Browsing by Subject "kotikoulu"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-2 of 2
  • Pelkonen, Suvi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2015)
    Aims. This study examines the phenomenon of home school both philosophically and by analyzing interview data. After the introduction to the context of home school, internationally and in Finland, the whole idea is analyzed in the light of personalistic philosophy. The interview data is also analyzed by the same philosophical tradition. The aim is to find out to what extent parents' reasoning, values and criticism of school system reveal traits of personalism. Methods. The concept of personalism in this study is based especially in the philosophical writings of Martin Buber, Emmanuel Mounier, Karol Wojtyla, Emmanuel Levinas and John MacMurray. All of them emphasized the importance of a human person and love as communion of persons. Out of their ideas, I have conducted the key values of personalism. Data consists of 12 interviews, each lasting around one hour. Data is divided up to the reasons why parents want to home school, what kind of criticism they give for the school system and what kind of values their ideas carry. Results and conclusions. From the perspective of personalism the person, who loves the child the most, should educate the child. The personalistic idea of love is contrary to using someone as means to end. Each child should be loved for his or her own sake. Personalism thus challenges the whole school system, which holds many instrumental characteristics. If parents choose to educate their children at home in order to create deeper relationships with them, this could be seen as a personalistic value decision. In this study, the parents were justifying their choice by arguments of problems in school, intimacy in the family, possibility of learning that is more authentic, child's wish and their own wish to convey a certain worldview to their children. All the personalistic values were found in the data but particularly focus was on intimacy and authenticity. These could be seen as the charasteristics of personalism which emphasizes both love and autonomy of a person. From the personalistic horizon of significance, intimacy could be seen as justification for home school (see also Merry and Howell, 2009).
  • Taipalus, Hanna (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    The purpose of this study was to investigate talented children studying in a homeschool. The first research question describes home school parents’ definitions of talent. The second research question focuses on supporting a talented child in a homeschool. Previous research data shows that talent and homeschooling are related both as a reason for choosing a homeschool and as a high learning outcomes (Ray 2002, 2017) The research material was collected through a thematic interview. Home school parents (N=7) and their children (N=6) participated in the remote connected interview. Literated interviews were analyzed in the first research question by inductive content analysis and in the second research question by deductive content analysis question based on the catalysts of Gagnés (2004) Differentiated model of giftedness and talent. Talent was seen as differences in performance based on innate ability. Parents emphasized the importance of the environment and work alongside this perception. Talent was seen a little more multimodal than general. The talented child was defined by a high willingness to learn and various interests. The views are in line with previous research data and resembles Gagné’s (2004) definitions of the development of natural ability into talent by talent development process. Families saw homeschooling as a workable solution for educating a talented child. The parents emphasized the impact of the environment and individuality on learning. Homeschooling was seen as a motivating learning environment and supporting a child’s well-being. Parents felt it was important to appreciate the child’s talent and a lot of resources could be directed to support the child’s talent. The flexible timetable in homeschool increased free time or allowed the child to engage more intense hobbies. Homeschooling appears to be potential form of education form of education for a talented child but requires certain educational resources from the family.