Browsing by Subject "lapsiperhe"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-11 of 11
  • Anttila, Sonja (Helsingfors universitet, 2017)
    Aims.The number of rainbow families, i.e. families with children where at least one parent be-longs to a sexual or gender minority, has been steadily growing alongside the legislative developments in 21st century Finland and the increasingly diverse methods of having children. Previous studies have indicated that having children in rainbow families is a carefully considered and planned process. As this process consists of numerous stages, the chains of events leading to having a child in a rainbow family could be referred to as a family-forming process. The purpose of this study is to obtain knowledge of the special features of the family-forming process from the viewpoint of parents. Taking into account the influence of individuals, their local community and society on these family-forming processes makes it possible to better understand and support this diverse group of families with children. The research questions were: 1. What special features are related to the family-forming processes of the parents of rainbow families in respect of individuals, local community and society? 2. How have societal representations affected the perceptions that people belonging to gender and sexual minorities have on their possibilities for parenthood? Methods. The research data were collected with an online questionnaire and consisted of the responses of 74 parents in rainbow families. The questionnaire was mainly comprised of open questions; multiple-choice questions were additionally used to ask about the respondents' background information. The study was conducted with qualitative methods using theory-guided and material-based content analysis and content itemisation. Results and conclusions. Above all, this study indicated that the family-forming processes of the parents in rainbow families were individual. Nevertheless, some of the respondents shared experiences in the family-forming processes related to the family structure, method of having children and challenges they faced. The research findings indicate that female couples and independent women experience stress due to the costs of fertility treatments. In addition, those wishing to establish a system of shared rainbow family parenthood might fail to find people to co-parent with. Representations of rainbow families might have influenced the family-forming process of some of the respondents. The responses reflected the strong agency and responsibility of individuals. Based on the results, it can be noted that there is still need to develop the legislation concerning rainbow families. Diversity within rainbow families is not always recognised. There is need for more individual encounters that take different family structures into account as well as more versatile representations of rainbow families in different areas of society.
  • Jussila, Henriikka (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    Background: Migration has found to be associated with changes in eating habits. Typically, dietary acculturation occurs which means that the person adopts host country’s ways of eating. Previous studies suggests that dietary acculturation can have negative effects on person’s diet if the person adopts the host country’s way of eating processed foods that replace the traditional healthy foods of their own culture. The phenomenon is also reflected in other generations, with children and young people with a foreign background being found to eat more sweets and soft drinks than other peers. To promote the eating habits of families with children with a foreign background, a deeper understanding is needed of the factors behind eating habits. Ethnography offers an opportunity to increase understanding of everyday eating and produces descriptive data to complement traditional nutrition research. Objectives: The aim of this MS's thesis was to draw a picture of everyday eating in families with children and with a foreign background in Finland. The study participants were mothers with first- and second-generation foreign backgrounds and with different ethnic backgrounds. Methods: This was a qualitative study using an ethnographic design. The field of research was an open community space in the Helsinki metropolitan area. The data consisted of ethnographic interviews with mothers (n=23) and field workers (n=2), as well as participatory observations and pictures. The data was analyzed by coding and theming. The results were compared with the model of dietary acculturation created by Satia-Abouta and with previous literature. Results: The role of mothers in the food supply of families was central. They made a distinction between “everyday food”, “cultural food” and “Finnish food”. Everyday food was something easy and fast, while cultural food required time and expertise. Some of them prepared cultural food as everyday food, as it was a means of maintaining cultural heritage. Except for fruits, vegetables and vegetarian dishes played a smaller role in mothers’ stories than animal-based products (meat, chicken, fish) and carbohydrate-containing products (rice, pasta, potatoes). Ethnic shops in the area were perceived as comprehensive, although many bought only (halal) meat there. The mothers' eating habits showed dietary acculturation, as they had begun to prepare “Finnish foods” such as mashed potato or lasagna that were new to them. It was important for the mothers that their children ate well, and children’s lack of eating emerged as a concern. The mothers balanced between what foods children liked and what they considered as good for the child. They had searched and received ideas and information regarding eating on the Internet and from a Finnish counseling center. Conclusions: This study brought understanding of everyday eating in families with children with a foreign background in Finland. The ethnographic approach made it possible to describe mothers’ own perspectives and was an effective way to recruit people with a foreign background. More ethnographic research is needed from the perspective of children and adolescents with foreign backgrounds to make their voices heard as well.
