Browsing by Subject "kasvimaantiede"

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  • Norrlin, J. P. (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1923)
  • Lindholm, Tapio; Jakovlev, Jevgeni; Kravchenko, Alexey (Finnish Environment Institute, 2015)
    Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute 40/2014
    Zaonezhye Peninsula (Zaonezhsky Peninsula; Заонежский полуостров in Russian transcription) is situated on the northwestern coast of Lake Onega in the Republic of Karelia, Russia. The territory of Zaonezhye is unique in that it contains nearly every type of terrain and unconsolidated sediment known in the vast expanses of northwest Russia. It is also eastern part of Fennoscandian shield. It is characterized by a high diversity of basic limestone and carbonate rocks that determine the fertility of local soils as well as the unique diversity of habitats, flora and fauna. Numerous rare calciphile plant and lichen species are found here, as well as rich, eutrophic wetlands. Long-term farming and animal husbandry have led to a large number of grassland communities in the area. As a result, a mosaic structure of diverse habitats has evolved here. Europe’s second largest lake, Lake Onega, with its clear and deep waters also affect the local climate, making it milder. This report provides for the first time detailed species lists of vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens, wood-growing fungi and insects covering the entire Zaonezhye Peninsula, Kizhi archipelago and other adjacent islands. The most important sites for protection were observed, and six new nature monuments in the southern and southerneast parts of Zaonezhye Peninsula are recommended to be established. This publication contents following articles characterizing nature of Zaonezhye area: 1. Geology and physical geography: 1.1.Geological description, 1.2. Geomorphology and Quaternary deposits, 1.3. Hydrological characteristics, 1.4. Soil cover, 1.5. Palaeogeography, 1.6. Existing and planned protected areas; 2. Landscapes and ecosystems: 2.1. Modern landscapes of Zaonezhye, 2.2. Landscape structure, 2.3. Structure of the forest covered land and forest stands, 2.4. Forest structures, 2.5. Mires, 2.6. Meadows; 3. Flora and fauna: 3.1. Vascular plants, 3.2. Bryophyte flora, 3.3 Species list of lichens and allied fungi, 3.4. Red listed and indicator lichens, 3.5. Aphyllophoroid fungi and 3.6. Insect fauna. 3.7. Localities in Zaonezhye area used in species lists of vascular plants, bryophytes, lichens, fungi and insects, and their toponyms.
  • Cajander, A. K. (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1923)
  • Lindholm, Tapio; Heikkilä, Raimo (Finnish Environment Institute, 2006)
    The Finnish Environment 23/2006
    Finland - Land of mires is a textbook on mires and their ecology in Finland. Totally 27 separate articles of different topics are included in the book. The items dealt with in the book are the following: 1. Unsettled weather and climate of Finland. 2. Climate of Finland and its effect on mires. 3. Bedrock in Finland and its infl uence on vegetation. 4. The landforms of Finland. 5. Glacial and postglacial history of the Baltic Sea and Finland. 6. Postglacial history of Finnish inland waters. 7. Lake and river systems in Finland. 8. Interglacial and interstadial organic deposits in Finland. 9. Mire development history in Finland. 10. Regional distribution of peat increment in Finland. 11. Geobotany of Finnish forests and mires: the Finnish approach. 12. Ecohydrology of Finnish mires. 13. Ecological gradients as the basis of Finnish mire site types. 14. Mire plant species and their ecology in Finland. 15. Land uplift phenomenon and its effects on mire vegetation. 16. Palsa mires in Finland. 17. Cultural land use history in Finland. 18. The use of mires for agriculture and forestry. 19. Destruction of mires in Finland. 20. Environmental impacts of mire utilization. 21. Peatlands and global change - the Finnish case. 22. Ecosystem services provided by Finnish mires. 23. Mire conservation and its short history in Finland. 24. Ramsar areas in Finland. 25. Land birds in Finnish mires and their conservation status. 26. A short introduction to the Finnish language. 27. Etymology of some Finnish words for mire.
  • Talliniemi, Päivi (University of Helsinki, 1999)
  • Elina, Galina A.; Lukashov, Anatoly D.; Yurkovskaya, Tatyana K. (Finnish Environment Institute, 2010)
    The Finnish Environment 4/2010
    The monograph is a generalization based on the analysis and synthesis of the voluminous scope of data on the dynamics of palaeovegetation and its mapping, along with aspects of palaeogeography of the Kola Peninsula and Karelia. All the elements of past landscapes are considered against the background of the present state of environments: geology, geomorphology and vegetation. The interval under consideration embraces the Late Glacial Time (12 000-10 300 years BP) and the Holocene (from 10 300 years BP up to the present). The book discusses the methodical and theoretical treatments of the last decade. As a result, the dynamics of past landscapes are shown in the unity of all their components (i.e., relief, hydrology and vegetation), and in comparison with their present-day parameters. Cartographic and textual materials on geology and modern vegetation as well as palaeovegetation maps of model territories used in this book are entirely original. The model territories are rather evenly distributed throughout the Kola Peninsula and Karelia. Seven of them are represented in this work; for each of model territory, a series of maps (for 10 500, 9 500, 8 500, 5 500, 3 000, and 1 000 years BP) are provided, correlated with relief and present-day vegetation. The second stage of data generalization is a comparison of maps related to the same temporal sections. The sequence of the maps from ‘older’ to ‘younger’ characterizes the dynamics of chorological palaeovegetation units. These dynamics readily illustrate shifts of geographical zones in space and time.
  • Buch, H.; Sola, A. A. (Otava, 1908)
    Vanamon kirjoja; 12
  • Jutila, K. T. (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1926)
  • Lukkala, O. J. (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1920)
  • Cajander, A. K. (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1921)
  • Palmgren, Alvar (Suomen metsätieteellinen seura, 1922)