Browsing by Subject "koulun muutos"

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  • Valkonen, Elina (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Objectives. The work of a school teacher is constantly transforming because of the rapid changing of society and at the same time the well-being of teachers at work seems to have worsened in many respects. The changes in working life also affect the job descriptions and tasks of home economics teachers. The aim of this thesis is to find out what home economics teachers with over 15 years of working experience consider to be the most significant changes in their work and how these changes have affected their well-being. The second aim is to find out what kind of support home economics teachers have received for their well-being and what kind of factors help them to endure in their work. In this thesis well-being at work is examined especially from the perspective of change, and at the same time acounting its holistic nature. Methods. A qualitative research strategy was applied in this study. The data consisted of six (6) semi-structured interviews, which were carried out as telephone conversations. The home economics teachers taking part in the research resided in different parts of Finland and had various backgrounds in terms of their professional education. The interviews were transcribed, the data were thematised, and analyses applying qualitative content analysis. “Windows of well-being” (Gerlander & Launis, 2007) was applied in interpreting the results of the research. Results and conclusions. The results imply that, the most essential changes in the work of home economics teachers seems to be connected to students. The teachers had experienced the weakening of handcraft skills and different kinds of problems increased among students. On the other hand the results indicate an increase in co-operation between schools and homes with new technology. Additionally, changes in the physical working environment because of indoor air issues seem to challenge the well-being of home economics teachers. The things that bring joy, motivate and help teachers to manage with their work are strongly connected to students, the work community and their own personal life. Attributes related to the teachers’ personalities were also emphasized in the experienced well-being of home economics teachers. The results of this research highlight themes that can be helpful and useful in supporting the well-being of home economics teachers in their future in-service training.
  • Vaarula, Sarianne (Helsingfors universitet, 2011)
    Research objectives. The Special Education Strategy, the legislative change based on it, and the change in the Finnish National Core Curriculum for Pre-primary and Basic Education build the background for this study. An improvement initiative called KELPO was founded in 2008 to implement a new three-level support system in municipalities. To support this initiative, the Network of Intensified and Special Support in the Metropolitan Area was founded in 2010. The Network consists of 22 pilot schools from four metropolitan municipalities and the Centre for Educational Assessment at the University of Helsinki that carries out the developmental assessment of the initiative. The objective of my study was to form an overall view of the functioning of the Network. The data included interviews of 20 principals of the schools belonging to the Network. The interviews were conducted by the Centre for Educational Assessment in the autumn of 2010. The research question is: What do principals speak about the networking done inside and between the municipalities? Methods. I received the data as already transcribed for my use. I researched it using a narrative research approach. As a method I used both thematic reading and classifying narratives by the holistic-content. These methods belong under the analyze of narratives. I collected the narratives from the principals under themes that arose from the data delimited by my research question. The narrative analysis materialized by writing the research story, as a new story was built by the principals' stories theme by theme. The classification of the narratives by the holistic-content method was realized according to what kind of a gatekeeper's role each principal had. With a gatekeeper I here mean the intermediary role of a principal between the school and outside world. In addition, I used the analysis of interactive production of the narrative when applicable. Results and conclusions. Explicit features in the story of the Network were the principals', at least partial, uncertainty of the purpose of the networking, lack of time and resources, changing of initiatives, and lack of continuity. Positive narratives about ownership and empowerment could also be found. Nonetheless, many of the preconditions for success described by the school reform and school networking theories were not fulfilled. According to the collective story, there was no shared goal or purpose, and nor were the needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness fulfilled. Three different kinds of gatekeepers were found in the data: The Exemplary ones, The Survivors and The Losers. The distinguishing factor turned out to be sharing of information at school. Based on the narratives, the schools with principals taking care of sharing information were the most active in partaking in networking.
  • Supinen, Roosa (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    There has been intense debate over the Finnish school system and new curriculum in recent years. The purpose of this thesis is to analyze this public debate in the comment fields of news sites. I try to describe the ways in which school reality is constructed in these comment fields. The material of the study was the discussions under the articles about school and new curricu-lum in Helsingin Sanomat and Yle Uutiset from autumn 2018 to spring 2019. The delimitation was made based on the topic of the news and the number and quality of comments on the dis-cussion under it. The method of analysis was interpretive discourse analysis, which was also supported by rhe-torical analysis. In discourse analysis, language is seen as a tool to shape reality, and it is im-portant to examine what kind of image about school is produced in public debate, when public debate is increasingly influencing in educational policy processes. As a result of the analysis, five discourses were constructed. Discourses were called the dis-course of the circle of accusations, the discourse of confrontation, the discourse of international comparison, the discourse of solutions, and the discourse of defending the school and the cur-riculum. All discourses presented different perspectives on education policy, teachers, methods, and students. The new curriculum was seen as a failure. The discourses used strong and even offensive rhetoric.