Browsing by Subject "kumariinit"

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  • Tukiainen, Kristiina (Helsingfors universitet, 2019)
    Anisakiasis is a parasitic disease caused by larval nematodes of the genus Anisakis. Humans become infected by consuming contaminated raw or undercooked seafood products. Most human infections are caused by Anisakis simplex (A. simplex) complex. Currently there is no effective drug for this global emerging disease. Novel active compounds against the nematode are needed for drug development purposes. The research with A. simplex requires the isolation of the larvae from fish, which is time-consuming, unecological and uneconomical. Thus, the utilization of the model nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) in the research of A. simplex is considered in this study. Activities of Tea tree, Java citronella and Ho wood essential oils against C. elegans were studied. Aim of the assays was to examine whether C. elegans could be used as a model for A. simplex. Observed effects on C. elegans were compared to the previously reported effects on A. simplex. Activity of Tea tree and Java citronella essential oils against A. simplex was also examined to confirm previously reported activity. In addition, activity of six coumarins against A. simplex was investigated. The aim of the assays was to discover novel active compounds against the pathogenic nematode. Four coumarins were tested against C. elegans to examine possible comparable effects. Toxicity studies were performed in aquatic medium in a 6 well plate format (A. simplex) and in a 96 well plate format or in 1.5 mL Eppendorf tubes (C. elegans). Tea tree essential oil showed dose dependent activity against C. elegans, producing 100% mortality with the concentration 20 μL/mL after 24 hours exposure. Compared to A. simplex, two to three times higher doses were required to produce same degree of mortality in C. elegans. By contrast, Java citronella and Ho wood essential oils showed no significant activity against C. elegans. The activity of Tea tree and Java citronella essential oils against A. simplex was confirmed. The tested coumarins displayed no significant activity against the nematodes. Due to the contradictory results, further investigation about the suitability of C. elegans as a model for A. simplex is needed. Differences between the effective concentrations are probably caused by the differences in the biology of the nematodes, which result from the phylogenetic distance. Based on current results, the tested coumarins were excluded as potential antinematodal compounds against A. simplex, due to the lack of any significant activity on this model.
  • Rahko, Eeva-Liisa (University of Helsinki, 1992)