Browsing by Subject "knowledge management"

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  • Ballantyne, David (Svenska handelshögskolan, 2004)
    Economics and Society
    This report presents a new theory of internal marketing. The thesis has developed as a case study in retrospective action research. This began with the personal involvement of the author in an action research project for customer service improvement at a large Australian retail bank. In other words, much of the theory generating ‘research’ took place after the original project ‘action’ had wound down. The key theoretical proposition is that internal marketing is a relationship development strategy for the purpose of knowledge renewal. In the banking case, exchanges of value between employee participants emerged as the basis for relationship development, with synergistic benefits for customers, employees and the bank. Relationship development turned out to be the mediating variable between the learning activity of employee participants at the project level and success in knowledge renewal at the organisational level. Relationship development was also a pivotal factor in the motivation and customer consciousness of employees. The conclusion reached is that the strength of relationship-mediated internal marketing is in combining a market focused commitment and employee freedom in project work to achieve knowledge renewal. The forgotten truth is that organisational knowledge can be renewed through dialogue and learning, through being trustworthy, and by gaining the trust of employees in return.
  • Jakubik, Maria (Svenska handelshögskolan, 2011)
    Economics and Society
    This qualitative, explorative study, which comprises four essays, focuses on knowledge management (KM). It seeks to answer the question: How can the knowledge creation theory of KM benefit from social learning theories? While studying the five development phases of knowledge creation theory of KM through 1995-2008 and applying some social learning theories in essays, the concepts of knowing, learning and becoming have emerged. Drawing on these three concepts and on becoming ontology and extended epistemology as research philosophies the study suggests the ‘becoming epistemology’ concept and develops the ‘becoming to know’ framework. The framework proposes becoming as phronesis of dialectic interactions between learning and knowing. It shows how becoming to know evolves as an interplay between concrete experience and logical thinking in the present and in a living context. The proposed framework could be considered a contribution to the current development phase of the knowledge creation theory of KM because it illustrates how ontological and epistemological knowledge spirals come together, which is the essence of the knowledge creation theory of KM.
  • Avellan, Eija (2005)
    Tutkielmassa tarkastellaan extranet-informaation hallintaa extranetiä käyttävissä tietointensiivisissä organisaatioissa. Työn tavoitteena on selvittää, a) miten organisaatioiden toimintakäytännöt selittävät sitä, missä laajuudessa extranet on otettu niissä käyttöön b) mikä on extranetin ja siinä olevan informaation merkitys käyttäjille sekä c) mihin extranetin informaatiota käytetään ja miten sitä jaetaan organisaatioissa. Tutkielmassa extranetillä tarkoitetaan sidosryhmille suunnatun informaation yksisuuntaiseen välittämiseen käytettävää järjestelmää, jossa ei ole operatiivisia toimintoja. Tutkimusongelma liittyy tilanteeseen, jossa extranet on ollut yleisesti organisaatioiden käytössä 1990-luvulta asti, mutta aihetta koskevaa kirjallisuutta ja tutkimusta on toistaiseksi olemassa melko vähän. Tutkielman teoreettinen viitekehys kattaa tietojohtamisen (knowledge management) kirjallisuutta. Tärkeimmät teoriat ovat Choon informaation hallinnan prosessimalli, Hansenin et al. tietojohtamisen strategiat sekä Taylorin informaation käyttöluokat. Viitekehyksen tärkein merkitys tutkielmalle on toimia työkaluna, jota vasten empiiristä aineistoa peilataan, lisäksi viitekehys toimii aineiston käsitteellistämisen apuna. Tutkielma on luonteeltaan laadullinen tapaustutkimus. Empiirinen aineisto koostuu edunvalvontayhdistyksen, Lääketeollisuus ry:n, neljän jäsenyrityksen teemahaastatteluista. Haastateltavat edustavat organisaatioiden asiantuntijatasoa sekä ylintä johtoa. Aineiston analyysimenetelmänä käytetään teemoittelua. Tutkielmassa todetaan, että extranetin käyttöoikeuksien laajuutta organisaatioissa selittävät toiminnan organisointi, johdon optimismi ja työntekijöiden toimenkuvat. Extranetin merkitys on käyttäjille melko laaja, ja käyttäjät painottavat esimerkiksi ajankohtaisuutta, luotettavuutta, tulkintojen merkitystä sekä käytön reaktiivisuutta. Extranet-informaatiota käytetään organisaatioissa toimintaympäristön luotauksessa, ongelmanratkaisu- ja päätöksentekoprosesseissa sekä toiminnan suunnittelussa. Extranet-informaation jakaminen on epävirallista, käytännöt vaihtelevia eikä organisaatioissa ole määritelty informaation jakamisen suhteen vastuita. Hansenin et al. tietojohtamisen strategioista organisaatioissa näyttää vallitsevan erityisesti personointistrategia. Tutkielmassa havaitaan, että tietojohtamisessa ja informaation hallinnassa keskiössä ovat niin organisaation johto, yksilöt kuin teknologiakin. Johto voi omalla toiminnallaan luoda puitteet organisaation toimintakäytäntöihin, mutta myös yksilöiden näkemyksillä on merkitystä siinä, miten informaatiota jaetaan ja kenen koetaan olevan vastuussa tiedon kehittämisestä. Tutkittavissa organisaatioissa havaitaan kahden ääripään näkemyksiä: toisen ääripään mukaan extranet-informaatiota ei tarvitse erityisesti jakaa, toisen ääripään mukaan jakaminen on koko organisaation eduksi. Johdolla ei aina ole käsitystä organisaation toimintakäytännöistä, eikä se siten kyseenalaista näitä käytäntöjä. Tärkeimpiä lähteitä tutkielmassa ovat: Hansen et al. (1999): What"s your strategy for managing knowledge?; Choo, Chun Wei (1998): The knowing organization; Choo, Chun Wei (2000): Information management for the intelligent organization; Taylor, Robert (1991): Information Use Environments.