  • Kauppinen, Ann-Marie (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    Objectives. The purpose of this study is to identify factors associated with the housing of the family of children with autism spectrum. Housing services aimed of people with autism spectrum often pay attention to sense sensibility, but in a standard apartment the same consideration might require housing modifications. Since the people with autism spectrum typically have hypersensitivity and/or hyposensitivity of the senses, one of the research questions was: do these atypical sensory reactions increase the need for housing modifications. In addition to that, the research also aimed to chart the housing needs of the families of the children with autism spectrum and what kind of solutions made in the construction stage of homes could reduce the need for housing modifications and increase the suitability of the homes for the families. Methods. The research was conducted as a qualitative research. The data was collected through an online questionnaire. 75 participants responded to the questionnaire, in addition a pilot interview was attached to the data. Responses included a total of 82 autistic children and their families. The data was processed using the Atlas.ti program. At the initial stage, the material was encoded in a transparent manner. In the final stage, the created code words were used to create a thematic network, which displayed the data's most often emerged themes. In addition, the research aimed to chart the need for modifications. Results and conclusions. The data showed that the needs of the families of children with autism spectrum for housing development aspirations are very similar, as other families with children. Concerns about safety and the need for space were two of the three main themes arosen from the data. In addition, one of the themes that arose was the world of sound in homes, especially the sound stimuli. Based on the data multi-family homes experienced a sound insulation problem. Sound insulation investing in the construction phase would serve autistic families and reduce the need for housing modifications. Based on the data, more flexible residential solutions to serve the needs of autistic families and would reduce the need for housing modifications or moving.
  • Hietaniemi, Marjut (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    This research investigates “Supporting the everyday life of families with children” activity provided by the Martha organization. The activity consists of home visits arranged by household experts, which aim to facilitate the wellbeing and everyday life of families with children. The aim of the research is to explore how home visits facilitate the fluency of everyday life and how they support the development of household skills. In addition, the re-search aims to deepen understanding of the everyday life of families with children by investigating what type of burdening factors families face and what type of supporting factors appear in the everyday life of families. The research was qualitative by nature, and its material was obtained by conducting semi-structured theme interviews. That is, six parents and four household experts were interviewed for the research. The research material was analyzed using the theory-guided con-tent analysis method. Based on the research results, parents experience everyday life as busy and full of work. Especially the schedules set by work burden everyday life. Household experts experienced that difficult life situations and the lack of household skills and everyday life patterns burden families. The research shows that families need concrete help and support. Some of the interviewed parents felt that their need for support had been left unrecognized. Based on the material, anticipation and daily routines proved to be important supporting factors for everyday life. Parents felt that the home visits contributed to the fluency of everyday life in many aspects and that doing things together was the concrete and significant way of contribution. Household experts viewed that the purpose of home visits was to discover the families’ own way of handling everyday life and that the visits were the right way of strengthening household skills. According to the research, household advice and visits provided by household experts in addition to other support forms provided by different organizations and the society are worth the support for the everyday life of families with children. The understanding of the needs for everyday life and its support for families with children enables the development of family-oriented support forms.
  • Saarinen, Sini (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    Tiivistelmä - Referat – Abstract Aims. In the everyday dining of families with children, challenges can be caused by, among other things, the rush and different rhythms of everyday life of family members, skills of the parents to control everyday life, and the different preferences and habits of family members. Family dining and cooking are of much greater importance to family life than just fulfilling a need for nutrition. Media and TV programs are one source of instruction and advice on how to live and what would be appropriate to eat. The purpose of this study was to find out what kind of challenges a popular reality TV program presents in execution of everyday dining and what kind of advice the program offers to solve those. The theoretical background of the study is based on research examining the importance of family meals and the contradictions of food choice, as well as nutritional recommendations and guides that provide recommendations and guidance. Methods. The subject of the study was thirteen episodes of the TV program Kitchen takeover that included families with children, presented in the years 2018–2019. The research approach was qualitative. The data were collected in the summer of 2019 by watching and spelling out all the episodes of the program that were related to the subject of the study. Content analysis was chosen as the method of data analysis. The analysis was done on a material-themed basis. Results and conclusions. Based on the research results, the challenges of families concerning everyday eating are diverse. Recurring themes were cooking discomfort and friction, who has the responsibility of cooking, the low variety of foods, low use of vegetables, food restrictions and everyday management challenges. The program suggests that the implementation of everyday meals for families would be improved by eating together, making together, planning and scheduling, increasing the use of vegetables, and seasoning. Based on what was presented in the program, the families managed to achieve positive changes in their daily dining. Based on the research results, there are families with children in Finland who would need practical support for their cooking.
