Browsing by Subject "injury"

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  • Airaksinen, N.; Nurmi-Luthje, I.; Luthje, P. (2016)
    Background and Aims: The coverage of the official statistics is poor in motorcycle and moped accidents. The aim of this study was to analyze the severity of motorcycle and moped crashes, and to define the degree of under-reporting in official statistics. Material and Methods: All first attendances due to an acute motorcyclist or moped driver injury registered in the emergency department between June 2004 and May 2006 were analyzed. The severity of the injuries was classified using the Abbreviated Injury Scale score and the New Injury Severity Score. The hospital injury data were compared to the traffic accident statistics reported by the police and compiled and maintained by Statistics Finland. Results: A total of 49 motorcyclists and 61 moped drivers were involved in crashes, leading to a total of 94 and 109 injuries, respectively. There were slightly more vertebral and midfoot fractures among motorcyclists than among moped drivers (p=0.038 and 0.016, respectively). No significant differences were found between the severity (maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale and median New Injury Severity Scores) of the motorcycle and moped crashes. There was no in-hospital mortality. The degree of agreement (overlap) between the hospital dataset and the official statistics was 32%. The rate of under-reporting was 68%. Conclusions: According to the maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale and New Injury Severity Scores, the injury severity was equal for motorcycle and moped crashes. The degree of agreement between the hospital dataset and the official statistics was 32%.
  • Unkuri, J. H.; Salminen, P.; Kallio, P.; Kosola, S. (2018)
    Background: Kick scooters are popular among children in both transportation and recreational activities. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the incidence of and injury patterns associated with kick scooter accidents in school-aged children and adolescents. Methods: All 171 patients at the age of 7-15 years who were treated for kick scooter-related injuries in the metropolitan Helsinki area, Southern Finland from January 2008 to December 2013 were included. Electronic medical records were reviewed and Pediatric Trauma Scores and Injury Severity Scores were utilized to assess the injuries. Results: The annual number of patients increased from 7 in 2008 to 55 in 2013. Almost all patients (94%, n = 161) were injured after a fall from their own height. Most patients (n = 118; 69%) were diagnosed with a fracture but only 26 patients (15%) required surgical procedures under general anesthesia. Pediatric Trauma Scores were low and only one patient had an Injury Severity Score > 15 which can be considered major trauma. Conclusion: Most injuries acquired from kick scooter injuries were easily treatable fractures and bruises. Considering the background population of 105,000 in the respective age group and the 6-year period of data collection from tertiary care, scooting seems a safe means of increasing the physical activity levels of school-aged children and adolescents.
  • Peltonen, Kati; Launes, Jyrki; Koskinen, Sanna; Vartiainen, Matti; Pajunen, Sara; Pertab, Jon; Laitala, Tiina; Hokkanen, Laura (2020)
    Abstract The usefulness of on-field signs in predicting concussion outcome is under debate. We studied the prevalence of these signs and analyzed the predictive value for post-injury cognitive recovery in Finnish elite-level youth ice hockey players. Of the 570 consecutive athletes, 52 were concussed during seasons 2015-2017. After exclusion criterion analysis included 34 hockey players (14-20 years-old). Follow-up assessment was performed seven days post-injury and compared with pre-injury baseline. Cognitive performance was assessed using the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT?) battery. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between on-field signs of concussion and the post-injury change in cognitive performance. The findings indicated that on-field loss of consciousness, amnesia, and vacant look were associated with larger decrements in cognition. Loss of consciousness accounted for 22% of the variance in verbal memory scores; amnesia accounted for 15% of the variance in verbal memory scores, and the presence of vacant look accounted for 9% of the variance in visual memory performance. The presence of loss of consciousness, amnesia, or vacant look is risk factors for longer recovery times and predict the need for extended cognitive follow-up.
  • Swanljung, Outi; Vehkalahti, Miira M. (2018)
    Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the role of root canal irrigants and medicaments in endodontic injuries verified in Finland and to estimate the rate of such events over time. Methods: The study material comprised all endodontic injuries verified by the Patient Insurance Centre in 2002 to 2006 (n = 521) and 2011 to 2013 (n = 449). The data, based on patient documents scrutinized by 2 specialists in endodontics, included patients' and dentists' sex and age and the service sector. We recorded the use of root canal irrigants and medicaments, each as a dichotomy. Furthermore, we dichotomized the injuries as those related to root canal irrigants/medicaments and any other injuries. The injuries were also dichotomized as avoidable (could have been avoided by following good clinical practice) or unavoidable (normal treatment-related risks). Statistical evaluation used chi-square tests and t tests; logistic regression produced odds ratios (ORs). Results: The verified injuries (N = 970) comprised 635 (65%) avoidable and 335 (35%) unavoidable injuries. The number of irrigant-/medicament-related injuries was 69, accounting for 7.1% of all verified injuries; all resulted from sodium hypochlorite and calcium hydroxide, and 87% were avoidable. The overall rate of sodium hypochlorite/calcium hydroxide injuries was 4.3 cases per 100,000 endodontic patients per year. Compared with other injuries, sodium hypochlorite/calcium hydroxide injuries were more likely avoidable (OR = 3.8) and more than 5-fold likely in 2011 to 2013 than in 2002 to 2006 (OR = 5.6). Conclusions: Extreme care is needed when applying sodium hypochlorite and calcium hydroxide into root canals to avoid increasing harmful consequences.