Browsing by Subject "internationalization"

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  • Puustinen, Kai (2000)
    Work concentrates on the reasons and demands behind a successful internationalization of a sport and government's role behind the success. Two cases in this study are Judo and Taekwondo. They both are oriental martial arts which have become to a sport. Governments have been supporting both of the studied cases. How that support has been done and how it has been helping the sports to become international sports are the main issues of this research. The method used in the research is called understanding explaining. It is qualitative, explaining and partly empirical. The main part of the knowledge comes from the interviews made during March 27th, 1997 and March 24th, 1998. Nationalism is one main issue in the framework of the study. Nationalism and it's connections to the sports have also been taken under closer surveillance in this work. Nationalism in sports is a very important issue to understand before the actions of the governments within the sports studied are presented. After the framework both of the studied sports histories are introduced and then the comparison of the cases is made. Last part of the work concentrates to the benefits for the government from supporting the sports and after this few conclusions are made. As a result of the study, a new model to picture the development of the internationalization process - Seven Step -model - is introduced. The role of the government in both cases is clearly seen. The connection to the daily international politics of the countries studied is also pointed out.
  • Holopainen, Emilia (Helsingin yliopisto, 2014)
    The aim of the study was to analyze international students' typical paths to acculturate into the student community by using the research question: What kind of paths international students use to acculturate into the student community in Oklahoma State University and in the University of Helsinki? The study is current, because of the continuing increase of students' mobility and importance of students' acculturation into a new culture and student community in order to feel comfortable in a new university. Earlier studies have proven that students' sociocultural adjustment will foster psychological adjustment in a new environment. The research data was collected by interviewing international students from the University of Helsinki and Oklahoma State University. The interviewees were 13 students from Europe, Asia, Africa and South- America. The data has been analyzed by using qualitative content analysis. Based on the analysis, the results have been divided into nine categories: prior arrival, orientation, housing, social gatherings, behavior patterns, class, language, social support and failed tries to adapt. Students focused on using assimilation and integration as acculturation strategies, based on Berry's four-fold model of acculturation. Students, who were planning to stay in the host country after graduation, tried to acculturate by learning for example Finnish language skills. They were also motivated to meet both international and local people. With time, students have started to create more friendships with local students alongside with other international students. Successful paths to acculturate had little different emphasis between these two universities. Biggest difference is on the path of social gatherings; students from Oklahoma State University met many new students through sports, and students from the University of Helsinki felt that parties were one of easiest places to meet new people.
  • Sandhu, Maqsood (Svenska handelshögskolan, 2005)
    Economics and Society
    The driving force behind this study is the gap between the reality of the firms engaged in project business and the available studies covering project management and business process development. Previous studies show that project-based organizations were ‘immature’ in terms of the project-management ‘maturity model’, as few firms were found to be optimizing processes. Even within those, very little attention was paid to combine inter-organizational and intra-organizational perspectives. In this study an effort is made to elaborate some thoughts and views on project management, which interrelate firms’ external and internal activities. In line with the integration, the dissertation uses an approach to the management of project-business interdependencies in the networks of actors, activities and resources. Firstly, the study develops an understanding for inter-organizational perspectives by exploring the complementarities of process activities in the basic development of project business. It presents a framework that is elaborated on the basis of the reciprocal interactions of activities within and outside the organization—thus providing a coherent basis for continuous business-process improvement. In addition, the study presents new tools that can be used to develop project-business processes in each of its functional areas. The research demonstrates how project-business activities can be optimized using the right resources at the right time with the right actors and the right actions. The selected five articles included in this dissertation explain the basic framework for the development of project business. Each paper covers various aspects of inter-organizational and intra-organizational perspectives for project management. The study develops a valuable and procedural model for business-process improvement using the Delphi method that can be used not only in academia but also as a guide for practitioners that takes them through a series of well-defined steps when making informed, consistent and efficient changes to their business processes.
  • Yuan, Mei; Sude, Bilige; Chen, Ning; Dervin, Fred (2021)
    Using the concept and approach of superdiversity, this paper complements current studies on the internationalization of higher education by focusing on the understudied case of an ethnic-group serving institution in China. 17 international students at this superdiverse institution, where members of the 56 Chinese 'ethnic' Minzu groups live and study together, were interviewed about their experiences in Chinese and English. Considering the originality and complexity of this specific Chinese context, the authors chose Dialogic Discourse Analysis to analyse the data. This complex analytical method allows to identify and problematise the ways superdiversity seems to have influenced (or not) the students' stay in China and their engagement with Minzu. Although superdiversity is reported as a pull factor for most students, their experiences of it and encounters with members of different Minzu groups, appear to be limited. However, the students' knowledge and awareness of this important aspect of Chinese society is compelling when the students discuss what they have learnt interculturally. They also seem to have modified many of their essentialist and culturalist representations of China. The article ends with recommendations for both scholars and Ethnic group-serving institutions in China and elsewhere, for rethinking intercultural experiences in study abroad.