  • Mursula, Anuriitta (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    The purpose of this study was to gain more insight into how play becomes a part of life in families with children. The aim is to find out different meanings of play for families in their daily lives and to view at the production of play activities especially from the perspective of children’s agency. Children’s involvement in the production of everyday life has not been studied comprehensively in the field of Home Economics Science. However today’s understanding of children both as active actors in their families and as producers of valid information made the topic relevant and important. The aim of this study was to build a holistic understanding of the phenomenon. Play was considered as a meaningful function for families with children and as the most natural way for children to act. This qualitative study gathered data from four families with children. All the families lived in Helsinki metropolitan area and had each at least one child aged between five to seven years old. The data consisted of stimulated recall interviews with the families and was deepened by the families’ self collected material of their play memories. The families were allowed to actively determine their participation in the study and to choose their own ways of collecting the data. The data were mainly produced in the form of photographs and diary entries. The interviews were conducted in a child-centered way to ensure reaching their perspectives. Participant observation was also used while conducting the interviews. The data were analysed using both qualitative content analysis and thematic analysis methods. Also features of narrative analysis were applied in the analysis process. This study found play to be a central part of everyday life of families with children. Children bring play also in the families’ non-playful activities. Play routines are important for the daily life of families for the flow they bring as well as for the families’ enjoyment and well being. Play and everyday life form a positive circle where they nourish each other. The experiences of community and participation through play proved to be the most important factors in the everyday life of families. Play and players themselves produce family as they play. Play can bring family members together and create family the valuable experience of us. Play can also be seen supporting the child’s agency in family life by providing children tools for participating and making an influence in joint activities.
  • Koskelainen, Karita (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    Meat-eating has a significant impact on the environment. Also, there is notable evidence for the negative impacts that meat-eating has on health. Therefore it has been recommended that people reduce the amount of meat in their diet due to ecological and health reasons. In addition, the production of meat is ethically questionable due to the treatment of the animals. This study explores the ways in which families with children have reduced their meat-eating and how the reduction of meat has changed the families’ eating habits. Furthermore, this study investigates the mother’s role in the preparation of food: earlier studies have shown that the mother’s role in serving and preparing food for the family is significant. This study is focusing on families with children, where meat-eating has been reduced. The data was collected between February and March in 2019. The method of the study was an online survey with structured multiple choice questions as well as open questions. 180 people answered the survey, 98 percent of which were women. I analysed the data by doing a content analysis on the answers. The results show that when a family starts reducing their meat-eating, not all family members reduce their meat-eating in the same way. The eating habits of the families became more plant-based and many families made different foods after reducing their meat-eating than before they had reduced their meat-eating. The mother’s role in serving and preparing the food is still significant, as shown in earlier studies. The results also show that the respondents feel the need to explain their choice to reduce their meat-eating. The study also strengthens the connection between meat and milk and the meat industry, since consumers who reduce milk also tend to reduce meat, and vice versa. The results of the study also show that the person most opposed to reducing meat-eating in the family is the father, not the children. When reviewing the results, it has to be taken into consideration that women were over represented in the study, which might affect the results.
  • Inget, Emilia (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    Objectives. The aim of this study is to find out what factors influence family food choices today and how sustainable eating is reflected in family food choices. In previous studies, food choices can be seen as a complex phenomenon with many different goals. The aim of this study is to reflect how parents experience food choices today. My research brings a new perspective to studying family food choices and answers the current question of how sustainability is reflected in family food choices. Methods. This was a qualitative study. The material was collected in semi-structured theme interviews. One parent of the family was interviewed. Eight families were selected to this study. Since this study focused on the role of sustainability in family food choices of parents of young children, the age of the children was under the Finnish school age of seven. The families had either one or two children. Results and Conclusions. The results show that family food choices were affected by many different goals that might be partly contradictory and sometimes prevent one another from achieving the other. Thus, parents may be considered to be in a type of crossfire when con-sidering food choices. Sustainable eating appeared in three different roles in the families: it was either a guiding factor for family food choices, a somewhat guiding factor, or a meaningless factor for family food choices. Sustainable eating appeared in the food choices, among other things, as favoring of certain diets or products, and the avoidance of certain ingredients or products. The parents of this study had found the eating habits that worked for them. Parents did not experience food choices challenging, although their responses showed some discrepancies when discussing about food choices. These contradictions were brought up by the use of opposites. Intrestingly the parents applied routines as strategies for overcoming the controversies, and as a result, the at times even experienced the potential problems as opportunities.
