Browsing by Subject "itseluottamus"

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  • Zukale, Pirjo (Helsingin yliopisto, 2017)
    Objectives. The underlying and starting point of this thesis is the idea of the importance, appreciation and self-esteem of girls. The study's research task is to make the girls' perception of themselves visible in the contexts of the school, Icehearts afternoon activities and art projects. The focus is on girls' own selves, but also on the girls' perception of themselves as girls, what is it like to be a girl in everyday social communities. The theoretical background of the study deals with peer relationships, gender and peer relationships, self, self-esteem, art-based working methods in research and in work with children and young people. The study also includes girls and girls' history, as well as gender roles, especially in school. Methods. Six fifth-grade girls from the Icehearts girls' team, founded in Vantaa, participated in the study. The study went together with the art project with the girls. The research material was collected through observations, survey forms and group interviews. The written material has been interpreted as narratives. Some of the answers are also shown in the graphs, and the results of the group interviews in the form of a mind map. Results and Conclusions. Narrative research does not aim at objective or generalizable knowledge, but it aims to produce local, subjective and personal information. Girls' evaluations of themselves are presented separately for each girl in their own chapters. Based on girls' replies, friends and Icehearts appeared to be important to them. The way the contexts of this research, school, Icehearts and art project, effect on the girls' selfs cannot be precisely specified. According to studies, the self is still changing during adolescence. This can be seen also in this study: selfs turned out to be variable and contextual.Girls' perceptions of themselves as girls are put together in mind maps. The girls in this study made a clear distinction between girls' and boys' behavior, "being". The traditional roles of a boy and a girl were present at least on one level. Being a girl was, however, seen very positively. The girls didn't think being a girl would cause limitations in their future lives.
  • Kontturi, Janne (Helsingfors universitet, 1999)
    The aim of this study was to find out the meaning family has for a pupil who studies in a special class, or how important family is for the pupil's emotional life, the development of his self-confidence, freetime activities, attitudes on school, plans for further studies and his general social development. The theoretical base of this study was formed by social scientists' theories on postmodern family, which is due to urbanization and urban life style, and theories on family pluralism, the powerful effects that changes in family life have on pupils in special education, the weak self-confidence and low sosioeconomic background among those pupils and the effects of family's sosioeconomic status on pupil's willingness to get education or the theory on the accumulation of education. Study problems were set in the direction determined by these theories and in order to study the accurateness of the theories. The method used in the study was theme interview, which is sometimes also called half-structured interview. The material for the study was collected in October 1998 in a special school in Helsinki. The material contains answers given by pupils in theme interviews and background information about pupils' families, which where collected from the pupils' parents by mail. Content analysis was used to analyze the material. The study showed that it is very important to pupils' attitudes on school and their self-confidence that their families are entire and that the families give them support. The children, whose parents are interested in school education and discuss a lot about things, seem to have positive attitudes on school and good self-confidence, too. The parental support also has an effect on how the pupils spend their free time and on their hobbies, too. Obviously the families have quite an important meaning for pupils in special class, but if the families don't support them, the consequence is problems particularly for the development of self-confidence. The theory on the low sosioeconomic background among students in special education gets support from this study, but nothing can be said about it's effect on further studies. On account of the results it can be suggested that special schools must arrange occasions where the pupils' parents are clearly informed about the important meaning of their support for the pupils' studies and the development of the pupils' self-confidence. The most important sources for the theoretical background were the books written by Jallinoja, Kivinenand Rinne, Moberg, Scanzoni and P. Takala. The most important sources for the method were the books written by Hirsjärvi and Hurme and Pietilä.
  • Mikander, Nina (2005)
    Syftet med denna Pro Gradu avhandling har varit att skapa en teoretisk grund för den praktiskt grundade tjejgruppsverksamhete, aft undersöka vilken sorts flickor som söker sig till tjejgruppen och aft se om gruppen fyller sin funktion. Tjejgruppen kan närmast beskrivas som en diskussionsgrupp för unga flickor, där det finns ledare som styr samtalen. Flickoma far själva bestämma vad de viii diskutera eller göra. Verksamheten skall vara värderingsfri, flickorna skall ha tillfälle att utveckla sin förmåga att göra sig hörda och lära sig aft aktivt uttrycka sina asikter. Undersökningen har gjorts som en fallstudie med hjälp av bade kvalitativ och kvantitativa metoder. Den kvalitativa delen av arbetet bestod av temaintervjuer och essäer, där själförtroende undersöktes pa ett djupare plan och flickornas asikter angaende tjejgruppens möjligheter att stöda togs fasta på. Den kvantitativa delen bestod av riktgivande mätinstrument som mätte flickomas könsorientering, risken att tysta ner sitt själy i nära relationer, vilka egenskaper flickoma ansåg sig ha i sina interpersonella relationer och deras globala självkänsla. Resultaten är unika för denna tjejgrupp, de visar pa aft verksamheten lockar mest flickor med traditonellt kvinnlig könsorientering. Flickorna verkar vara trygga i sina nära relationer medan de känner sig mer osäkra när pa offentliga forum. Likaså är flickornas själförtroende gott tillsammans med nära vänner medan det är lägre i klassrummet och tillsammans med vuxna. Förändringama som skett under undersökningens gang har varit ytterst sma, men det ved(ar som om verksamheten uppmuntrar flickorna till likhet. Flickoma verkar uppskatta tryggheten i den lilla gruppen och bekräftelse och spegling av sina vänner och av de vuxna ledama. Aft få en vuxens stöd och uppmärksamhet har verkat vara en viktig orsak till att flickorna uppskattat tjejgruppsverksamheten. Viktiga källor för avhandlingen har varit Mia Hanströms bok som beskriver tjejgruppsverksamheten. Susan Harters verk; The Construction of the Self, har använts för aft beskriva adolescenters identitetsutveckling och Harters modell har använts för aft se pa vilka egenskaper flickorna ansett sig ha i sina interpersonella relationer. Könssocialisationen har beskrivits utgaende fran Bjerrum Nielsen & Rudberg, Historien om pojkar och flickor vilket ocksa varit en viktig källa.