Browsing by Subject "income distribution"

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  • Timgren, Henrikki (2005)
    The aim of this thesis is to critically assess theories of global distributive justice against their statist and nationalist rivals, especially against liberal nationalism. For the sake of convenience these so-called cosmopolitan theories have been divided into "naïve" and "mature" variants. The main argument of this thesis is that while naïve theories - global contractarianism and utilitarianism - are morally over-demanding and insensitive to cultural pluralism and people's local attachments, mature theories steer clear of these problems, and hence vindicate the demand for a more just global distribution of economic and social goods. It is argued, however, that these mature theories, represented by the human rights-based approaches of Henry Shue and Thomas Pogge, have to limit their redistributive demands, at least initially, to securing the basic subsistence of people. Additionally, cosmopolitan theories are criticized for not providing specific enough blueprints for building a just global community.
  • Kotamäki, M; Mattila, J; Tervola, J (Kela, 2017)
    Working papers 124
    This paper investigates the effects of a Finnish unemployment insurance reform that took place in 2017. The potential duration of earnings-related unemployment benefit was cut by 100 days. We use the microsimulation method to calculate both static and dynamic ex-ante effects on employment, public sector finances and income distribution. According to the static scenario, income inequality increases slightly. However, accounting for the behavioral response mitigates the effect on inequality. Respectively, the positive effect on public finances is amplified.