  • Kortström, Hanna (Helsingfors universitet, 2002)
    Tämän tutkielman tarkoituksena on ollut tarkastella lapsiperheiden palveluihin käytettyjen kulutusmenojen muutoksia 1990-luvulla. Tavoitteena on ollut selvittää poikkesiko yhden ja kahden huoltajan talouksien palvelumenojen muutokset toisistaan. Aineistona on käytetty Tilastokeskuksen kulutustutkimuksista tehtyä aikasarjaa 1990-1998. Vertailut kotitaloustyyppien välillä on tehty aina kulutusyksikköä kohden. Palvelumenoja on selvitetty ensin kokonaisuudessaan ja sen jälkeen palveluryhmittäin. Osa palveluryhmistä on jaettu vielä edelleen kahteen osaan. Tutkimus osoitti, että lapsiperheiden palvelumenoissa tapahtui muutoksia. Palvelumenot laskivat yhden ja kahden huoltajan talouksissa vuodesta 1990 vuoteen 1994/96, jonka jälkeen palvelumenot kääntyivät kahden huoltajan talouksissa kasvuun. Yhden huoltajan talouksissa palvelumenot laskivat edelleen vuotta 1998 kohden. Palveluryhmittäisessä tarkastelussa voitiin havaita, että muutokset palvelumenoissa olivat tavallisesti lapsiperheissä saman suuntaisia. Yhden huoltajan talouksissa muutokset olivat tavallisesti jyrkempiä. Palvelumenoissa 1990-luvun alussa olleet tasoerot yhden ja kahden huoltajan talouksien välillä myös säilyivät lähes samana vuosikymmenen loppuun saakka. Kotitalouden tuotantoteoriasta johdettiin tutkimusta varten taustateoreettinen viitekehys, jossa kuvataan kotitalouksien vaihtoehtoisia tapoja tuottaa perushyödykkeitä. Johtopäätöksinä havaittiin teorian soveltuvan palvelumenojen muutosten kuvaamiseen. Kotitalouksien toiminnan kannalta vaihtoehtoisia tapoja tuottaa perushyödykkeitä on oltava, jotta tarpeet saataisiin tyydytetyksi erilaisissa taloudellisissa olosuhteissa. Tutkielman tulokset ovat yleisesti ottaen yhteneviä aikaisempien lapsiperheitä koskevien tutkimusten tulosten kanssa.
  • Huovinen, Tiina (2004)
    Tutkielmassa käsitellään sitä, mitkä tekijät kuormittavat 2000-luvun parisuhteita erityisesti perheissä, joissa on pieniä lapsia. Tarkastelun kohteena on, miten erilaisten asiantuntijoiden tarve ja ulkopuolinen apu parisuhteen ongelmiin nähdään yhä tarpeellisempana. Mielenkiinnon kohteena ovat myös parisuhteen vaikeuksiin tarjolla olevat palvelut Suomessa sekä ihmisten tiedot ja mielipiteet näistä palveluista. Tarkastelu pohjautuu postmodernin ajan sosiologien kuten Zygmunt Baumanin, Anthony Giddensin ja Riitta Jallinojan kirjoituksiin parisuhteen ja perheen merkityksen muutoksista. Tutkielma sijoittuu postmodernin ajan ihmisten suhteita ja sosiaalista elämää kuvaavaan viitekehykseen. Päämielenkiinto on perhetutkimuksessa ja erityisesti parisuhteen moni-ilmeisessä kuvauksessa. Kohderyhmänä ovat pienten lasten vanhemmat, sekä heidän parisuhteensa erityislaatuisuus. Tutkielmassa pyritään hahmottamaan parisuhdepalvelujen asemaa ja merkitystä muuttuvassa elämäntavassa sekä tarkastelemaan parisuhteen ongelmien suhdetta näihin palveluihin. Tutkielman empiirisenä aineistona käytetään kyselyä, johon vastasi 125 Väestöliiton Perheverkosta ”Parisuhdevihkonen vekaraperheen vanhemmille” -julkaisun tilannutta henkilöä. Vastaajista 91%:lla oli lapsia. Aineiston kvantitatiivinen analyysi tehtiin SPSS 11.5 for Windows-ohjelmalla. Avointen kysymysten analyysissa etsittiin sisällönanalyysin avulla vastauksista yhtenäisiä seikkoja ja koottiin niistä asiakokonaisuuksia. Vastaajat arvioivat, että eniten riitoja ja erimielisyyksiä pienten lasten vanhempien parisuhteessa aiheuttaa väsymys. Muita tärkeitä tekijöitä olivat kotitöiden jakaminen ja uudenlaiset ajankäytön haasteet. Kyselyssä vastaajat myös arvioivat Väestöliiton julkaisemaa ”Parisuhdevihkonen