Browsing by Subject "lactate"

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  • Similä, Minna E.; Auranen, Mari; Piirilä, Päivi Liisa (2020)
    Background: A deficiency of muscle phosphofructokinase (PFKM) causes a rare metabolic muscle disease, the Tarui disease (Glycogen storage disease type VII, GSD VII) characterized by exercise intolerance with myalgia due to an inability to use glucose as an energy resource. No medical treatment for GSD VII currently exists. The aim of this study was to determine whether a dietary intervention with excessive fat intake would benefit GSD VII.Patient and Methods: A ketogenic diet (KD) intervention implemented as a modified Atkins diet was established for one patient with PFKM deficiency, with a low late lactate response and very high ammonia levels associated with exercise. We recorded the KD intervention for a total of 5 years with clinical and physiotherapeutic evaluations and regular laboratory parameters. Cardiopulmonary exercise testing, including breath gas analysis and venous lactate and ammonia measurements, was performed before KD and at 3, 8 months and 5 years after initiation of KD.Results: During the 5 years on KD, the patient's muscle symptoms had alleviated and exercise tolerance had improved. In exercise testing, venous ammonia had normalized, the lactate profile remained similar, but oxygen uptake and mechanical efficiency had increased and parameters showing ventilation had improved.Conclusions: This study is the first to show a long-term effect of KD in GSD VII with an alleviation of muscle symptoms, beneficial effects on breathing, and improvement in exercise performance and oxygen uptake. Based on these findings, KD can be recommended under medical and nutritional supervision for selected patients with GSD VII, although further research of this rare disease is warranted.
  • Erkkilä, K.; Aito, H.; Aalto, K.; Pentikäinen, V.; Dunkel, L. (2002)
    Dysregulation of male germ cell apoptosis has been associated with the pathogenesis of male infertility. Therefore, factors involved in the regulation of germ cell death are being actively investigated. Here, we studied the effects of lactate on human male germ cell death, using as a model a testis tissue culture in which physiological contacts are maintained between the germ cells and the supportive somatic Sertoli cells. Apoptosis of spermatocytes, spermatids and a few spermatogonia was induced by culturing segments of seminiferous tubules under serum-free conditions. This germ cell death was inhibited effectively and dose-dependently by lactate, indicating that it plays a crucial role in controlling cell death cascades of male germ cells. Interestingly, the anti-apoptotic role of lactate was not associated with changes in testicular adenine nucleotide (ATP, ADP and AMP) levels. In the seminiferous tubules, the final site of the death-suppressing action of lactate appeared to be downstream along the cell death pathway activated by the Fas receptor of the germ cells. In conclusion, testicular cell death was effectively regulated by lactate, which may be regarded as a potential compound for optimizing in-vitro methods involving male germ cells for assisted reproduction.
  • Calza, Giulio; Nyberg, Elisabeth; Mäkinen, Matias; Soliymani, Rabah; Cascone, Annunziata; Lindholm, Dan; Barborini, Emanuele; Baumann, Marc; Lalowski, Maciej; Eriksson, Ove (2018)
    Metformin is the first line drug for type 2 diabetes but its molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we have studied the acute effect of a therapeutically relevant intrahepatic concentration of metformin on glucose production from lactate. We selected the perfused rat liver as experimental system since it enables the complete control of drug dosage. We used MALDI (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization) mass spectrometry imaging to estimate the concentration of metformin in the livers and we measured the concentration of glucose in the effluent medium under basal conditions and following lactate addition. MALDI mass spectra of thin-sections of freeze-clamped rat liver perfused with metformin showed a peak at 130.16 m/z which was unambiguously assigned to metformin. The mass spectrometric detection limit was at a tissue concentration of about 250 nM, and uptake of metformin from the perfusion medium to the liver occurred with a K-m of 0.44 mM. Metformin was evenly distributed in the liver irrespective of its concentration in the perfusion medium and the duration of a perfusion. At a parenchymal concentration of 30 mu M, metformin did not induce any significant suppression of the basal or lactate-induced glucose release from the liver. These results show that matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging can be applied to estimate the tissue concentration and distribution of metformin in a therapeutically relevant micromolar concentration range. Our findings challenge the view that metformin causes an inhibition of glucose release from the liver by an acute inhibition of mitochondrial glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.5.3).
  • Piirilä, Päivi; Similä, Minna E.; Palmio, Johanna; Wuorimaa, Tomi; Ylikallio, Emil; Sandell, Satu; Haapalahti , Petri; Uotila, Lasse; Tyynismaa, Henna; Udd, Bjarne; Auranen, Mari (2016)
    Introduction: Glycogen storage disease V (GSDV, McArdle disease) and GSDVII (Tarui disease) are the most common of the rare disorders of glycogen metabolism. Both are associated with low lactate levels on exercise. Our aim was to find out whether lactate response associated with exercise testing could distinguish between these disorders. Methods: Two siblings with Tarui disease, two patients with McArdle disease and eight healthy controls were tested on spiroergometric exercise tests with follow-up of venous lactate and ammonia. Results: A late increase of lactate about three times the basal level was seen 10-30 min after exercise in patients with Tarui disease being higher than in McArdle disease and lower than in the controls. Ammonia was increased in Tarui disease. Discussion: Our results suggest that follow-up of lactate associated with exercise testing can be utilized in diagnostics to distinguish between different GSD diseases.