Browsing by Subject "long-term monitoring"

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  • Hoekman, David; LeVan, Katherine E.; Ball, George E.; Browne, Robert A.; Davidson, Robert L.; Erwin, Terry L.; Knisley, C. Barry; LaBonte, James R.; Lundgren, Jonathan; Maddison, David R.; Moore, Wendy; Niemelä, Jari; Ober, Karen A.; Pearson, David L.; Spence, John R.; Will, Kipling; Work, Timothy (2017)
    The National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) will monitor ground beetle populations across a network of broadly distributed sites because beetles are prevalent in food webs, are sensitive to abiotic factors, and have an established role as indicator species of habitat and climatic shifts. We describe the design of ground beetle population sampling in the context of NEON's long-term, continentalscale monitoring program, emphasizing the sampling design, priorities, and collection methods. Freely available NEON ground beetle data and associated field and laboratory samples will increase scientific understanding of how biological communities are responding to land-use and climate change.
  • Borges, Paulo A. V.; Rigal, Francois; Ros-Prieto, Alejandra; Cardoso, Pedro (2020)
    A dramatic insect decline has been documented on the grasslands and forests of European or North American mainland. Yet, other parts of the world and other ecosystems remain much less studied with unknown patterns. Using a unique time-series dataset, we investigate recent trends on abundance and richness of arthropods sampled in Azorean native forest over 6 years (2013-2018). We test the hypothesis that biodiversity erosion drivers are changing the diversity and relative species abundance structure (species abundance distribution, SAD) of endemics, native non-endemics and exotic species over time. We also examine temporal trends in abundance for each individual species. In contrast with mainland studies, we observed no decline in overall arthropod diversity, but a clear increase in the diversity of exotic arthropods and some evidence of a tendency for decreasing abundance for some endemic species. We also document stronger species turnover for exotic species, but no specific changes in the SAD. We argue that many changes, particularly in unique systems such as islands, will be noticed not at the richness but mostly at compositional level. Special attention should be given to exotic species which are known to be one of the major drivers of biodiversity erosion on islands.
  • Gotelli, Nicholas J.; Moyes, Faye; Antão, Laura H.; Blowes, Shane A.; Dornelas, Maria; McGill, Brian J.; Penny, Amelia; Schipper, Aafke M.; Shimadzu, Hideyasu; Supp, Sarah R.; Waldock, Conor A.; Magurran, Anne E. (2022)
    The species composition of plant and animal assemblages across the globe has changed substantially over the past century. How do the dynamics of individual species cause this change? We classified species into seven unique categories of temporal dynamics based on the ordered sequence of presences and absences that each species contributes to an assemblage time series. We applied this framework to 14,434 species trajectories comprising 280 assemblages of temperate marine fishes surveyed annually for 20 or more years. Although 90% of the assemblages diverged in species composition from the baseline year, this compositional change was largely driven by only 8% of the species' trajectories. Quantifying the reorganization of assemblages based on species shared temporal dynamics should facilitate the task of monitoring and restoring biodiversity. We suggest ways in which our framework could provide informative measures of compositional change, as well as leverage future research on pattern and process in ecological systems.