Browsing by Subject "liikuntapedagogiikka"

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  • Mähönen, Suvi (Helsingin yliopisto, 2018)
    In this research the main target is to figure out, what kind of challenges the comprehensive school teachers are facing in their daily work of teaching physical education and are those notions of challenges similar or very different from each others. The study is interested to point out those mentally laden factors which have a great impact for teacher´s work satisfaction and stamina at their career path. This is qualitative research and as it´s character it aims to portray, analyse and interpret the mentally laden factors in teaching, how can they occur in different period of career. One objective is to develop resources to support teacher´s occupational wellbeing. This study is empiric and it has data-driven approach, where the information is collected from different levels of comprehensive school and it focuses to interpret the experiences of teachers in different environment. Research persons are either class teachers or Physical Education teachers, all with their own individual educational background. Important is to find out how those different teachers perceive the challenges at their work, how those challenges affect to teacher´s occupational wellbeing and which kind of strategies they have to cope with them. This survey was implemented as an inquiry with 34 respondents, 16 class teachers and 18 physical education teachers. The second data, which was used together with inquiry data was collected with theme interviews. 8 carefully selected teachers were participating in the interviews. Both data combined together was used to analyse the different kind of strategies of teachers to face the challenges or resolve the problems related to it. Inquiry data was used to analyse all challenge responses, where top-20 challenges of class teachers and physical education teachers were compiled into scales and both profession groups were compared in the synthesis of main challenges. Also frequencies of challenges were measured in inquiry and they were analyzed together with interview data of 8 self evaluated work satisfaction numbers. The results show that the challenges in both environment were all same, but with different order and importance. In Huberman (1992) career model which was used to classify respondents into smaller groups, the research results pointed out 2 risk groups in physical education career path: novice teachers in first 4 years of career and teachers in their 7.-18. years at work. Results can be used to develop and promote occupational well-beeing.
  • Jänkälä, Anni (Helsingin yliopisto, 2020)
    The basis of this study was the need to increase physical activity in early childhood education based on previous research. Studies have shown that childcare centers do not have equal possibilities to support children’s physical growth and development because of unequal physical activity conditions. The task of this study is to describe, analyze and render preschool education teachers’ views and experiences on how physical education actualises in a preschool group setting. The aim of this study was to find out how the teachers describe the preschool groups’ activity and which factors have an impact on the execution of physical activity in preschool groups. The study was a qualitative case study. The research material was collected through half structured theme interviews. The research material consisted of interviews from five (5) preschool teachers. Teachers who participated in the study were working in Helsinki metropolitan area at the time of the interviews. The research material was analysed using qualitative research data analysis. Results of this study suggest that teachers working in preschool groups viewed physical activity as a part of daily preschool education activity and physical activity was integrated into other components of preschool education as well. Organised physical activity was part of the preschool groups’ activities and children’s voluntary physical activity was made possible depending on the childcare centers’ resources and safety factors. Results of this study indicate that there are multiple factors affecting the execution of physical activity in preschool groups. The teachers viewed the execution of physical activity positively primarily through enabling factors. For the factors that possibly limited physical activity execution, teachers tried to find creative and promotive solutions. Based on the results of this study, the pedagogic decisions of the preschool teachers enable children’s physical activity in different learning environments, despite the varying resources of the childcare centers. The educators’ own physical education views and the pedagogic skills of the preschool staff members are the main determinative factors in how children’s physical activity is executed in preschool groups.