  • Moisio, Sami (Taylor & Francis Group (Routledge), 2018)
    We live in the era of the knowledge-based economy, and this has major implications for the ways in which states, cities and even supranational political units are spatially planned, governed and developed. In this book, Sami Moisio delves deeply into the links between the knowledge-based economy and geopolitics, examining a wide range of themes, including city geopolitics and the university as a geopolitical site. Overall, this work shows that knowledge-based "economization" can be understood as a geopolitical process that produces territories of wealth, security, power and belonging. This book will prove enlightening to students, researchers and policymakers in the fields of human geography, urban studies, spatial planning, political science and international relations.
  • Haldin-Herrgård, Tua (Svenska handelshögskolan, 2005)
    Economics and Society
    Det tysta kunnandet utgör en stor del av kunskapsresursen både hos oss som individer och i arbetsorganisationerna. Trots att vi omger oss med böcker, manualer och databaser, som alla är exempel på explicit kunskap, så är det ”den rätta känslan”, erfarenheten och våra färdigheter som avgör om och hur vi klarar av våra uppgifter. Dessa begrepp är alla relaterade till den tysta dimensionen av kunskap. En dimension som traditionellt karaktäriserats som abstrakt, individuell, omedveten, praktisk, erfarenhetsbaserad och framför allt svår att uttrycka. Alla dessa är karaktärsdrag som ställt speciella krav inom kunskapsforskning och -ledning. Resultatet av detta är att både forskning och ledning av det tysta kunnandet har åsidosatts till förmån för forskning och ledning av explicit kunskap. Ett bidragande problem har varit bristen på lämpliga metoder för att ur ett företagsekonomiskt perspektiv studera och leda tyst kunnande. Ett annat problem har varit oklarhet i begreppet tyst kunskap. Detta har lett till brist på förståelse och/eller missförstånd. För att råda bot på svårigheten att uttrycka vårt tysta kunnande har människan utvecklat olika begrepp som i vår vardagskommunikation symboliserar tyst kunnande. Begrepp som intuition, människokännedom, förhandlingsförmåga och kultur används vanligt och med dem uttrycker vi den tysta dimensionen av kunnande. Dessa begrepp utgör även grunden för den intervjumetod som utvecklats för att empiriskt studera eller i ledningssyfte kartlägga tyst kunnande. Metoden använder dessa ”Epitet för Tyst Kunskap” (ETK) som bas för stimuluskort-intervjuer. Intervjuer som visat sig öka möjligheten att utforska och kartlägga tyst kunnande i organisationer oberoende av om man är forskare eller företagsledare.
  • Salojärvi, Sari (Svenska handelshögskolan, 2005)
    Economics and Society
    This study explores the role and nature of knowledge management (KM) in small and medium-sized companies (SMEs). Even though the role of knowledge as a competitive advantage is commonly recognized in the SME sector, almost no attention has been paid to the managing and developing of knowledge in SMEs. This thesis consists of three different sub-studies that were reported in four individual essays. The results of the questionnaire study indicate that nearly all companies that responded to the questionnaire (N = 108) found intangible assets, i.e. knowledge resources to be their main source of competitive advantage. However, only less than a third of the companies actively deal with knowledge management. The results also indicate a significant correlation between activity in knowledge management and sustainable organic growth of the company. The interview study (N = 10) explored the context and motives of the SMEs for managing their intangible assets, and the concrete practices of knowledge management. It turned out that KM facilitated change management, clarification of the vision and new strategy formulation. All the interviewed companies were aiming at improved innovation process, new ways of doing business and attaining an increased “knowledge focus” in their business. Nearly all also aspired to grow significantly. Thus, KM provides a strategy for these SMEs to guarantee their survival and sustainability in the turbulent markets. The action research was a process to assess and develop intangible resources in three companies. The experienced benefits were the clarification of future focus and strategy, creation of a common language to discuss strategic issues within the company, as well as improved balance of different categories of intangible assets. After the process all the case companies had developed in the chosen key areas. Thus, by systematic knowledge management the implementation of new strategic orientation (knowledge focusing) was facilitated. The findings can be summarized in two main points. First, knowledge management seems to serve the purpose of change, renewal and new strategic orientation in the SMEs. It also seems to be closely related to organic growth and innovation. All of these factors can be considered dimensions of entrepreneurship. Second, the conscious development of intangible assets can increase the balance of different categories of intangible assets and the overall knowledge focusing of business. In the case companies, this in turn facilitated the path to the improved overall performance.
