Browsing by Subject "informal school"

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  • Peltola, Marja (2021)
    The concerns over school segregation have gained salience in Finland in the last two decades, paralleling the discussions elsewhere in Europe. This article examines from the pupil perspective, how school segregation and school selection are 'lived' in a lower secondary school in the metropolitan area of Helsinki. Using the concept of borderwork, I examine the hierarchies produced by the divide between selective, mixed and non-selective school class groups in pupils' social relationships, and how these hierarchies intersect with social class and racialization. The article is based on interviews of altogether 46 pupils in the 7th and 8th grades (aged 13-15). I argue that school class groupings are a strong organizing principle in pupils' social relationships, and that pupils' borderwork narratives on selective and non-selective school class groups build on and help consolidate the social class-based and racialized differences between the groups.
  • Jukarainen, Anna-Maria (Helsingfors universitet, 2012)
    The purpose of this study was to examine child-ethnographers’ views on life in classroom. The child-centered approach of the study involves children’s active participation in data-collection. The aim is to give children a voice in research and practice. The study is part of the research project "Children tell of their well-being – Who listens? Listening to children's voices and receiving their stories” (TelLis, 1134911) financed by the Academy of Finland. The research data were collected by using a research method "Children as ethnographers" (Hohti 2010). 29 pupils worked as co-researchers and observed their classroom during an eight-month period in 2010 when they were on the 3rd and 4th grade. The data consists of 52 writings of the pupils and some stories. The analysis focused on the classroom action described in the narratives. The analysis revealed that children drew attention mainly on pupils' action in the classroom. The action took place in three layers of the school: the formal school, the informal school and the physical school. The power was constructed between the official script and the pupils' counterscript that both affected the classroom interaction. Children's writings showed that there was tension between pupils' agency and control of the school institution. The pupils' competence in the official layer was gendered: there were notably more observations of boys' activity in the informal and physical school.