vekaraperheen vanhemmille” –julkaisua esimerkkinä kirjallisesta materiaalista parisuhteen tukena. Kyselyssä selvisi, että parisuhteen hoitaminen –aihealue oli vastaajien mielestä vihkosen kiinnostavin aihe, joka myös helposti unohtuu arkisessa pikkulapsiperheen elämässä. Vastaajat toivoivat saavansa lisää kirjallista materiaalia aiheista kuten lapsen syntymän jälkeinen elämänmuutos, parisuhteen hoitaminen ja vanhempien jaksaminen. Parisuhteen tueksi saatavilla olevista tukimuodoista vastaajat pitivät tärkeänä lastenhoitoavun saamista sekä ystävien kanssa käytäviä keskusteluja. Ammattimaisen tuen muodoista vastaajat kaipasivat lisää kirjallista materiaalia ja keskusteluja ammattilaisten kanssa. Myös vertaistukea parisuhdekurssien ja keskusteluryhmien muodossa pidettiin tärkeänä. Perheneuvola ja neuvola nähtiin luontevina paikkoina parisuhdeasioista keskusteluun, vaikkakin toisaalta neuvolaa pidettiin vahvasti lasten hoidon ja kasvatuksen asiantuntijana. Kaupungeissa asuvat vastaajat tiesivät eri palvelujen olemassaolosta paremmin kuin maaseudulla asuvat. Parisuhdeasioissa auttaminen kuului vastaajien mielestä eniten psykologien ja sosiaalityöntekijöiden työnkuvaan. Ongelmina parisuhdetta tukeviin palveluihin hakeutumisessa kyselyyn vastaajat näkivät puolison mukaan saamisen, palvelujen maksullisuuden sekä hankalan löydettävyyden.
  • Kontinen, Emmi (Helsingfors universitet, 2016)
    The everyday life of families with children is seen as a fertile micro community from emotions point of view. Many emotions are being experienced and transferred there. The everyday life is being described as cyclic and multilevel unity, which consists of routines, that are repeated daily and weekly. The food choice is part of everyday life activity and the emotions that impact on food choice in everyday life are previously been researched rather slightly. The research shows, that in addition to positive emotions lots of negative and contradictory emotions are being related to everyday life of families with children. The purpose of this research is to find out, what kind of emotions parents experience in family's food choice situations and into what kind of situations are the positive and negative emotions being attached to. Furthermore, the purpose of this research is to find out, how mother's and father's emotions about food choice differ and what kind of contradictions mother's and father's emotions cause in family's everyday life. The research was executed as a qualitative research and research data was collected by diary approach. Four families with toddler-aged children took part in research and both mothers and fathers completed the diary (n=8). The data was organized by content analysis and analyzed by theme analysis and typology. The results showed that various emotions are being connected with every day life's food choice. Mother's and father's emotions differed clearly. Fathers felt positive emotions when dinner was ready after work and guilt from not making it home early enough or from not being there to impact on food choice. Mothers felt emotions of success inter alia when they became aware that their food choice promoted health or when the child agreed to eat what was offered. Negative emotions were experienced when weekdays were busy and there wasn't enough time to impact on food choice. This research gave a different point of view to observe the everyday life of families with children and an opportunity to understand reasons behind parents emotions better. On the other hand, this research gave a new, emotions acknowledging angle also on nutrition promotion.