Browsing by Subject "kasvinravinteet"

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  • Remes, Lassi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2014)
    Growing medium and its properties are an important factor affecting plant growth. One can improve the properties of growing medium with different amendments such as lime, nutrients and wetting agents depending on the requirements of the plant. The objective of this study was to examine a soil amendment called BRT EverGreen powder and its effect on white sphagnum peat and on plant growth. The powder has been created by a Finnish company Biomass Refine Technologies BRT ltd Oy. The powder is synthetically made of ureaformaldehyderesin and phosphoric acid includes added water retention lowering surfactants. In cultivation the goal by using BRT powder is to improve water retention and wetting of the growing medium and increase plant available nutrients. This study consisted of three experiments with three different plants or plant mixtures: Lactuca sativa L. ‘Grand Rapids’, Ligularia × hessei and a mixture of lawn (Festuca rubra L., Poa pratensis L. and Agrostis capillaris L.). These plants were expected to benefit from improved water retention of the growing medium. During the experiments the effect of BRT powder on the properties of white sphagnum peat and the speed, amount and quality of plant growth was measured. All plants got the same amount of water by irrigation. Mild nutrient solution was given to Lactuca and Ligularia with irrigation water three times during the experiments and no fertilizers were applied to the grass. The water retention ability of white sphagnum peat was not improved in plantless short term experiments by adding BRT powder. However the results given by direct moisture measurements from the growing medium implied that the BRT powder increased slightly the moisture content of the medium compared to pure peat. From the three different plant types tested only grass grew faster with BRT though the quality wasn’t as good as in pure peat. The improvement in growth was probably due to nutrients in BRT powder because no nutrients were applied to the grass unlike to Lactuca and Ligularia. There were no differences in the growth or quality of Lactuca. Ligularia did not grow as well with powder as in pure peat. Adding lime decreased the negative effect of BRT powder so the very low pH of the powder presumably hampered growth of Ligularia. BRT powder affects the growth of different plants in different ways. This makes its use in cultivation difficult because one does not know what the effect will be. The use of BRT is not recommendable in container cultivation with Lactuca or Ligularia when using peat. BRT powder can increase the growth of grass if additional fertilization is not applied.
  • Hashemi, Fatemeh; Pohle, Ina; Pullens, Johannes W. M; Tornbjerg, Henrik; Kyllmar, Katarina; Marttila, Hannu; Lepistö, Ahti; Klove, Bjorn; Futter, Martyn; Kronvang, Brian (MDPI, 2020)
    Water 12 6 (2020)
    Optimal nutrient pollution monitoring and management in catchments requires an in-depth understanding of spatial and temporal factors controlling nutrient dynamics. Such an understanding can potentially be obtained by analysing stream concentration–discharge (C-Q) relationships for hysteresis behaviours and export regimes. Here, a classification scheme including nine different C-Q types was applied to a total of 87 Nordic streams draining mini-catchments (0.1–65 km2). The classification applied is based on a combination of stream export behaviour (dilution, constant, enrichment) and hysteresis rotational pattern (clock-wise, no rotation, anti-clockwise). The scheme has been applied to an 8-year data series (2010–2017) from small streams in Denmark, Sweden, and Finland on daily discharge and discrete nutrient concentrations, including nitrate (NO3−), total organic N (TON), dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP), and particulate phosphorus (PP). The dominant nutrient export regimes were enrichment for NO3− and constant for TON, DRP, and PP. Nutrient hysteresis patterns were primarily clockwise or no hysteresis. Similarities in types of C-Q relationships were investigated using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) considering effects of catchment size, land use, climate, and dominant soil type. The PCA analysis revealed that land use and air temperature were the dominant factors controlling nutrient C-Q types. Therefore, the nutrient export behaviour in streams draining Nordic mini-catchments seems to be dominantly controlled by their land use characteristics and, to a lesser extent, their climate.
  • Tuominen, Anna; Asukas, Janne; Hyytiä, Riitta; Laitio, Heidi; Savola, Petri (Uudenmaan ympäristökeskus, 2006)
    UUDra 5/2006
    Päästölähteiden kartoittamiseksi tutkijat vierailivat jokaisella Hunttijärven valuma-alueen 160 kiinteistöllä. Omistajalta kyselemällä ja havainnoimalla koottiin tätä varten laaditulle kaavakkeelle tiedot kiinteistöstä, sen etäisyydestä järvestä ja valtaojasta sekä kiinteistön jätevesijärjestelmästä ja sen kunnosta. Kiinteistöllä käynnin yhteydessä annettiin ensimmäisiä neuvoja mahdollisistä parannuksista. Myöhemmin lähetettiin jokaiselle kiinteistölle palaute, jossa selvitettiin jätevesijärjestelmän tilaa ja tarvittavia parannuksia. Samalla huomautettiin kuitenkin, että lopulliset ohjeet on kysyttävä kunnan ympäristösihteeriltä. Osahankeraporttiin laskettiin alueen keskimääräiset tulokset. Kiinteistökohtaiset tulokset jäivät vain tutkimuksen tekijöiden tietoon, kuten kiinteistönomistajille oli ennakkoon luvattu. Toisessa osatutkimuksessa viljelijät tutustutettiin ravinnetaselaskentaan keinona tehostaa kasvinravinteiden käyttöä peltoviljelyksellä. Kaikki valuma-alueen 15 viljelijää osallistuivat tähän osahankkeeseen. Tutkija vieraili tilalla ja kokosi isännän kanssa vuosien 2003 ja 2004 peltolohkoittaiset viljelytiedot. Näiden avulla hän laski Sirkula – maatilan ravinnetaseiden laskentaohjelmalla lohkoittaiset typpi ja fosforitaseet. Palautteena tiloille lähetettiin tilan viljelyksiä koskevat tiedot. Osahankeraporttiin koottiin tilojen keskimääräiset tulokset. Koekalastus toteutettiin kurenuotalla 0 - 3, 3 - 10 ja yli 10 metrin syvyisillä järven alueilla. Alueiden lukumäärä oli 16. Nuottien korkeudet olivat 5, 8 ja 12 m. Viiden metrin korkuiset nuotat olivat 240 m pitkiä ja sitä korkeammat 190 m. Saalis nostettiin lautalle, jossa talkooväki sen lajitteli. Petokalat päästettiin veteen, muut hävitettiin. Tuloksesta voitiin päätellä, että järven kalamäärä on 100 - 150 kg/ha. Särkikaloja olisi vähennettävä 10 - 15 tonnia kolmen vuoden aikana. Hankkeen toteuttaja on Hunttijärven osakaskunta.