Browsing by Subject "kotiopetus"

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  • Palmu, Emmi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2017)
    Previous research proved that problem behavior is related to academic success and dropping out from school. (Kauffman 1997, Goldstein 1995; MacMillan & Reschly 1998). Sup-porting studying of this dropout group is a vital part of preventive action against social exclusion. In Finland Education law enables support and special education in schools for those in need. There are students in special education whose teaching take place out of the school with special scheme. This small marginal of students will be educated by the school. Studying take place in extracurricular time. This study surveys this specific phenomenon and terms it home schooling. Its purpose is to clarify the process of home schooling from the teacher's point of view.This study will resolve what kind of goals do the teachers set for this kind of teaching activities. Additional purpose is to gather information of the reasons teachers name to be significant to process of home schooling. The research is qualitative by nature and can be characterized as a qualitative case study. Research data consist of five theme interviews. Two of the teachers were from elementary school and three from the Finnish primary school. All of them had experience of the process of home schooling. The stories describe overall home schooling of twenty-one students. Material was collected in Southern Finland 2012. Transcribed interviews were analyzed by using content analysis. This study clarifies that the aims of home schooling are different in elementary school and in the upper comprehensive school. Upper comprehensive school priorities are to secure getting graduation diploma from primary school and prevent social exclusion. In elementary school the main goal was to secure the child itself and its surrounding. The prior reason for home schooling in elementary school teacher named outwardly oriented behavior. Behaving was directly aggressive. Upper comprehensive school the main problem was inwardly oriented behavior. Students did not come to school or did not do school work. This scientific research reveals that in the teacher's point of view problem behavior, unstable home environment, weak academic performance and problems in social skills were the reasons that led to home schooling. Problems were often multifarious and imbricated. The teachers experience was that home schooling made studying possible, when the support in the school system was not enough. The information offered will further the process of developing home schooling.
  • Perttula, Petra-Marja (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Homeschooling in Finland is a rare phenomenon, though it has been steadily increasing in the past years. Extensive research about homeschooling has been conducted internationally, whereas this field of study has not been researched widely in Finland. The reasons for parents to choose homeschooling is one of the most explored topics within the field and information on their motives can be found in many countries where homeschooling has been researched. The purpose of this thesis is to examine motives for Finnish families to choose homeschooling and about their experiences and opinions about its strengths and weaknesses. The aim is to discover what kinds of knowledge and skills homeschooling offers and what kinds of gaps it may leave. This study was carried out as a qualitative case study. The material was collected by interviewing three former homeschooling students and their parents. The interview method was semi-structured thematic interview. The interviews lasted 52 minutes on average and they were recorded and transcribed for more thorough analysis. The material was analyzed by using content analysis. The study shows that Finland has similar reasons for choosing to homeschool as the rest of the world. In this study, the primary reasons that emerged were to provide children with the appropriate worldview, the desire of parents to keep children near and hold the family together, and the gifted child's dissatisfaction with schooling together with social and school-related problems. School criticism or academic reasons were not emphasized, which suggests that the Finnish school system is valued. The study brings up a variety of strengths and weaknesses of homeschooling. However, they are not unequivocal. Homeschooling also varies between families and even within the same family. This research can be considered an overview of the topic, but the generalization of the results should be done with caution given the small sample size. Further studies on homeschooling in Finland, parents' motives to choose homeschooling, and the experiences of homeschooling families should be conducted in order to ensure a fuller picture of the phenomenon.