensive care and support for transition-phase JIA patients.
  • Laakso, Juha T.; Rissanen, Valtteri; Ruotsalainen, Eeva; Korpi, Jarkko; Laulajainen-Hongisto, Anu; Sivonen, Ville; Sinkkonen, Saku T. (2021)
    Objective To describe the characteristics, diagnostics, treatment, and outcome of severe acute otitis media (AOM) and acute mastoiditis (AM) caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GAS). Study design A retrospective cohort study. Methods The yearly incidence of inpatient care-needing GAS AOM/AM patients in our hospital catchment area between 2002 and 2018 was investigated. A detailed analysis was performed for cases treated during the last GAS epidemic in 2017-2018. Anamnesis, signs and symptoms, pure-tone audiometry results, treatment, complications, and outcome were collected from medical charts. Patients responded to an otology-specific health-related quality of life survey (EOS-16) 1.5 to 3 years after their treatment. Results The number of GAS infections peaks at approximately 7-year intervals. During 2017 and 2018, altogether 37 patients (29 adults and 8 children) were hospitalized due to GAS AOM/AM. AM was diagnosed in 14 (38%) patients. The disease progression was typically very rapid. At presentation, all patients had severe ear pain, 68% tympanic membrane perforation and discharge, 43% fever, and 43% vertigo. In pure-tone audiometry, there was usually a marked mixed hearing loss at presentation. There was a significant recovery in both air and bone conduction thresholds; the pure tone average improvement from presentation was 32.3 +/- 14.8 dB. Rapid strep tests (RST) proved to be more sensitive than bacterial culture in identifying GAS as a cause of AOM/AM. Conclusion GAS AOM/AM has a rapid onset. Hearing loss usually includes a sensorineural component, which is usually reversible with adequate treatment. RST seems to be useful in detecting GAS from middle ear discharge. Level of Evidence 4.
  • Haapamaki, Johanna; Heikkinen, Erjastiina; Sipponen, Taina; Roine, Risto P.; Arkkila, Perttu (2018)
    Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has a substantial impact on patients health-related quality of life (HRQoL). In this study, we examined the impact of adaptation courses on HRQoL, psychological well-being, depression and number of sick-leave days of IBD patients.Methods: The study recruited 142 IBD patients attending an adaptation course of 5-12 days. The courses were specially designed for IBD patients and included multidisciplinary information about IBD, peer support, group activities and encouragement for adequate physical exercise. The participants completed the study questionnaire at the beginning and the end of the course and after six and 12 months of follow-up. HRQoL was assessed with the generic 15-dimensional (15D) tool and depression with Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI). Utilization of health care services and work absenteeism was also assessed. Visual analog scales were used for assessing psychological functioning.Results: 15D, BDI scores and scores describing psychological well-being were significantly better at the end of the course when compared to baseline (15D 0.82 vs. 0.84, p
  • Forssell, Heli; Sipilä, Kirsi; Teerijoki-Oksa, Tuija; Vartiainen, Pekka; Kautiainen, Hannu; Sintonen, Harri; Kalso, Eija (2020)
    Background and aims: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) assessments have been widely used in pain medicine as they are able to reflect the subjective and multidimensional nature of chronic pain. Studies have shown a consistent impairment in HRQoL in different chronic pain conditions. However, it is not known whether HRQoL is impaired in chronic orofacial pain (OFP). The generic 15D HRQoL instrument has been shown to fare as well as or better than other generic HRQoL instruments in the study of chronic pain. The aim was to investigate HRQoL in patients with chronic OFP using the generic 15D HRQoL instrument. The validity of the instrument was tested by studying the association of the 15D data with pain interference. Methods: One hundred fifty-one patients (mean age 50 years, SD 15 years, 119 females) were recruited from three tertiary facial pain clinics. HRQoL data of the participants were contrasted with that of an age- and gender-standardized sample of general population by comparing the mean 15D scores and profiles. The data for the general population came from the National Health 2011 Survey representing Finnish population aged 18 years and older. Pain interference was assessed using Brief Pain Inventory. Based on pain interference distribution the participants were divided into tertiles. Statistical comparison between patient and population HRQoL values were performed using Monte-Carlo-type simulations. Statistical significance for the hypothesis of linearity was evaluated by using generalized linear models. Results: The mean 15D score of OFP patients (0.824, SD 0.113) was statistically significantly lower than that of the age- and gender-standardized general population (0.929, SD 0.019) (p <0.001). The difference between the patients and the general population was also clinically important, i.e. over the minimum clinically important difference in the 15D score. All mean 15D dimension values were significantly lower compared with the general population values (p <0.001 for all dimensions). The largest differences were seen in the dimensions of discomfort and symptoms (0.418, SD 0.222 vs. 0.816, SD 0.027), sleeping (0.693, SD 0.258 vs. 0.838, SD 0.029), and vitality (0.702, SD 0.221 vs. 0.884 SD 0.026). There was a statistically significant linear decrease in the 15D dimension values (p <0.001) with increasing pain interference. The greatest differences were found on the dimensions of discomfort and symptoms, sleeping and vitality. Conclusions: HRQoL is significantly impaired in patients with chronic OFP. A decrease in the 15D dimension values with increasing pain interference indicated convergent validity between 15D and pain interference. Implications: The findings suggest that 15D is an appropriate instrument for use in the assessment of HRQoL in OFP patients. By showing the usefulness of the 15D, the present study may encourage further use of generic HRQoL assessments in the study of chronic OFP, and contribute e.g. to the implementation of HRQoL as one of the core outcome measures in future treatment studies on chronic OFP.