Browsing by Subject "liikuntamotivaatio"

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  • Tuomaala, Anna-Sofia (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    The aim of this study was to investigate junior basketball players motivation and enjoyment in physical education and in sport. In addition, the point of this study was to compare factors that affected junior basketball players motivation and enjoyment in physical education and in sport. Previous studies have shown that autonomy, competence and social-relatedness have had a positive effect on motivation. Also ego-orientation and task-orientation have had an effect on development of motivation. Previous studies also shown that especially enjoyment and competence have a big positive effect on children’s motivation. The participants in this study were 6 and they were 12 – 13 -year-old basketball players and they represent one club in Southern Finland. The data were collected by using semi-structured interview. The interviews were analysed by using phenomenography research approach. Conclusions in this study was that junior basketball players motivation and enjoyment was better in basketball practice than in physical education. On the basis of the results I came to the conclusion that external factors, competition and social comparison, social factors and an internal factors affected to junior basketball players motivation and enjoyment. The findings indicate that teachers and coaches should support student’s autonomy and social relatedness in physical education.
  • Santero, Asko (Helsingin yliopisto, 2021)
    The aim of this study was to find out how classroom teachers who teach physical education support task-oriented motivational climate in the 5th and 6th grade physical education classes in a primary school in Helsinki and what are the challenges in the climate creation. The theoretical framework of the study is based on previous research on self-determination theory, goal orientation theory, and motivational climate – all having an impact on pupils’ exercise motivation. Epstein's (1989) Target model was used as a basis for studying the task-oriented motivational climate of teachers. The study was conducted as a qualitative case study using the content analysis method. The data was gathered in semi-structured thematic interviews that were guided by a complete interview framework. Five classroom teachers teaching physical education were interviewed and the collected data was analyzed inductively and deductively per research question. The results show that the classroom teachers of the studied primary school supported task-oriented motivational climate in physical education classes in each of the six areas of the Target model. As challenges, the classroom teachers experienced low perceived competence by pupils, problems related to pupil behavior, the impact of social status and external challenges caused by the operating environment, such as insufficient exercise facilities. The findings show that teachers’ activity in physical education classes mainly support pupils’ basic psychological needs and enable the creation of a task-oriented motivational climate despite the above-mentioned challenges
  • Suvanto, Maria (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    The purpose of this study was to describe factors that affect the enjoyment of physical education. It is known that children consider enjoyment being an important part of their physical activity. As an institution that reaches out to all children, school has a significant role to play in the physical activity of children and teenagers, which is why it is important to find out what kind of PE classes pupils enjoy. Earlier studies have shown that PE classes are influenced by, among other things, the content and motivational climate. This study explores and describes factors that, based on pupils' experiences, affect their enjoyment of PE classes. The research was carried out using qualitative methods. 28 pupils from the sixth grade attending the same school in the same class participated in the study. The only criteria for the target group selection was the pupils’ grade. The research material was collected using non-active role play and an open questionnaire. Thematic analysis was performed for the acquired material. On the basis of the results, many different factors contributed to whether or not the pupils experienced enjoyment. Factors contributing to the enjoyment were related to the presence, character and activities of the teacher, as well as pupils' activities, grouping and social relations between pupils. In addition, factors related to PE classes, including content, competition and group size, also affected the pupils’ enjoyment. Finally, under the 'miscellaneous' theme, there were factors that were not related to the issues mentioned above. When all aspects related to these themes were in order, they were seen as factors that make pupils enjoy PE. When aspects related to the same themes appeared the opposite pupils experienced lack of enjoyment. Factors that compromise enjoyment were similar to the top themes described for the factors of enjoyment, except for the "miscellaneous" theme. Finally, in addition to content, competition and group size, factors affecting enjoyment of the theme ”PE classes” included the facilities and experiences of failure. Competition, grouping and group size both contributed and compromised to enjoyment.