Browsing by Subject "kamppailulajit"

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  • Puustinen, Kai (2000)
    Work concentrates on the reasons and demands behind a successful internationalization of a sport and government's role behind the success. Two cases in this study are Judo and Taekwondo. They both are oriental martial arts which have become to a sport. Governments have been supporting both of the studied cases. How that support has been done and how it has been helping the sports to become international sports are the main issues of this research. The method used in the research is called understanding explaining. It is qualitative, explaining and partly empirical. The main part of the knowledge comes from the interviews made during March 27th, 1997 and March 24th, 1998. Nationalism is one main issue in the framework of the study. Nationalism and it's connections to the sports have also been taken under closer surveillance in this work. Nationalism in sports is a very important issue to understand before the actions of the governments within the sports studied are presented. After the framework both of the studied sports histories are introduced and then the comparison of the cases is made. Last part of the work concentrates to the benefits for the government from supporting the sports and after this few conclusions are made. As a result of the study, a new model to picture the development of the internationalization process - Seven Step -model - is introduced. The role of the government in both cases is clearly seen. The connection to the daily international politics of the countries studied is also pointed out.
  • Kylmälä, Julia (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    The aim of this thesis is to investigate the effects of the first hit in a round of mixed martial arts competition. The theoretical background comes from theories of psychological momentum. Following these theories, if the first hit is a robust starting point for positive and/or negative psychological momentum, the effect should show in the amount of hitting following the first attack. Perspectives for both self defence and combat sports are considered. Psychological momentum as a phenomenon remains controversial. It has previously been investigated in sports contexts where the opposing player’s actions have an effect on the other player. In a mixed martial arts match that effect is more immediate due to the physical proximity of the fighters to each other. Data was gathered both by viewing Ultimate Fighting Championships matches and from the Fight Metric website, which holds records for all Ultimate Fighting Championships matches. The data consists of a total of 104 matches. A series of linear mixed models is fitted to predict the first attacker’s total strikes based on the opponent’s reaction, and a contrast analysis is used to compare the conditions based on reaction. The main result is that on the third round of the match, if the fighter who hits first is blocked, he or she will hit more during that round. The conclusion is that the fighter attacking first strikes more if his or her attack is blocked, but only on the third round. While this implies that the third round is different from the first two, the reason for that is unclear. This finding can be used to inform combat sports coaches’ strategies, and should motivate further investigations to the significance of the first attack in both self defence situations and in combat sports.
  • Potapova, Olga (2019)
    This thesis work is an attempt to investigate ballet class as a practice without a specific focus on the performative aspects. Taking the inspiration from the martial arts practices, this research touches the issues of learning and ageing within a long-term practice, which gives a new angle for seeing training in ballet. Taking into consideration current social and cultural context, and with the support from contemporary research in phenomenology, embodied practices, and somatics, I try to see a way for inclusive and holistic approach to teaching and practicing classical dance. A series of open workshops at Theatre Academy of University of the Arts Helsinki served as a practical platform for this investigation. Practicing within a diverse and changing group helped to collect different experiences and opinions on the classes. While the material was grounded in Vaganova method, the somatic lens to the practicing and the supportive atmosphere enabled the possibility to work with practitioners’ minds and mental states. The data for the investigation was collected via keeping journals, writing during the classes, and making short videos. Another part of the research was having interviews with theatre pedagogues familiar with martial arts practices and taking the inspiration from their experiences and approaches. Staying with the practice in a humble manner, but showing a number of findings, this work aims to be a possible basis for the future research.
  • Mikkola, Eelis (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    In Mongolia wrestling is the national sport and it is connected to Buddhism, Shamanism and the cult of Chinggis Khaan. This thesis explores these connections and answers the question: What religious elements are key to becoming a successful Mongolian wrestler? There is very little prior research done in English on Mongolian wrestling and its relation to religion, and the research question could not be answered using existing materials. Because of this I made a field trip to Mongolia where I collected new material. The aim of this study is to not only answer the question, but also to incorporate new data into the larger field of studies on Mongolian wrestling. The ethnographic material of my study was collected during the summer of 2017, when I visited Mongolia and interviewed five men who were experts in either wrestling or religion. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and translated. The translations were categorized using theory directed content analysis with the help of Atlas.ti. New data was introduced and analyzed alongside contradicting and supporting elements of prior research. The analysis paints a picture where various religious elements are deemed necessary to becoming a successful Mongolian wrestler. The most relevant are karma, hiimori (luck and fortune), the right state of mind, proper ethical conduct, protective rituals, date of birth and bloodlines. The interviews were contradicting on many occasions, and the prior research was on some points in conflict with the new material. Because of this the results have elements which were not accepted by all of my interviewees. My material provides a new point of view to the research of the relationship between Mongolian wrestling and religion, which were not covered by previous studies. Many new and interesting questions arise from the research project.