  • Mäkinen, Kalle (Helsingfors universitet, 2000)
    This study examines supervisors' emerging new role in a technical customer service and home customers division of a large Finnish telecommunications corporation. Data of the study comes from a second-generation knowledge management project, an intervention research, which was conducted for supervisors of the division. The study exemplifies how supervision work is transforming in high technology organization characterized with high speed of change in technologies, products, and in grass root work practices. The intervention research was conducted in the division during spring 2000. Primary analyzed data consists of six two-hour videorecorded intervention sessions. Unit of analysis has been collective learning actions. Researcher has first written conversation transcripts out of the video-recorded meetings and then analyzed this qualitative data using analytical schema based on collective learning actions. Supervisors' role is conceptualized as an actor of a collective and dynamic activity system, based on the ideas from cultural historical activity theory. On knowledge management researcher has taken a second-generation knowledge management viewpoint, following ideas from cultural historical activity theory and developmental work research. Second-generation knowledge management considers knowledge embedded and constructed in collective practices, such as innovation networks or communities of practice (supervisors' work community), which have the capacity to create new knowledge. Analysis and illustration of supervisors' emerging new role is conceptualized in this framework using methodological ideas derived from activity theory and developmental work research. Major findings of the study show that supervisors' emerging new role in a high technology telecommunication organization characterized with high speed of discontinuous change in technologies, products, and in grass-root practices cannot be defined or characterized using a normative management role/model. Their role is expanding two-dimensionally, (1) socially and (2) in new knowledge, and work practices. The expansion in organization and inter-organizational network (social expansion) causes pressures to manage a network of co-operation partners and subordinates. On the other hand, the faster speed of change in technological solutions, new products, and novel customer wants (expansion in knowledge) causes pressures for supervisors to innovate quickly new work practices to manage this change.
  • Jussila, Jaana (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    This thesis studies the views of managers working in specialist organizations regarding leadership and emotional intelligence. The purpose of this study is to form an understanding of what views and concepts of the managers in specialist organizations have regarding emotional intelligence and its significance in managerial work. The purpose is to build an understanding of what the challenges are in managing specialist knowledge and to form an understanding of what the understanding and experience of emotional intelligence is in relation to leading an organization with specialist knowledge. The theoretical framework of the study was formed around three concepts: emotional intelligence, leadership and leadership of specialist knowledge. Theories of emotional intelligence, especially the concept of emotional intelligence by David Goleman and concepts of emotionally intelligent leadership were used as a theoretical framework. Concepts and definitions related to leadership and knowledge and theories in leadership of knowledge - such as the concept of transformational leadership presented by Bernard M. Bass – that have been combined with management that furthers learning by Riitta Viitala and Pirjo Kolari were also used in the study. The empirical research material was gathered by interviewing eight people who work or have worked in managerial positions in the specialist organization. The interviews were conducted as theme interviews. The methodological approach of the study was content analysis through which the research material was analyzed. Based on the material of the research, the challenges of managerial emotional intelligence in the specialist organization were the expectations and broad range of tasks related to managerial positions, substance knowledge, the management of strategic specialist knowledge, motivating, supporting and interaction. According to the study, the most important competences of emotional intelligence were emotional self-awareness, good selfassessment, self-control, transparency, ability to perform, empathy, service orientedness, inspirational leadership, ability to develop others and teamwork and collaboration skills. The conclusion of the study is that in the management of specialist knowledge in specialist organizations, matters such as interaction, individual attentiveness, empathy, ability to motivate and support, being present and enabling are highlighted. In a specialist organization a manager needs sufficient substance knowledge, purely emotional leadership is not sufficient. In specialist organizations, succeeding in knowledge management requires emotional intelligence, substance knowledge and transformational leadership. When these are combined by competent managers, they are able to motivate, focus on individuals and enable development.