Browsing by Subject "itseohjautuva oppiminen"

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  • Valtonen, Emilia (Helsingfors universitet, 2015)
    Self-regulated learning (SRL) is a goal-oriented process in which the learner monitors and regulates his or her own learning. Meta-skills of learning such as SRL are important both in formal education and in professional development taking place in working environments. For the teaching profession, it is crucial that teacher education supports its students' abilities to critically reflect on and research and develop their own work. In short, teachers need competences for continuous professional learning. This master's thesis analyzes the connection between student teachers' SRL and competences in continuous professional learning. SRL was defined as forethought of learning, learning strategies, and learning skills. Competences in continuous professional learning were constructed on an understanding of the teacher as a professional capable of researching and developing his or her work. Because there are structural and content differences between class and subject teacher education, this thesis also analyzes whether there are differences in continuous professional learning competences between the two programmes. The data were collected using a web-based survey as part of a research project on teacher education. SRL was measured using a self-report instrument for higher education students, including questions about regulatory strategies of learning and motivational factors. The instrument for continuous professional learning focused on teaching professions' reflective features and professional development. Both constructs were measured using a five-point likert-scale. The respondents were student teachers from University of Helsinki and University of Oulu studying to be either class or subject teachers (N = 417). Data analysis was conducted using correlations, t-tests, and linear regression analyses. In addition, confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses were conducted in the preliminary analysis. Students' competences in continuous professional learning correlated with the different constructs of self-regulated learning, although none of the correlations could be described as strong. Regression analysis indicated that in the forethought of learning dimension, utility value of studies and self-concept as a learner best explained competences in continuous professional learning. In the dimension of learning strategies, self-management was the only statistically significant explanatory variable. In the learning skills dimension, application of theories and rehearsal best explained continuous professional learning. There was a significant difference between class and subject student teachers in continuous professional learning, although the effect size was moderate. The division between class and subject teachers was also a significant explanatory variable in all regression models. Depending on the model, 6.9 to 11.5 percent of variance in continuous professional learning could be explained. The results indicate that self-regulated learning is connected to continuous professional learning competences, but the explanatory power of SRL is not very strong. In the future, it will be important to investigate whether these results are due to an actual relationship between the two phenomena or a matter of data and measurement. Class and subject teacher education seems to some extent to produce differences in continuous professional learning competences. This could indicate that there is a need to develop subject teacher studies in order to make sure that all teachers, regardless of their training, have the necessary competences to develop professionally.
  • Rautiainen, Tiina (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Objectives: The aim of this study was to create an educational video, which portrays how to sew a t- shirt, so that with the support of the video students would be able to learn the pro-cess independently. Theoretical basis for developing was formed on the concepts of learn-ing of skills, self-determination and video learning material. Learning of skills is strongly practice-based, led by an example given by a skilled maker (teacher). Self-determination theory is -- agency Methodology Making of the thesis was guided by the principles of design-based research. A developing team consisting of the author of this thesis and a textile craft teacher, whose students would also test and use the material, carried out the design project. To determine usability, sev-enth grade students tested the created video. Data collected consisted of careful documen-tation of the whole design process. Methods of documentation include notes of design meetings, interviews, and notes made while observing testing. Collected data was analysed using qualitative content analysis. The design process and results were described in chronological order in a so-called development depiction. Results and conclusions The project fortified the understanding that well designed video as such is not enough to serve all students. Therefore the implementation of the video should be considered early in the process. Now only those students who were already capable of independent work were able to benefit from the video. Nonetheless, as such the video made the teacher’s work easier, and the students working with the video were able to advance in their work.