Browsing by Subject "lipoproteiinit"

Sort by: Order: Results:

Now showing items 1-5 of 5
  • Fredrikson, Linda (Helsingin yliopisto, 2019)
    The consumption of omega (n-) 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) from fish has been associated with lower rates of cardiovascular diseases with one mechanism being lowering LDL cholesterol levels in blood. When incorporated into LDL particle n-3 PUFAs can modify the lipid composition and reduce atherogenicity of the particle, e.g. by influencing inflammatory processes. The effects of n-3 PUFA of plant origin are less studied. This study investigated the effects of Camelina sativa oil (CSO), a rich source of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), on lipid species of human LDL including phosphatidylcholines (PC), lysophosphatidylcholines (LPC), sphingomyelin (SM), triacylglycerols (TAG) and cholesterol esters (CE). A total of 38 subjects with a history of impaired fasting glucose, were randomly divided into two groups; CSO (ALA 10 g/day) and the control group (limited fish and ALA intake) for 12 weeks. Blood samples were collected from the subjects at the beginning and at the end of the experiment after 12 weeks. LDL particles were isolated from blood and the lipids were analyzed by mass spectrometry. The CSO affected more the LDL core lipids (TAG and CE) than lipid species of the shell (PC, LPC, SM). CSO is high in ALA and linoleic acid (LA). Thus, the diet reduced mole fractions of lipid species containing saturated acyl chains while acyl chains in the core lipids with ALA, LA and EPA, that is formed in the body from ALA, were increased. Based on the results, having CSO in the diet changed the LDL particle lipid composition in a favorable direction for cardiovascular health.
  • Sarén, Pirjo (University of Helsinki, 1993)
  • Ezra, Titta (University of Helsinki, 1997)