Browsing by Subject "interkulttuurinen kompetenssi"

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  • Tavi, Semi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    The purpose of this master's thesis is to examine the perceptions of schoolteachers about the benefits and obstacles of a camp school abroad. Finland has long had a strong camp school culture, but despite the growing emphasis on international education in the national core curriculum for basic education (POPS 2014), not many camp schools have been arranged abroad. In the dissertation I open the concept of a camp school and related themes of global education, intercultural competence and experiential pedagogy. The study is a qualitative case study guided by the following research questions: What perceptions and experiences do teachers have about the benefits of a camp school abroad? What obstacles do teachers see for camp school abroad? The material was collected through e-mail interviews from ten teachers, five of whom had previously attended a camp school abroad. The interviews have been analyzed using data-driven content analysis. Based on the results, teachers’ perceptions of the benefits of a foreign camp school were divided into five main categories: academic skills, practical life skills, internationality, experientiality, and future-related skills. Teachers’ perceptions of barriers to a foreign camp school were divided into two main categories: fears and practical challenges.
  • Nykänen, Jamina (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    The cultural identity and social relationships of a Third Culture Kid (TCK) has been researched in the recent decade. However, it is relevant to study more about the extraordinary experience of TCKs from their own point of view, which is the aim of this study. TCKs’ perceptions of their identity, identification and their becoming interculturally competent through their experiences deserve its own study. The aim of this study is to view how TCKs identify themselves when they return back home to Finland and to the Finnish culture after spending many years abroad or being brought up in a multicultural family in Finland. In addition, it is important to view how they percept their multicultural background and their international experiences and how they describe their sense of belonging and otherness as well as their intercultural growth. Phenomenography was used as the research strategy in this case study of four adult TCKs. The adult TCKs were interviewed and asked to write an autobiography discussing their feelings and experiences as a multicultural person with an international life experience. The data was first analysed with qualitative content analysis and then with phenomenographic analysis to create descriptive categories common to phenomenography. The adult TCKs have experienced difficulties with identification as it is complex and multidimensional. Identity and identification are involved with the senses of belonging and otherness. In this study cultural and social identity are tangled together in the narratives of the adult TCKs. The participants haven’t felt being attached to just one identity, a community or a group. Instead they described various senses of belonging and otherness. This study shows how these various feelings reflect how identity and identification are strongly attached to the context. The participants discuss their intercultural competence through their attitudes, cultural knowledge and social skills. The adult TCKs consider that they have learned from their cultural encounters. Through their experiences they have collected knowledge and skills to understand and respect people from different origins. Their own multicultural backgrounds have led them to examine their thoughts and attitudes and thus to develop their intercultural competence.
  • Pirttinen, Sanna (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    The objective of my research was to determine whether teachers' intercultural competence will develop by attending an open-mindedness enhancing CulturED seminar. Walter ry., an organization that has arranged workshops against discrimination and racism to young people, has found out that nearly half of all teachers say that native Finns cannot recognize the problems of multicultural students. Also, the experiences of teachers and students on whether teachers intervene in racism and discrimination sufficiently enough differ from one another in significant ways. To my phenomenographic case study, I selected CulturED seminar participants (N=11) of which six were teachers and five teacher students. The half-structured theme interviews were created for me to understand the level of personal intercultural competence before the participants participated the seminar. In addition, the participants were interviewed after the seminar. This interview was held to understand the nature of the immediate effects of the seminar on the development of intercultural competence by the participants. The research data was analyzed by using content analysis methods, both themes and trends. In addition, I collected feedback forms from all attendants (N=44). That allowed me to study the experiences of all participants when it comes to the seminar's effectiveness and to the teaching material that all participants received at the seminar. The results revealed that the CulturED seminar had an impact on the intercultural competence of the participants. After the seminar, a significant proportion of the participants showed a change in understanding their own prejudices, the effects of racism and discrimination, as well as their own operating models related to the themes. When it comes to the reliability of the research results, the small size of the sample and the personal interest in the content of the seminar were taken in to account. Based on the analysis of the feedback forms, it was discovered that the teachers experienced the provided teaching material useful for open-minded teaching. It also became apparent that there is a need for the CulturED seminar -like event in order to develop the skills related to diversity encounters.